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Document Title:

Migratory Bird Mortality in Oilfield Wastewater Disposal Facilities

AUTHOR(S):


PAGES:
1

PUBLICATION DATE: May 2009

ABSTRACT:
Commercial and centralized oil field wastewater disposal facilities (COWDFs), pose a significant risk to migratory birds and other wildlife because they use large evaporation ponds (either passive or with aeration) to dispose of and treat oil and gas exploration and production wastes. An estimated 500,000 to 1 million birds are lost annually throughout the United States in oil field production skim pits and COWDFs.

PUBLISHED BY:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

DOCUMENT LINK:
http://www.fws.gov/contaminants/Documents/COWDFBirdMortality.pdf, 2 MB

ADDITIONAL LINKS:

Mountain-Prairie Region Environmental Contaminants site

Last updated: February 13, 2013