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The influence of global climate change on the scientific foundations and applications of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: Introduction to a SETAC international workshop 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
This is the first of seven papers resulting from a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) international workshop titled “The Influence of Global Climate Change on the Scientific Foundations and Applications...
Implications of Global Climate Change for Natural Resource Damage Assessment, Restoration, and Rehabilitation 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Various international and national regulations hold polluters liable for the cleanup of released hazardous substances and the restoration/rehabilitation of natural resources to preincident baseline conditions, a process often...
Toxicity of sediments potentially contaminated by coal mining and natural gas extraction to unionid mussels and commonly tested benthic invertebrate 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Sediment toxicity tests were conducted to assess potential effects of contaminants associated with coal mining or natural gas extraction activities in the upper Tennessee River basin and eastern Cumberland River basin in the ...
Reproductive health of yellow perch Perca flavescens in selected tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay 2013. Science of The Total Environment
Reduced recruitment of yellow perch has been noted for a number of years in certain urbanized watersheds (South and Severn Rivers) of the Chesapeake Bay. Other rapidly developing watersheds such as Mattawoman Creek are more r...
Localized Hotspots Drive Continental Geography of Abnormal Amphibians on U.S. Wildlife Refuges 2013.
Amphibians with missing, misshapen, and extra limbs have garnered public and scientific attention for two decades, yet the extent of the phenomenon remains poorly understood. Despite progress in identifying the causes of abno...
Technical Review: Smoky Canyon Mine Site-Specific Selenium Criterion Report 2012.
In response to a formal Congressional request, the Division of Environmental Quality (DEQ) of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) prepared a scientific technical review of the draft report titled, "Interpretive Findings ...
Implications of global climate change for natural resource damage assessment, restoration, and rehabilitation 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
(NOTE: Accepted Article. This manuscript has been accepted, but has not been edited or formatted. It will be published at a future date.) Various international and national regulations hold polluters liable for the cleanup of...
Immunological and Reproductive Health Assessment in Herring Gulls and Black-Crowned Night Herons in the Hudson-Raritan Estuary 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
(NOTE: Accepted Article. This manuscript has been accepted, but has not been edited or formatted. It will be published at a future date.) Previous studies have shown inexplicable declines in breeding waterbirds within western...
Acute effects of road salts and associated cyanide compounds on the early life stages of the unionid mussel Villosa iris 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The toxicity of cyanide to the early life stages of freshwater mussels (order Unionida) has remained unexplored. Cyanide is known to be acutely toxic to other aquatic organisms. Cyanide-containing compounds, such as sodium fe...
Chronic hydrocarbon exposure of harlequin ducks in areas affected by the Selendang Ayu oil spill at Unalaska Island, Alaska 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We evaluated chronic exposure of harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) to hydrocarbons associated with the 2004?M/V Selendang Ayu oil spill at Unalaska Island, Alaska. We measured levels of hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-d...
Lethal Effects of Water Quality on Threatened California Salamanders but Not on Co-Occurring Hybrid Salamanders 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue.) Biological invasions and habitat alteration are often detrimental to native species, but their interactions are difficult to predict. Interbreeding...
Mercury in Wing and Tail Feathers of Hatch-Year and Adult Tidal Marsh Sparrows 2012. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We estimated mercury exposure and bioaccumulation in sparrow feathers to determine variation among age groups, between sparrow species, and between feather types. Results of feather mercury studies in piscivorous birds indica...
A Geospatial Approach to Identify Water Quality Issues for National Wildlife Refuges in Oregon and Washington 2011. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management
Many National Wildlife Refuges (Refuges) have impaired water quality resulting from historic and current land uses, upstream sources, and aerial pollutant deposition. Competing duties limit the time available for Refuge staff...
Twice as easy to catch- A toxicant and a predator cue cause additive reductions in larval amphibian activity? 2011. Ecosphere
Toxicants may harm predators or prey differentially, hindering clear determination of multiple stressor effects on predation dynamics in polluted aquatic systems. We built on a prior field study in which we demonstrated that ...
Wildlife Response: Silvertip Pipeline Oil Spill Yellowstone River, Montana 2011.
Environmental Contaminants Specialists from multiple states with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's (Service) Division of Environmental Quality have deployed to the pipeline break site near Billings, MT....
Characterizing Contaminant Exposure of Mountain Plovers on Wintering Grounds in California and Breeding Grounds in Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana: Contaminants Report Number: R6&R8/725C/11 2011.
The mountain plover (Charadrius montanus) is a shorebird that primarily inhabits dry upland sites, such as shortgrass prairie and shrub-steppe landscapes during both wintering and breeding seasons. Nesting occurs primarily in...
Review and Management Recommendations for study titled "Retention time of chlorophacinone in the tissues of black-tailed prairie dogs exposed to chlorophacinone bait.": Final Report 2011.
Final report and management recommendations for the Off-Refuge Environmental Contaminants Investigation titled "Retention time of chlorophacinone in the tissues of black-tailed prairie dogs exposed to chlorophacinone." The ma...
Liver Contaminants in Bald Eagles Carcasses from Maine 2011.
In Maine, locations of moribund or dead bald eagles are regularly reported to biologists and game wardens and carcasses are immediately collected. Unless a law enforcement case is suspected, eagle carcasses are destined for...
Environmental Contaminants in Fillets of Sea-run Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) from the Gulf of Maine Distinct Population Segment 2011.
Between 2008 and 2010, skin-on fillets from seven dead adult sea-run Atlantic salmon from the Gulf of Maine Distinct Population Segment (GOM DPS) were analyzed for organochlorine compounds, PBDE, and trace metals. Five fish...
Mercury Assessment of Brandy Pond T39 MD, Maine 2011.
Brandy Pond is a remote, shallow, pond in east-central Maine. A bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) nest territory has existed on the pond since the mid 1960s. Since the establishment of the nest, the bald eagle territory...
Screening-Level Assessment of Organochlorine Compounds in Raccoons (Procyon lotor) at Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge 2011.
The Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge (ARONWR) was established in 1998 on the site of the former Loring Air Force Base (LAFB), a cold-war era Strategic Air Command facility. Throughout the course of its 40+ year operationa...
Global climate change and environmental contaminants: A SETAC call for research (Editorial) 2010. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Description or Abstract Not Available...
The Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program 2010.
Hazardous substances are a constant threat to our fish, wildlife, and other natural resources. As a result of concern over the influx of contaminants into the environment, and a wish to ensure that the responsible parties—not...
Oil Spill Response 2010.
The Fish and Wildlife Service’s Role in Oil Spill Response The Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of threatened and endangered species, migratory birds, and certain fish, marine mammals, and sea turt...
Spill Response: Environmental Response and Restoration Branch 2010.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) provides advice, including appropriate cleanup techniques, actions and end points to the Federal On-Scene Coordinator to protect threatened and endangered species, migratory birds,...
Restoration of Great Muskellunge in Green Bay (article from "Fish Lines") 2010. Fish Lines
...
Sensitivity of early life stages of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) to acute and chronic toxicity of lead, cadmium, and zinc in water. 2010. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Toxicity of lead, cadmium, or zinc to early life stages of freshwater mussels (fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea; Neosho mucket, L. rafinesqueana) was evaluated in 48-h exposures with mussel larvae (glochidia), in 96-h exposur...
A Comparison of Mercury Contamination in Mussel and Ammocoete Filter Feeders 2010. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management
The Trinity River, California, has an extensive history of gold and mercury mining, and recent studies demonstrated uptake of legacy mercury contamination by teleost fishes. We investigated mercury concentrations of larval la...
Epizootic of Beak Deformities Among Wild Birds in Alaska: An Emerging Disease in North America 2010. The Auk
The sudden appearance of a large cluster of animals with gross abnormalities may signal a significant change in an ecosystem. We describe an unusual concentration of beak deformities that appear to have arisen rapidly within...
Hydrogen Sulfide Monitoring near Oil and Gas Production Facilities in Southeastern New Mexico and Potential Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide to Migratory Birds and Other Wildlife 2010.
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, flammable and highly toxic gas with a characteristic odor of rotten eggs. It is produced naturally and as a result of human activity. Nationally, the largest source of hydrogen sulfide i...
Cytochrome P4501A biomarker indication of oil exposure in harlequin ducks up to 20 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill 2010. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Hydrocarbon-inducible cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) expression was measured, as ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, in livers of wintering harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) captured in areas of Prince William ...
Prairie Dogs, Pesticides, and Protected Species: Concerns for Anticoagulant Use in a Sensitive Ecosystem.: Proceedings of the 24th Vertebrate Pest Conference (R.M. Timm and K.A. Fagerstone, Eds.). 2010. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference
The black-tailed prairie dog occupies an estimated 2.4 million acres in the western U.S and is considered to be a keystone species of the Great Plains due to its influence on biological diversity and ecosystem function. Over...
Assessment of Selenium and Atrazine Exposure and Effects to Wildlife at the North Platte National Wildlife Refuge, Scottsbluff, Nebraska. 2010.
This study evaluated selenium and atrazine exposure and effects to fish and wildlife at North Platte National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) in Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska. Atrazine was detected in 2 of 54 water samples and at lo...
Environmental Contaminants in Tissues from an Atlantic Sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) Recovered in Wellfleet, Massachusetts 2010.
On February 2, 2007, a family walking along a Cape Cod beach in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, came upon a large dead sturgeon in the sand. The 5 foot, 45 pound sturgeon was later identified as a male Atlantic sturgeon (Acipense...
Environmental Contaminants in Two Composite Samples of Piping Plover Eggs from Delaware 2010.
During June of 2009, eleven non-viable piping plover (Charadrius melodus) egg were collected from nests located at the northern end of Cape Henlopen State Park in Delaware. The eggs were combined into two composite samples ...
Environmental Contaminants in Two Bald Eagle Eggs from New Hampshire 2010.
On June 12, 2006 and June 2, 2009, non-viable, addled bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) eggs were collected from nests at Pontook Reservoir on the Androscoggin River and at Silver Lake, New Hampshire (NH), respectively....
The Tethyan Connection: Selenium Poisoning of Fish and Wildlife in Nature: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 2010.
Organic-carbon enriched geologic features such as the abundance of phosphate deposits and petroleum-generating basins located in the Tethyan oceanic realm are typically enriched in selenium as are bituminous coals and Cretace...
Reserve Pits: Mortality Risks to Birds 2009.
A reserve pit is an earthen pit excavated adjacent to a drilling rig and is commonly used for the disposal of drilling muds and fluids in natural gas or oil fields. If the reserve pit contains oil or oil-based products (i.e. ...
Migratory Bird Mortality in Oilfield Wastewater Disposal Facilities 2009.
Commercial and centralized oil field wastewater disposal facilities (COWDFs), pose a significant risk to migratory birds and other wildlife because they use large evaporation ponds (either passive or with aeration) to dispose...
After Action Report: Barge DM932 Oil Spill, Mississippi River, New Orleans, Louisiana 2009.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Assessment of contaminant exposure and effects on Ospreys nesting along the Lower Duwamish River, Washington, 2006-07 2009.
We evaluated the effects of contaminants on osprey (Pandion haliaetus) nesting along the lower Duwamish River (LDR), Washington, and used the upper reach of the Willamette River (WR), Oregon, as a reference site. Osprey eggs ...
The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Introduction to a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Technical Workshop 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Translating Ecological Risk to Ecosystem Service Loss 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment: Synthesis of Assessment Procedures 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Evaluation of water quality threats to the endangered Okaloosa darter, Etheostoma okaloosae, in East Turkey Creek on Eglin Air Force Base 2009.
The federally endangered Okaloosa darter (Etheostoma okaloosae) is found almost exclusively on the Eglin Air Force Base in the Choctawhatchee Bay watershed of Florida. Portions of this limited habitat are threatened by smothe...
WA - Trumpeter Swan Lead Shot Poisoning Investigation in Northwest Washington and Southwest British Columbia: FINAL REPORT 2009.
Trumpeter (Cygnus buccinator) and tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus) populations wintering in northwest Washington State and on the Sumas Prairie, British Columbia, from 1999-2008, lost over 2,574 members, the majority (62%, 1,...
Coeur d’Alene Basin Trustees: Coeur d’Alene Basin NRDAR Accomplishments Report 2007-2008 2009.
This report summarizes those restoration activities that were implemented between 2007 through 2008. The CdA Basin Trustees (Trustees) include the Department of Agriculture, represented by the United States Forest Service (U...
Chemical Contaminants, Pathogen Exposure and General Health Status of Live and Beach-Cast Washington Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) 2009.
Analyses of blood and liver samples from live captured sea otters and liver samples from beach-cast sea otter carcasses off the remote Washington coast indicate relatively low exposure to contaminants, but suggest that even a...
Sediment Pollutant Evaluation at Priority Dam Removal Sites in North Carolina: Final Report 2009.
Between 2004 and 2008, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and partners investigated the potential for sediment contamination at three dams in North Carolina: Lowell Dam (Little River, Johnston County), Carbonton Dam (Deep Riv...
Summary of Existing Information Pertinent to Environmental Contaminants and Oil Spills on Breeding Atlantic Coast Piping Plovers 2009.
Information regarding environmental contaminants and oil spills on breeding Atlantic Coast piping plovers (Charadrius melodus) was solicited from state and federal biologists, and through database and literature searches. T...
Assessment of Mercury in Maine's Interior Bald Eagle Population 2009.
Mercury pollution is prevalent in the northeastern U.S. due to a combination of high rates of atmospheric deposition from Midwest sources and an abundance of habitats in the Northeast that effectively produce methylmercury ...
Intersex Fish: Endocrine disruption in smallmouth bass 2009.
Since 2003, scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Fish Health Research Laboratory (NFHRL) in Kearneysville, WV have been evaluating the reproductive health of smallmouth bass in the upper Potomac River and...
Using the Sediment Quality Triad to characterize baseline conditions in the Anacostia River, Washington, DC, USA 2009. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
The Sediment Quality Triad (SQT) consists of complementary measures of sediment chemistry, benthic community structure, and sediment toxicity. We applied the SQT at 20 stations in the tidal portion of the Anacostia River from...
Endangered species and Migratory Bird Treaty Act considerations in rodenticide registration and use.: Proceedings of the Twelfth Wildlife Damage Management Conference. 2008.
April 9-12, 2007. Corpus Christi, Texas...
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) Eggs from the Northeastern U.S. 2008.
Peregrine falcon eggs from nests in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont were analyzed for polybrominanted diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Eggs were collected from 1996 to 2006, excluding 1997 ...
Oil Spill Response 2008.
The Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of threatened and endangered species, migratory birds, and certain fish, marine mammals, and sea turtles. As a major federal landowner, we are also responsible f...
Evaluation of polychlorinated biphenyl remediation at a superfund site using tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) as indicators. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We studied tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) at the Sangamo National Priorities List (NPL) site and a reference area (Little Grassy) within Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge, Illinois, USA, to evaluate the bioavailabili...
Assessment of exposure risk of polychlorinated biphenyls to interior least terns (Sterna antillarum) 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Risk of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure and effects were assessed for a colony of federally endangered interior least terns (Sterna antillarum) nesting on the Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge (NM, USA). The colony...
"Focus on...Contaminents" : from the January/February 2008 issue of the Refuge Update. 2008. Refuge Update
...
Activity Budgets and Prey Consumption of Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Washington 2008. Aquatic Mammals Journal
Northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) were extirpated from the Washington coast in the early 1900s. Reintroductions of sea otters from Amchitka Island, Alaska, occurred in 1969 and 1970. By 2005, 814 sea otters occupie...
Influence of Habitat Complexity and Floodplain Reconnection Projects on the Physical and Biological Conditions of Seattle Urban Streams: Pre-Project Monitoring. Final Progress Report, 2005-2007. 2008.
We documented pre-restoration physical and biological conditions at four reaches in Thornton Creek, 95th Street, N.F. Confluence, S.F. Confluence, and Knickerbocker. For each study site (treatment) a control reach was selecte...
Contaminants in Fish and Wildlife of Lynx Lake, Arizona: Final Report 2008.
Sediment, water, crayfish, and fish were collected at Lynx Creek and Lynx Lake, Arizona in 2004 and 2005. Granite Basin Lake was used as a reference site. Both sites are located in the the Prescott National Forest. Concentrat...
Tier 1 Preliminary Evaluation of Pollutant Sources to the Impounded Reaches of Five Dams in the Neuse River Basin, North Carolina. 2008.
Impoundments are well recognized stressors to many species of riverine fishes, amphibians, mussels, crayfishes, and insects (Richter et al. 1997). Neves et al. (1997) and Watters (2000) reviewed effects of impoundments on fre...
Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy in the Southeast: An Ecoepidemiological Assessment with Emphasis on Lake Surf, North Carolina: Final Report 2008.
Between 1995 and 2005, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and partners investigated the occurence and significance of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in North Carolina. One aspect of the work was a cooperative study on timing and...
Embryo Toxicity of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo- p- Dioxin to the Wood Duck ( Aix sponsa ) 2008.
We examined the sensitivity of the wood duck (Aix sponsa) embryo to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) by injecting the toxicant into their eggs. ...
Assessment of Potential Toxicity and Aquatic Community Impacts Associated with Membrane and Ion Exchange Water Treatment Facility Effluents in Coastal North Carolina.: Final Report 2008.
To evaluate the significance of ion imbalance toxicity and the extent of impacts to the aquatic community associated with surface water discharge of concentrate from membrane and ion exchange water treatment processes in co...
Accumulation of Environmental Contaminants in Wood Duck ( Aix sponsa ) Eggs, with Emphasis on Polychlorinated Dibenzo- p -Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans 2008. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We measured polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides, and mercury in wood duck (Aix sponsa) eggs collected near a North Caro...
Site-Specific Fish Tissue Mercury at Four Eastern North Carolina National Wildlife Refuges. : Final Report 2008.
To assess fish tissue mercury concentrations in species commonly consumed on eastern North Carolina National Wildlife Refuges, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service partnered with the North Carolina Division of Water Quality a...
INFLUENCE OF pH ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF AMMONIA TO JUVENILE FRESHWATER MUSSELS (FATMUCKET, LAMPSILIS SILIQUOIDEA) 2008.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of pH on the toxicity of ammonia to juvenile freshwater mussels. ...
Differential exposure, duration, and sensitivity of Unionoidean bivalve life stages to environmental contaminants. 2008.
Freshwater mussels (superfamily Unionoidea) are in serious global decline and in urgent need of protection and conservation. The declines have been attributed to a wide array of human activities resulting in pollution and wat...
Intra- and inter-laboratory variability in acute toxicity tests with glochidia and juvenile mussels. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The present study evaluated the performance and variability in acute toxicity tests with glochidia and newly transformed juvenile mussels using the standard methods outlined in American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM...
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Wood Frogs (Rana Sylvatica) from three National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, USA. 2008. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Road Proximity Increases Risk of Skeletal Abnormalities in Wood Frogs from National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska 2008. Environmental Health Perspectives
Skeletal and eye abnormalities in amphibians are not well understood, and they appear to be increasing while global populations decline. Here, we present the first study of amphibian abnormalities in Alaska. In this study we ...
Environmental Contaminants in Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) from Cove Brook and Two Tributaries of the Sheepscot River 2008.
In July 2006, thirty-six brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) were collected from tributaries of two Maine rivers and used as surrogates for assessing potential contaminant exposure in Atlantic salmon parr. Eighteen trout wer...
Contaminant assessment of common terns in the Gulf of Maine. 2008.
During the 2004 and 2005 breeding seasons, a total of 50 common tern (Sterna hirundo) eggs and 42 chicks were collected from three Maine offshore islands where chick developmental abnormalities had been previously reported, a...
Environmental Contaminants in Tern Eggs from Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge and Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge 2008.
Six non-viable common tern (Sterna hirundo) and three roseate tern (Sterna dougallii) eggs were collected from Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Massachusetts and Seal Island NWR in Maine. Eggs were formed into three...
Site Assessment and Cleanup of the Youngs Road Small Arms Firing Range at Moosehorn NWR Baring, Washington County, Maine 2008.
A former small arms firing range was located adjacent to Youngs Road in an upland portion of the Baring Division of Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, Washington County, Maine. The small arms range had been used for decade...
Marine Foraging Birds As Bioindicators of Mercury in the Gulf of Maine 2008. EcoHealth
From existing databases, we compiled and evaluated 604 total mercury (Hg) levels in the eggs and blood of 17 species of marine foraging birds from 35 Gulf of Maine islands to provide baseline data and to determine the best ...
Trace Elements and Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Bird Food Chain Of Process Water Evaporation Ponds at the Little America Refinery, Casper, Wyoming 2008.
This study determined the nature and extent of trace elements, metals, and petroleum hydrocarbons in evaporation ponds used for the disposal of process water from Sinclair Oil Corporation's LARCO oil refinery in Evansville, W...
Tumor prevalence in brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) from the Little Blackwater River, Maryland. 2008.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Concentrations of Metals in Blood and Feathers of Nestling Ospreys ( Pandion haliaetus ) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays 2008. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
In 2000, 2001, and 2002, blood and feather samples were collected from 40-45-day-old nestling ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) from Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay and River. Concentrations of 18 metals, metalloids, and other elem...
Pollution Levels Declining in Waterfowl at an Eastern North Carolina Waste Site 2008.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and partners measured pollutants in wood duck (Aix sponsa) eggs collected near a North Carolina paper mill. The mill, on the Roanoke River near Plymouth, is adjacent to one of the Na...
Mercury concentrations in blood and feathers of prebreeding Forster's terns in relation to space use of San Francisco Bay, California, USA, habitats. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We examined mercury concentrations and space use of prebreeding Forster's terns (Sterna forsteri) in San Francisco Bay, California, USA, to assess factors influencing mercury levels in piscivorous birds. In 2005 and 2006, we ...
Mercury correlations among six tissues for four waterbird species breeding in San Francisco Bay, USA. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
In Press, Accepted April 6, 2008. No abstract available....
A General Approach to Modeling Biphasic Relationships 2008. Environmental Science and Technology
Biphasic relationships can be found throughout the sciences, especially in the dose-response relationships of pharmacology, toxicology, agriculture, and nutrition. Accurate modeling of biphasic dose-response is an essential s...
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Wood Frogs (Rana Sylvatica) from three National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, USA. 2008. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Habitat Protection as a Restoration Strategy 2008. Restoration Ecology
Habitat protection is a major component of the Exxon Valdez oil spill restoration process. The acquisition of private lands, or partial interests in private lands, is intended to promote natural recovery of spill-injured reso...
Bridging the Gap: Contaminants biologists help turn environmental hazards into healthy wetlands. 2007.
Ecological Contaminants biologists help turn environmental hazards into healthy wetlands in the Coeur d'Alene Basin in northern Idaho....
Protecting and Restoring Marbled Murrelet Habitat 2007.
In 1998, the tanker Command spilled approximately 3,000 gallons (11,350 liters) of fuel oil from a damaged tank while en route from San Francisco to Central America. The spill oiled beaches along the San Mateo County coa...
Contaminants in Unexpected Places 2007.
Fish hatcheries are an important tool in the Fish and Wildlife Service's efforts to restore threatened and endangered aquatic species. Unfortunately, these facilities sometimes face the same contaminant risks encountered...
Restoring Whooping Crane Habitat in Texas 2007.
The Fish and Wildlife Service's Corpus Christi Ecological Services Field Office in Texas is seeking to restore and preserve the crane's vital estuarine habitat. Its most recent success was made possible through a coopera...
Contaminant exposure in terrestrial vertebrates 2007. Environmental Pollution
Here we review mechanisms and factors influencing contaminant exposure among terrestrial vertebrate wildlife. There exists a complex mixture of biotic and abiotic factors that dictate potential for contaminant exposure among ...
Spill Response: The Environmental Response and Restoration Branch 2007.
in Spill Response The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) provides advice, including appropriate cleanup techniques, actions and end points to the Federal On-Scene Coordinator to protect threatened and endangered specie...
Cosco Busan Oil Spill: Environmental Contaminants Program 2007.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Role in Spill Response Staff from the Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office, San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Sacramento Regional Office, Portland Regional Office, C...
Mercury Contamination in Waterbirds Breeding in San Francisco Bay 2007.
San Francisco Bay has a legacy of mercury contamination from historical mercury mining in the Coast Range and gold extraction in the Sierra Nevadas. An estimated 220 million pounds of mercury were mined in the coastal mounta...
The Lake Apopka Agreement 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
From November 1998 through early April 1999, a bird die-off occurred on the north shore of Lake Apopka, Florida. The deaths occurred on former farmlands that had been purchased to reduce nutrient run-off into the lake by...
Recommendations for Conducting Cooperative Natural Resource Damage Assessment 2007.
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to state and federal natural resources trustee agencies (Trustees) and parties responsible for oil spills or other pollution events (Responsible Parties) on how to: 1) ini...
The Environmental Contaminants Program 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
Today, the Service's Environmental Contaminants Program includes contaminants specialists stationed at more than 75 locations around the country. These scientists are on the front lines in the fight against pollution. Th...
Alaskans are "Pulling Together" 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
When we hear about "invaders," we often imagine the danger these interlopers pose is obvious and immediate. However, newly introduced species may not become invasive for decades after they arrive. In 1993, biologist W.R....
Developing Barriers to Biological Invasions 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
The pathways used by non-native species are not always obvious. Many problematic species, diseases, and parasites have been transferred to new locations as undetected (and unplanned) hitchhikers. Unintended introductions...
Clearing the Water for Mussels 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
In cooperation with our partners, the Fish and Wildlife Service's Environmental Contaminants Program provides the science needed to improve water quality for restoring freshwater mussels - our Nation's largest group of t...
Blood Lead Concentrations in Waterfowl Utilizing Lake Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 2007. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Coeur d'Alene River Basin, Lake Coeur d'Alene, and the Spokane River contain elevated heavy metal concentrations in sediment and water from historical mining and ore processing operations in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. Lead ...
Water Sediment Quality Survey of Threatened and Endangered Freshwater Mussel Habitat in the Chipola River Basin, Florida. 2007.
Reduced habitat quality may be contributing to the decline of freshwater mussels in southeastern rivers. As part of an ongoing evaluation of the quality of freshwater mussel habitat in Gulf Coastal Rivers, the Chipola River...
Review of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2006 Abnormal Amphibian Project for the Southeast Region. 2007.
Preliminary screening assessments for abnormal amphibians were initiated on national wildlife refuges (NWRs) in the southeast region in 2000, with additional refuges included in each subsequent year (2001-2006) (Table 1, Figu...
Evaluation of Wetlands Created with Effluent From a Swine Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation Using Mallard Sentinels: Implications for McMurtrey National Wildlife Refuge. 2007.
Previous work by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service identified nutrients, elemental contaminants, algal toxins, bacterial pathogens, and hormones as contaminants of concern (COCs) associated with wetlands created from the sec...
Behavioral impairment and increased predation mortality in cutthroat trout exposed to carbaryl 2007. Marine Ecolology Progress Series
Willapa Bay is a coastal estuary in Washington State that provides seasonal rearing habitat for anadromous cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki clarki. Cutthroat trout forage throughout the estuary in the summer months whe...
Chemical contaminants in fish feeds used in federal salmonid hatcheries in the USA 2007. Chemosphere
Recent studies have demonstrated that fish feeds contain significant concentrations of contaminants, many of which can bioaccumulate and bioconcentrate in fish. Organochlorine (OC) contaminants are present in the fish oils a...
Endocrine Disruption in Razorback Sucker and Common Carp on National Wildlife Refuges along the Lower Colorado River : Final Report 2007.
To provide the entire Lower Colorado River with the first endocrine disruption reconnaissance study on native and non-native fishes (razorback suckers and common carp), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) chose three sam...
Assessment of Florida's biological integrity standard in Watson Bayou of the St. Andrew Bay System, Bay County. 2007.
The biological integrity of contaminated sediments in Watson Bayou was evaluated. Results demonstrated the applicability of the biological integrity standard for estuarine systems in the State of Florida and the value of sedi...
Mercury concentrations and space use of pre-breeding American avocets and black-necked stilts in San Francisco Bay 2007.
We examined factors influencing mercury concentrations in pre-breeding American avocets (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilts (Himantopus mexicanus), the two most abundant breeding shorebirds in San Francisco Bay,...
Mercury contamination and effects on survival of American avocet and black-necked stilt chicks in San Francisco Bay 2007.
We evaluated whether mercury influenced survival of free-ranging American avocet (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) chicks in San Francisco Bay, California. Using radio telemetry, we radio...
Sediment Quality within the Impounded Reaches of Cape Fear River Locks and Dams 2007.
This report documents an evaluation of chemical contaminants in, and toxicity of, sediments collected from impoundments created by locks and dams on the Cape Fear River in Bladen and Cumberland Counties, North Carolina. Twe...
Editorial: Advances and opportunities in assessing the contaminant sensitivity of freshwater mussel early life stages. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, and chlorine to glochidia and juveniles of freshwater mussels (Unionidae). 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The objective of the present study was to determine acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, or chlorine to larval (glochidia) and juvenile mussels using the recently published American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Stan...
Chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile mussels (Unionidae) 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The objectives of the present study were to develop methods for conducting chronic toxicity tests with juvenile mussels under flow-through conditions and to determine the chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile mus...
An evaluation of freshwater mussel toxicity data in the derivation of water quality guidance and standards for copper. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The state of Oklahoma has designated several areas as freshwater mussel sanctuaries in an attempt to provide freshwater mussel species a degree of protection and to facilitate their reproduction. We evaluated the protection a...
Contaminant Sensitivity of Freshwater Mussels: Risk assessment of water quality in three North Carolina streams supporting federally-endangered freshwater mussels. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Water quality data were collected from three drainages supporting the endangered Carolina heelsplitter (Lasmigona decorata) and dwarf wedgemussel (Alasmidonta heterodon) to determine the potential for impaired water quality t...
Natural Resources Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment for AT&SF (Clovis) New Mexico Superfund Site - FINAL 2007.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Final Wildlife Habitat Restoration Plan for the AT&SF Tie- Treater Superfund Site, New Mexico 2007.
The New Mexico Natural Resources Trustee, acting through the New Mexico Office of Natural Resources Trustee (ONRT) and the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI), acting through the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (Servi...
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Contaminant Assessment. 2007.
The purpose of the Contaminant Assessment Process is to compile and summarize known past, present, and potential contaminant issues on National Wildlife Refuges. This report documents contaminant issues on the Tetlin National...
Benthic macroinvertebrate community comparison of four streams in the Juneau, Alaska, area. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Juneau Field Office 2007.
A benthic macroinvertebrate bioassessment was completed in 1995 for Steep, Salmon, Gold and Sheep creeks in Juneau, Alaska. This survey was completed to examine any differences in stream benthic communities....
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in Steller's eiders (Polysticta stelleri) and harlequin ducks (Histronicus histronicus) in the Eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Seaducks may be affected by harmful levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at seaports near the Arctic. ...
Contaminant assessment of white suckers in eight DPS Atlantic salmon rivers. 2007.
White suckers (Catostomus commersoni) were collected for tissue residue analyses between 2003 and 2006 from the West Branch of the Sheepscot River, Ducktrap River, Cove Brook, Narraguagus River, Pleasant River, Machias River,...
Lead Shot Availability to Birds Using the North Platte River Near a Trap and Skeet Range 2007.
A trap and skeet shooting range gun club is located on the North Platte River, below the Guernsey Reservoir in Wyoming. In 1999, we obtained sediment samples to determine if lead shot from shooting activities was present and ...
Technical issues affecting the implementation of US Environmental Protection Agency's proposed fish tissue-based aquatic criterion for selenium. 2007. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
The US Environmental Protection Agency is developing a national water quality criterion for selenium that is based on concentrations of the element in fish tissue. Although this approach offers advantages over the current wat...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on Region 5 National Wildlife Refuges: 2006 year-end report 2007.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 2007.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Potential Hazards of Environmental Contaminants to Avifauna Residing in the Chesapeake Bay Estuary 2007.
A search of the Contaminant Exposure and Effects-Terrestrial Vertebrates (CEE-TV) database revealed that 70% of the 839 Chesapeake Bay records deal with avian species. Studies conducted on waterbirds in the past 15 years indi...
AVIAN CONSUMPTION AND USE OF CONTAMINATED WATER SOURCES: TOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF EXPOSURE, EFFECTS AND SUSCEPTIBILITY.: Final Report - Part I 2007.
Introduction: Availability of clean water sources is critical to the daily survival of wild bird species, while migratory species are dependent on water sources as they labor to reach their wintering or breeding grounds. Wate...
AVIAN CONSUMPTION AND USE OF CONTAMINATED WATER SOURCES: TOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF EXPOSURE, EFFECTS AND SUSCEPTIBILITY: Final Report – Part I - APPENDICES 2007.
APPENDICES. ...
New Publications Advance Understanding of Freshwater Mussel Sensitivity to Pollutants 2007. Conserving the Nature of America
The October 2007 issue of the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry has a special section on the pollutant sensitivity of freshwater mussels. Scientists with U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servic...
Contaminants in lesser scaup eggs and blood from Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. 2007. The Condor
Documented declines in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) populations may be caused by several factors, including reduced reproductive success or survival from exposure to environmental contaminants during winter, migration, or br...
Benthic macroinvertebrate community comparison of four streams in the Juneau, Alaska, area. 2007.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Trace Element Concentrations in Livers of Polar Bears from Two Populations in Northern and Western Alaska. 2007. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Concentrations of 20 trace elements (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Hg, Tl, Pb, and Bi) were measured in livers of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) collected from Northern and Western Alaska from ...
A Health Risk Evaluation for Pallid Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus) in the Lower Platte River Using Shovelnose Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus) as a Surrogate.: Final Report 2006.
Most sturgeon species worldwide have been in steep decline since the 1900s. This research evaluated shovelnose sturgeon health, reproduction, and exposure to environmental contamination in the lower Platte River. Shovelnose s...
Influence of water quality and associated contaminants on survival and growth of the endangered Cape Fear shiner. 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The Cape Fear shiner (Notropis mekistocholas) is a recently described cyprinid species endemic to the Cape Fear River Basin of North Carolina, USA. Only five populations of the fish remain; thus, it is listed as endangered by...
Recommended Water Quality for Federally Listed Species in Texas. 2006.
This technical report is an assessment of water quality requirements for aquatic species and aquatic-dependent species (e.g., shore birds) that have been listed (or proposed for listing) in Texas as threatened or endangered...
Brominated Flame Retardants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, East Greenland, and Svalbard 2006.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in adipose tissue of adult and subadult female polar bears sampled between 1999 and 2002 from sub-populations in Arctic Canada, eastern Greenland, and Svalbard, and in ma...
Rana sylvatica (wood frog). Chytridiomycosis 2006. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Mercury levels in seabirds in the Gulf of Maine. 2006.
We conducted a pilot study to screen mercury (Hg) levels in Gulf of Maine seabirds in an effort to determine which species are most at risk, are the most appropriate bioindicators, and to refine sampling methods. From 13 Gulf...
Environmental contaminants in an osprey egg from Upper Richardson Lake, Maine. 2006.
On July 19, 2003 an addled osprey (Pandion haliaetus) egg was collected from a nest at the northern end of Upper Richardson Lake in western Maine. The egg was analyzed by the USFWS for organochlorine compounds and trace elem...
Investigation of contaminant effects on frog development at Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Newington, New Hampshire. 2006.
For further information or to obtain a copy of this report, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office....
Evaluation of chemical, toxicological, and ecological data for the Tidal Middle Branch of the Patapsco River, Baltimore, Maryland. 2006.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on Region 5 National Wildlife Refuges: 2005 year-end report. 2006.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Assessment of Avian Selenium Exposure at Agroforestry Sites in California: Final Report 2006.
The west-side and southern end of the San Joaquin Valley in California is often poorly drained and infiltration of saline water into the root zone of crops affects a significant portion of the area. One option available to gr...
Department of Biology, University of Salmanca, Salmanca, Spain 2006. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We exposed larval southern leopard frogs (Rana sphenocephala) to lead-contaminated sediments to determine the lethal and sublethal effects of this metal. Tadpoles were laboratory-raised from early free-swimming stage through ...
Risk-based monitoring of the Kingman Lake Restored Wetland, Washington, DC. 2006.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Nationwide assessment of morphological abnormalities observed in amphibians collected from United States National Wildlife Refuges. 2006.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Use of the p,p'-DDD: p,p'-DDE Concentration Ratio to Trace Contaminant Migration from a Hazardous Waste Site. 2006.
For approximately 50 years, beginning in the 1920s, hazardous wastes were disposed in an 11-hectare area of the Marine Corps Base (MCB) Quantico, Virginia, USA known as the Old Landfill. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and D...
EFFECTS OF SEDIMENT-BOUND ZINC CONTAMINATION ON EARLY LIFE STAGES OF THE MUMMICHOG (FUNDULUS HETEROCLITUS L.) IN THE CHRISTINA WATERSHED, DELAWARE, USA 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
During the last century, the Christina River, the major estuarine river system in New Castle County (DE, USA), has received loadings of organic and inorganic chemicals, primarily from manufacturing facilities. Among the most ...
Tumor Prevalence in Mummichogs from the Delaware Estuary Watershed 2006.
Mummichogs Fundulus heteroclitus were collected in 2002–2004 from six locations within the Delaware Estuary watershed and examined histopathologically. The objective was to compare the prevalence of skin and liver tumors in f...
Effect of piperonyl butoxide on permethrin toxicity in the amphipod Hyalella azteca 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist of pyrethroid pesticides found in many products for structural pest control, mosquito control, and home and garden uses. Because both PBO and pyrethroid residues potentially co-occur in...
Concentrations of Environmental Contaminants and Potential Effects on Declining Red-Throated Loon Populations in Alaska: On-Refuge Investigations Sub-Activity, Final Report. 2006.
Copies available from Anchorage Fish & Wildlife Field Office....
Brominated Flame Retardants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, East Greenland, and Svalbard 2006. Environmental Science and Technology
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in adipose tissue of adult and subadult female polar bears sampled between 1999 and 2002 from sub-populations in Arctic Canada, eastern Greenland, and Svalbard, and in ma...
Temporal Trends of Perfluoroalkyl Contaminants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Two Locations in the North American Arctic, 1972-2002 2006. Environmental Science and Technology
Perfluoroalkyl substances are globally distributed anthropogenic contaminants. Their production and use have increased dramatically from the early 1980s. While many recent publications have reported concentrations of perfluor...
Implications of Water and Sediment Quality Distribution for Seagrass Restoration in West Bay of the St. Andrew Bay System. 2005. Florida Scientist
Seagrass losses have been reported for the area of St. Andrew Bay known as West Bay, in Bay County, Florida. Utilizing both field density observations and aerial photography extrapolation for 1953, 1964, 1980, and 1992 images...
Retrospective Ecotoxicological Data and Current Information Needs for Terrestrial Vertebrates Residing in Coastal Habitat of the United States. 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Contaminant Exposure and Effects - Terrestrial Vertebrates (CEE-TV) database was developed to conduct simple searches for ecotoxicological information, examine exposure trends, and identify significant data gaps. The CEE-...
The Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program: An Introduction 2005.
When hazardous substances enter the environment, fish, wildlife, and other natural resources can be injured. The Department of the Interior, along with State, Tribal and other Federal partners, act as "trustees" for these res...
Tumors in Catfish from the South River, Anne Arundel County, MD 2005.
The brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) is a species of catfish that lives in rivers, lakes, and ponds. In tidal waters, they can tolerate salinities up to about 15 parts per thousand (about half that of the ocean). Bull...
Using the Sediment Quality Triad to Characterize Toxic Conditions in the Chesapeake Bay (2002): An Assessment of Tidal River Segments in the Bohemia, Elk, Northeast and Severn Rivers 2005.
In 1999, the Chesapeake Bay Program Toxics Subcommittee characterized the tidal tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay for their potential for adverse effects due to chemical contamination. One finding was that, due to a paucity ...
Tumor Prevalence in Brown Bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus), from the South River, Anne Arundel County, MD 2005.
The South River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay flowing near Annapolis, Maryland. In March 2005, brown bullheads were collected in a fyke net set about 1.25 km downriver of the Route 50 Bridge. A total of 30 brown bull...
Contaminant Exposure and Reproductive Health of Sandhill Cranes in the Central Platte River Valley, Nebraska. 2005.
The central Platte River Valley provides crucial staging habitat for the endangered whooping crane (Grus americana) and the mid-continent population of sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis). Platte River flow depletions and the c...
A Survey of Elemental Contaminants and Organochlorines at North Platte National Wildlife Refuge, Nebraska, 1993. 2005.
The North Platte National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) is located 8 miles northeast of Scottsbluff, in Nebraska's Panhandle. It was established by Executive Order in 1916, and was managed by the Bureau of Reclamation (BR) until 1...
Assessment of contaminants associated with coal bed methane-produced water and its suitability for wetland creation or enhancement projects 2005.
Extraction of methane gas from coal seams has become a significant energy source in the Powder River Basin of northeastern Wyoming. In Wyoming, coalbed methane (CBM) gas is extracted by drilling wells into coal seams and re...
Water and sediment quality integrity survey of threatened and endangered freshwater mussel habitat in the Ochlockonee River basin. 2005.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) Freshwater Mussels Recovery Plan (USFWS 2003) called for the evaluation of freshwater mussel habitat in the Ochlockonee River of Florida and Georgia to identify areas with factors ...
Sediment quality survey of the Choctawhatchee Bay system in the Florida panhandle. 2005.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
AZ - Backwater Manipulations for Endangered Fishes: Management Implications of Selenium on National Wildlife Refuges of the Lower Colorado River: Final Report 2005.
Many studies have evaluated selenium in the lower Colorado River, but none have reviewed selenium levels after river water has been directed into previously isolated backwaters. Radtke et al. (1988) hypothesized that the sour...
Effects of Military Aircraft Chaff on Water Sources Available to Sonoroan Pronghorn 2005.
While the federally endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) population has plummeted on the Barry M. Goldwater Range in southwestern Arizona, biologists have questioned some range activities that may ...
Development of a Standardized Process for Ranking and Prioritizing Contaminants in the Contaminant Assessment Process. 2005.
This report describes work carried out under an interagency agreement between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) (IAG 1445-1A09-95- 0179) to evaluate the process for ranking and p...
An Environmental Quality Assessment of Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge 2005.
This study, Project ID No. 4N62, was initiated in September 2000. Habitat and fish community assessments were completed at seven sites in the Clarks River watershed in 2000. Composite young-of-year and whole-body fish and sed...
An Environmental Quality Assessment of Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge a component of the Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2005.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Potential impact of Dare County landfills on Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. 2005.
Runoff of leachate from East Lake and Dare County Construction and Demolition Debris landfills has the potential to impact wildlife resources at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Dare and Hyde Counties, North Carolina...
Toxicity of fluoride to the endangered unionid mussel, Alasmidonta raveneliana, and surrogate species. 2005.
The Appalacian elktoe (Alasmidonta raveneliana) is a federally-listed endangered unionid mussel whose range once included the Cumberland and Tennessee River drainages, but is now limited to the Tennessee River and its tributa...
Mercury in bird eggs from coastal Maine. 2005.
Maine's coastal islands and beaches provide important nesting habitat for piping plover (Charadrius melodus), least tern (Sterna antillarum), common tern (Sterna hirundo), Arctic tern (Sterna paradisaea), Atlantic puffin (Fra...
Secondary lead poisoning in Golden Eagle and Ferruginous Hawk chicks consuming shot Black-tailed Prairie Dogs, Thunder Basin National Grassland, Wyoming. 2005.
Recreational shooting of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) is a common activity at Thunder Basin National Grassland (TBNG), Wyoming. The prairie dog carcasses left in the area are scavenged by coyotes (Canis la...
Remediation and Bioremediation of Selenium-Contaminated Waters: In: Water Encyclopedia 2005.
Selenium (Se) is a trace element that occurs naturally in soils, water, biota, and food. It is nutritionally required, but Se in excess is toxic to aquatic-associated wildlife such as fish and birds. Exposure to Se primarily ...
Using the Sediment Triad to characterize toxic conditions in the Chesapeake Bay (2002): An assessment of tidal river segments in the Bohemia, Elk, Northeast, and Severn Rivers. 2005.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on Region 5 National Wildlife Refuges: 2004 year-end report. 2005.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Tumor prevalence in brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) from the South River, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. 2005.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Retention of Surgically Implanted Ultrasonic Transmitters in the Brown Bullhead Catfish 2005.
Our objective was to compare the ability of brown bullheads Ameiurus nebulosus to tolerate the implantation of ultrasonic transmitters with different coatings. A total of 14 brown bullheads were surgically implanted with ultr...
Brown Bullhead as an Indicator Species: Seasonal Movement Patterns and Home Ranges within the Anacostia River, Washington, D.C 2005.
Elevated liver and skin tumor prevalence has been reported in brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus from the tidal Anacostia River, Washington, D.C. Movement data are needed to effectively use tumor prevalence as an indicator of ...
EFFECTS OF CONTAMINANT EXPOSURE ON REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF OSPREYS (PANDION HALIAETUS) NESTING IN DELAWARE RIVER AND BAY, USA 2005. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Despite serious water-quality problems and pollutant loading and retention, Delaware River and Bay (USA) provide important wildlife habitat. In 2002, we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of contaminant exposure and reprodu...
Assessing Contaminant Sensitivity of Endangered and Threatened Aquatic Species: Part I. Acute Toxicity of Five Chemicals 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Assessment of contaminant impacts to federally identified endangered, threatened and candidate, and state-identified endangered species (collectively referred to as "listed" species) requires understanding of a species' sensi...
Assessing Contaminant Sensitivity of Endangered and Threatened Aquatic Species: Part III. Effluent Toxicity Tests 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Toxicity tests using standard effluent test procedures described by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency were conducted with Ceriodaphnia dubia, fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), and seven threatened and endangered (...
ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY THE SOURCE OF AVIAN VACUOLAR MYELINOPATHY FOR WATERBIRDS 2005.
Attempts were made to reproduce avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) in a number of test animals in order to determine the source of the causative agent for birds and to find a suitable animal model for future studies. Submerged...
Metals in water, sediments, and fish of the Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, 1987-1992. 2005.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Chlorinated, Brominated, and Perfluorinated Contaminants in Livers of Polar Bears from Alaska 2005. Environmental Science and Technology
The existence of two subpopulations of polar bears in Alaska, the Beaufort Sea and the Chukchi Sea populations, has been documented. In this study, differences in concentrations and profiles of organochlorine pesticides, poly...
Circumpolar Study of Perfluoroalkyl Contaminants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) 2005. Environmental Science and Technology
Perfluoroalkyl substances were determined in liver tissues and blood of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from five locations in the North American Arctic and two locations in the European Arctic. Concentrations of perfluorooctan...
Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and metabolites in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, Canada, East Greenland, and Svalbard: 1996-2002 2005. Science of The Total Environment
A suite of chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants (CHCs) including organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and by-products, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and methyl sulfone (MeSO2) PCB and p,p--dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,...
Small-scale captive breeding of a euryhaline pipefish. 2004. World Aquaculture
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Tumor Prevalence in Brown Bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) from Darby Creek, John Heinz NWR at Tinicum, Philadelphia, PA 2004.
The John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum (JHNWRT) is located along Darby Creek near its confluence with the Delaware River, south of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA). The Refuge hosts the largest freshwater tidal ...
Evaluation of Tumor Prevalence in Mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Delaware Estuary Watershed: Final Report 2004.
Environmental scientists and managers often use tumor surveys with freshwater, estuarine, and marine fish as indicators of habitat quality. In 2002-2004, we collected mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus, > 70 mm total length,...
Ecological Risk Assessment For Range 17 (Trap and Skeet Range): Patuxent Research Refuge, Laurel, Maryland 2004.
Patuxent Research Refuge (PRR) located in Laurel, Maryland (MD). The samples were analyzed for antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), copper (Cu), and lead (Pb) using a field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyzer. Antimony, As, a...
Environmental contaminants associated with swine concentrated animal feeding operation and implications for McMurtrey National Wildlife Refuge. 2004.
Waste generated by concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) may contain a variety of contaminants including nutrients, pathogens, trace elements, antibiotics, and hormones. In 2000, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service be...
Sediment Contaminants at Dillsboro Reservoir: Report on Site Assessment and Sediment Analyses.: Final Report 2004.
Potential removal of Dillsboro Dam, located on the Tuckasegee River near Sylva (Jackson County), North Carolina, has caused some concern for the potential mobilization of sediment-associated contaminants accumulated behind th...
Environmental contaminants in piping plover, least tern, and common tern eggs from coastal Maine - 2003 nesting season. 2004.
Maine's coastal islands and beaches provide important nesting habitat for piping plover (Charadrius melodus), least tern (Sterna antillarum), and common tern (Sterna hirundo). These species are managed and regularly monitor...
Contaminant Survey of Sunkhaze Stream and Baker Brook: Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Milford, Maine 2004.
In 1993 a screening-level contaminant survey was conducted on Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. Elevated levels of Total PCBs were found in Baker Brook sediment samples (0.78 mg/kg dw) and high chromium levels (> 1...
Could blackbird mortality from avicide DRC-1339 contribute to avain botulism outbreaks in North Dakota? 2004. Wildlife Society Bulletin
Blackbird (family lcteridae) depredation on sunflower (Helianthus annuus) crops in the prairie states of the United States has motivated the proposed use of an avicide, DRC-1339 (3-chloro-4-methylaniline), to decrease their n...
The phosphoria formation: A model for forecasting global selenium sources to the environment 2004. Handbook of Exploration and Environmental Geochemistry
Mining of the Permian Phosphoria Formation — a marine, oil-generating, phosphatic shale — provided the selenium (Se) source implicated in the recent deaths of livestock in southeast Idaho. Field studies and the geohydrologi...
Tumor Prevalence and Biomarkers of Exposure in Brown Bullhead ( Ameiurus nebulosus) from Back River, Furnace Creek, and Tuckahoe River, Maryland 2004. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) were collected from 2 locations near Baltimore, Maryland, Back River and Furnace Creek, and 1 (reference) location, Tuckahoe River, to compare the prevalence of tumors (liver and skin) and...
Contaminant Exposure and Reproductive Success of Ospreys ( Pandion haliaetus) Nesting in Chesapeake Bay Regions of Concern 2004. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Chesapeake Bay osprey population has more than doubled in size since restrictions were placed on the production and use of DDT and other toxic organochlorine contaminants in the 1970s. Ospreys are now nesting in the most ...
Ecological Risk Assessment for the Prime Hook Lead Pellet Site. 2004.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Chemical, toxicological, and ecological assessment of two tributaries at Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Patuxent River, MD. 2004.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on Region 5 National Wildlife Refuges: 2003 year-end report. 2004.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Tumor Prevalence in brown bullheads from Darby Creek, John Heinz NWR Philadelphia, PA. 2004.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Ecological Risk Assessment for Range 17 (Trap and Skeet Range) Patuxent Research Refuge, Laurel, MD.: USFWS and USEPA 2004.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
TUMOR PREVALENCE AND BIOMARKERS OF EXPOSURE AND RESPONSE IN BROWN BULLHEAD (AMEIURUS NEBULOSUS) FROM THE ANACOSTIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, DC AND TUCKAHOE RIVER, MARYLAND, USA 2004. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We evaluated liver and skin tumor prevalence and biomarkers of exposure and response in brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) from three locations in the Anacostia River (Washington, DC, USA), a Chesapeake Bay region of concern...
National abnormal amphibian study, FY 2002: National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, Annual Progress Report. U.S. Fish and Wildlfie Service Technical Report. 2004.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
National abnormal amphibian study, FY2001: National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, Annual Progress Report. 2004.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Concentrations of selected essential and non-essential elements in adult male polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska. 2004.
Copies available from Marine Mammals Management Office....
PCBs and chlorinated pesticides in adult male polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska. 2004.
Copies available from Marine Mammals Management Office. ...
Water Quality Survey Report for Potential Sea Grass Restoration in West Bay of the St. Andrew Bay System in Northwest Florida. 2003.
Seagrass losses have been reported for the area of St. Andrew Bay known as West Bay, in Bay County, Florida. Utilizing both field density observations and aerial photography extrapolation for 1953, 1964, 1980 and 1992 images,...
Sediment Contamination Survey on St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. 2003. Florida Scientist
A survey was conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to assess habitat quality on the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Sediment samples were collected at 32 sites within (n = 14) or north (n = 18) of the NWR....
A survey of dioxin and furan compounds in sediments of Florida Panhandle Bay systems. 2003. Marine Pollution Bulletin
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Evaluation of Endocrine Disrupting Effects in Potomac River Fish 2003.
The Potomac River estuary, the second largest tributary to Chesapeake Bay, is an important nursery and spawning area for both migratory and resident fish species of commercial and recreational importance. The objective of t...
Investigation of Fish Tissue Contaminant Concentrations at Painted Turtle Pond, Occoquan Bay NWR, Woodbridge, VA: Final Report 2003.
Painted Turtle Pond is a 1.1-hectare (2.7-acre) man-made pond located on the Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Woodbridge, Virginia. This 234-hectare (579-acre) refuge is part of the Potomac River NWR Complex. Th...
Angler Alert: Fishing Line Can Kill! 2003.
Ospreys are very tolerant of humans and will fish and nest close to populated communities. They often line their nests with a variety of natural and manmade materials. Some of the manmade materials ospreys pick up include...
Contaminant Assessment Process Report for Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge 2003.
The Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends (BEST) program identifies and evaluates the effects of environmental contaminants on lands and biological resources managed by the Department of the Interior (DOI). The p...
Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and Sarcocystis canis-like infections in marine mammals 2003. Veterinary Parasitology
Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and S. canis are related protozoans that can cause mortality in many species of domestic and wild animals. Recently, T. gondii and S. neurona were recognized to caus...
Influence of instream physical habitat and water quality on the survival and occurrence of the endangered Cape Fear shiner.: Master's Thesis 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
An Environmental Quality Assessment of Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Factors Affecting Food Chain Transfer of Mercury in the Vicinity of the Nyanza Site, Sudbury River, Massachusetts 2003.
The influence of the Nyanza Chemical Waste Dump Superfund Site on the Sudbury River, Massachusetts, was assessed by analysis of sediment, fish prey organisms, and predator fish from four locations in the river system. Whiteha...
Evaluating the Health of Our National Wildlife Refuges: Amphibian Abnormalities 2003.
Reason for Concern The Service helps conserve habitat through the National Wildlife Refuge System (Refuges), the world’s largest and most diverse collection of lands set aside specifically for the conservation of wildlife. T...
Investigation of Frog Abnormalities on National Wildlife Refuges in the Northeast U.S. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Water and Sediment from National Wildlife Refuge Sites Using a Modified Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay- Xenopus (FETAX) 2003.
Over the past five years, comprehensive annual surveys by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) personnel have identified sites with a high prevalence of abnormal native amphibians. A number of these sites are located within...
Concentrations of metals in feathers and blood of nestling black-crowned nightherons (Nycticorax nycticorax) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. 2003. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Multiple Stressor Effects in Relation to Declining Amphibian Populations: A Wingspread Workshop summary. 2003.
Numerous studies have documented the decline of amphibian populations over the past decade and no single factor has been the linked to these widespread declines. Determining the causes of declining amphibian populations world...
Determination of Malathion Aerial Drift and Associated Effects to the Endangered Wyoming Toad (Bufo baxteri) Using Surrogate Woodhouse's Toads (Bufo woodhousii) at Mortenson and Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuges and Potential Reintroduction Sites 2003.
The endangered Wyoming toad is confined to Mortenson National Wildlife Refuge in southeast Wyoming. Pesticide aerial drift from mosquito control activities adjacent to the refuge may be partially responsible for the toad's de...
Multiple stressors and declining amphibian populations: An integrated analysis of cause-effect to support adaptive resource management. 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Epilogue: Scientific direction, recommendations, and habitat restoration. 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Evaluation of endocrine disrupting effects in Potomac River fish. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of abnormalities in frogs on Region 5 National Wildlife Refuges: 2002 year-end report 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Evaluating the potential water quality impacts of Animal Feeding Operations on National Wildlife Refuges on the Delmarva Peninsula. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Investigation of fish contaminant concentrations at Painted Turtle Pond, Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Woodbridge, VA. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Assessing the bioavailability of organic contaminants in the Anacostia River using semipermeable membrane devices and filter-feeding clams. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Contaminant monitoring in the Kingman Lake Restored Wetland, Washington, DC. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Methodological refinements in the determination of 146 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including non-ortho and monoortho substituted PCBs,: and 26 organochlorine pesticides as demonstrated in heron eggs. 2003.
A method for the determination of 146 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including four non-ortho- and eight mono-ortho-substituted congeners, and 26 chlorinated pesticides is described. The method consists of ultrasonic extra...
Summary of Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Projects at the Cleveland Mill. 2003.
Located in the headwaters of a small tributary of Little Walnut Creek, 5.5 miles north of Sliver City, in Grant County, New Mexico is the Cleveland Mill Superfund Site. This Site is an abandoned lead, zinc and copper mine an...
Vacuolar myelinopathy in waterfowl from a North Carolina impoundment. 2003. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Vacuolar myelinopathy was confirmed by light and electron microscopic examination of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), ring-necked ducks (Aythya collaris), and buffleheads (Bucephala albeola) collected during an epizootic at Lak...
Water quality guidance for protection of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) from ammonia exposure. 2003. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Ammonia toxicity data for freshwater mussels (Unionidae), a significantly imperiled taxa, were used to derive estimates of concentrations that would not likely be harmful in acute and chronic exposures and to assess the prote...
Lipophilic organic compounds in lake sediment and American coot (Fulica americana) tissues, both affected and unaffected by avian vacuolar myelinopathy. 2003. Science of The Total Environment
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) is a disease of unknown etiology, which has been diagnosed in a variety of birds from surface water reservoirs in the southeastern United States. Pathology suggests a natural or anthropogenic...
Failure to Transmit Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy to Mallard Ducks 2003. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) is a neurologic disease that has been diagnosed in free-ranging birds in the southeastern United States. Bald eagles (Haliaeetus leuocephalus), American coots (Fulica americana), and mal...
Sediment Contamination Survey on St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. 2002.
A survey was conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to assess habitat quality on the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Sediment samples were collected at 32 sites within (n = 14) or north (n = 18) of the NWR....
Survey of Dioxin and Furan Compounds in Sediments of Florida Panhandle Bay Systems. 2002.
A sediment quality survey was conducted in the Florida Panhandle (Panhandle) over a period of 10 years (1992 to 2001). The survey examined which dioxin and furan compounds may be present in sediments of the bay systems, their...
Assessment of Toxicity Reduction in Wastewater Effluent Flowing Through a Treatment Wetland Using Pimephales promelas , Ceriodaphnia dubia , and Vibrio fischeri 2002. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Effluent toxicity is regularly assessed with Ceriodaphnia dubia short-term chronic and Vibrio fischeri toxicity tests. Condition factor and hemotocrit of fish have recently been used to assess fish health following exposure t...
Determination of impacts on the endangered Wyoming toad (Bufo baxteri) at Mortenson National Wildlife Refuge from ammonium nitrate concentrations. 2002.
The endangered Wyoming toad (Bufo baxteri) is a glacial relict species confined to the Laramie Plains of southeastern Wyoming. Once common in the area, it declined dramatically in the 1970's and was subsequently listed unde...
Oil Field Produced Water Discharges into Wetlands in Wyoming. 2002.
Department of Environmental Quality's (WDEQ) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program. Wyoming is one of a few states that allows the discharge of oil field produced water into surface waters f...
Organochlorine compounds and mercury in bald eagle eggs, Penobscot River, Maine. 2002.
Four bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) eggs from three nests on the Penobscot River, Maine, were analyzed for organochlorine contaminants and mercury. Eggs were collected in June 2000 within two weeks of nest abandonmen...
Water Quality Issues as Potential Limiting Factors Affecting Juvenile Atlantic Salmon Life Stages in Maine Rivers: A Report to the Maine Atlantic Salmon Technical Advisory Committee 2002.
The Signatories to the Maine Atlantic Salmon Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), in a letter to the TAC chair, requested guidance to resolve the issue whether water quality issues are a concern for the management of Atlanti...
Sublethal effects in avocet and stilt hatchlings from selenium-contaminated sites 2002. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Excess selenium (Se) in the aquatic food chain is embryotoxic and teratogenic to avocets, stilts, and other waterbirds. American avocet (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) eggs were collect...
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy: A newly recognized fatal neurologic disease of eagles, waterfowl, and other birds. 2002. Tideline: A Quarterly Publication by the San
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Epizootiologic studies of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in waterbirds. 2002. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Epizootic avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) was first recognized as a neurologic disease in bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and American coots (Fulica americana) in Arkansas, USA in 1994 and 1996, respectively, but a...
Harlequin Duck Population Recovery Following the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Progress, Process and Constraints 2002.
ABSTRACT: Following the 1989 'Exxon Valdez' oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, we studied the status of recovery of harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus populations during 1995 to 1998. We evaluated potential cons...
Elemental and organochlorine residues in bald eagles from Adak Island, Alaska. 2002. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Adak Island is a remote island in the Aleutian Island archipelago of Alaska (USA) and home to various military activities since World War II. To assess the contaminant burden of one of Adak Island's top predators, livers and ...
Environmental contaminants in four eider species from Alaska and arctic Russia. 2002.
Population declines in four species of eider; common (Somateria mollissima), king (Somateria spectabilis), spectacled (Somateria fischeri) and Steller's (Polysticta stelleri), have raised concerns about exposure to contaminan...
National malformed amphibian study, FY2000: Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Annual Progress Report 2002.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Contaminants in arctic snow collected over Northwest Alaskan sea ice. 2002. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
Snow cores were collected over sea ice from four northwest Alaskan Arctic estuaries that represented the annual snowfallfrom the 1995–1996 season. Dissolved trace metals, major cationsand anions, total mercury, and organochl...
Water quality, and metal and metalloid concentrations in water, sediment, and fish tissues from Innoko National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. 1995-1997. 2002.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in polar bear, penguin and south polar skua. 2002. Environmental Pollution
Concentrations of 2378-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (DFs) and non- and mono-ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) were measured in livers of polar bears from th...
Alaska - At Risk. In: The Foundation for Global Action on Persistent Organic Pollutants: A United States Perspective. 2002.
This technical support document is aimed at informing decision makers, general academia, and the public on the scientific foundation and relevance to the United States of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Polluta...
Clinical features of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in American coots 2002. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Description or Abstract Not Available...
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Last updated: February 13, 2013