Mortality of passerines adjacent to a North Carolina corn field treated with granular carbofuran.
Tom Augspurger Carol U. Meteyer Kathryn A. Converse M. R. Smith
113 - 116
Red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) were collected during an epizootic in southeastern North Carolina (USA). Activity of brain cholinesterase (ChE) was inhibited by 14 to 48% in three of five specimens, and returned to normal levels after incubation. Gastrointestinal tracts were analyzed for 30 anti-ChE agents. Carbofuran, the only compound detected, was present in all specimens at levels from 5.44 to 72.7 µg/g wet weight. Application of granular carbofuran in an adjacent corn field, results of necropsy examinations, and chemical analyses are consistent with a diagnosis of carbofuran poisoning in these specimens.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Wildlife Disease Association
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Raliegh, North Carolina, Ecological Services Field Office