Coastal Program
Habitat and Resource Conservation
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Farm Bill

Our Conservation Challenge

Great blue heronMore than 50% of the Nation’s wetlands have been destroyed, more than 70% of the Nation’s riparian habitats have been lost or significantly degraded, and 95% of our tall grass prairie and longleaf pine forests have been lost. Further, less than 2% of the Nation’s rivers remain free flowing. These are just a few examples of habitat types impacted by human activities as we live, work, and build our economy. Consequences of habitat loss include decreases in wildlife populations and many other natural, social, and economic impacts and, ultimately, a decreased quality of life.

To meet these challenges, we work with a myriad of other Federal and non-Federal partners. In particular, we work closely with USDA’s Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and Farm Service Agency (FSA) to help deliver a variety of conservation programs of the Farm Bill.

We also work closely with other Service programs to help implement national plans such as the North American Waterfowl Management Plan, North American Landbird Conservation Plan, U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan, North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, National Fisheries Strategic Plan, National Wildlife Refuge System Strategic Plan, Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plans, Partners in Flight, and Endangered Species Habitat Conservation and Recovery plans. Because of these and related experiences, our Program will become increasingly active in integrated Trust Resource conservation planning that will provide for Service-wide integrated management strategies for fish and wildlife conservation. Likewise, in this era of cooperative conservation, we will continue to provide biological and technical expertise to other Federal agencies to complement their habitat initiatives, as well as to states in implementing State Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Plans.

The success of the Program relies on building trust and credibility with our partners. We achieve this by providing accurate information and being available to assist our partners in a timely manner, by leveraging resources, and by helping implement cost-efficient and effective projects. Our staff is experienced at helping people come together to forge and implement collaborative solutions that meet local and regional needs for fish and wildlife stewardship.

Farm Bill Conservation Benefits to Fish and Wildlife

This report documents that Farm Bill conservation programs are widely utilized by agricultural producers and are delivering numerous and substantial conservation benefits. Benefits to fish and wildlife accrue directly from practices targeted towards these species as well as through indirect benefits such as reductions in sedimentation, establishment of habitat through practices not specifically targeting wildlife, and similar effects.

Click on the following links to get a PDF copy of the report produced by The Wildlife Society. Please note that these are large files and may take several minutes to download depending on your internet connection.

Fish and Wildlife Benefits of Farm Bill Conservation Programs 2000-2006 Update DocumentCover and Executive Summary (10 MB) PDF
Chapters 1 to 5 (12 MB) PDF
Chapters 6 to 10 (10 MB) PDF
Chapters 11 to 13 (7 MB) PDF


Farm Bill

National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Grants


Coastal Strategic Plan

Estuary Restoration Act


Resource Benefits

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Last updated: September 14, 2009
Fisheries and Habitat Conservation
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