Vacuolar myelinopathy in waterfowl from a North Carolina impoundment.
Tom Augspurger N. J. Thomas Tonie E. Rocke John R. Fischer L. Sileo Roger E. Brannian Kimberli J.G. Miller
412 - 417
Vacuolar myelinopathy was confirmed by light and electron microscopic examination of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), ring-necked ducks (Aythya collaris), and buffleheads (Bucephala albeola) collected during an epizootic at Lake Surf in central North Carolina (USA) between November 1998 and February 1999. Clinical signs of affected birds were consistent with central nervous system impairment of motor function (incoordination, abnormal movement and posture, weakness, paralysis). This is the first report of this disease in wild waterfowl.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Wildlife Disease Association
http://www.fws.gov/contaminants/Library/jwdi_39_221.pdf, 2 MB
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Raliegh, North Carolina, Ecological Services Field Office