Pacific Southwest Region
California, Nevada and Klamath Basin

Five Year Reviews

If you are unable to access any of the information contained on our site, please contact us. Your request will be referred to the appropriate program for assistance. Please indicate the nature of the accessibility need, your preferred format (electronic format, print, etc.) the web address of the requested material, and your full contact information so we can reach you if questions arise while fulfilling your request.

Our contact mailing address
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
2800 Cottage Way, Suite W-2606
Sacramento, Calif., 95825
Phone: 916-414-6464
Fax: 916-414-6486
Email: cno@fws.gov

The following documents are in portable document format (pdf) and require use Adobe Acrobat Reader software which is available free from the Adobe website.

Completed 5-Year Reviews

May 17, 2010

Office
Species
Current Status
Recommendation
Carlsbad FWO Coachella Valley milk-vetch Endangered No status change
Sacramento FWO Blunt-nosed leopard lizard Endangered No status change
  Calistoga allocarya Endangered No status change
  Clover lupine Endangered No status change
  Fresno kangaroo rat Endangered No status change
  Giant kangaroo rat Endangered No status change
  Mission blue butterfly Endangered No status change
  Salt marsh harvest mouse Endangered No status change
  San Bruno elfin butterfly Endangered No status change
  San Joaquin kit fox Endangered No status change
  Tipton kangaroo rat Endangered No status change
  Napa bluegrass Endangered No status change
  Slender orcutt grass Threatened No status change
Ventura CWO Owen's tui chub Endangered No status change
  California seablite Endangered No status change
  Santa Monica Mountains dudleya Threatened No status change
  Island bedstraw Endangered No status change
  Monterey clover Endangered No status change
  Nipomo Mesa lupine Endangered No status change
  Ohlone tiger beetle Endangered No status change
  Robust spineflower Endangered No status change
  Scotts Valley spineflower Endangered No status change
  California tiger salamander - Santa Barbara DPS Endangered No status change
  Scotts Valley polygonum Endangered No status change
Nevada FWO Ash Meadows Amargosa pupfish Endangered No status change
  White River spinedace Endangered No status change

October 20, 2009

Office
Species
Current Status
Recommendation
Carlsbad FWO Quino checkerspot butterfly Endangered No status change
  Mexican flannelbush Endangered No status change
  Nevin's barberry Endangered No status change
  San Bernadino Merriam's kangaroo rat Endangered No status change
  Triple-ribbed milk-vetch Endangered No status change
  Cushenbury buckwheat Endangered No status change
  Cushenbury milk-vetch Endangered No status change
  Chushenbury oxytheca Endangered No status change
  Parish's daisy Threatened No status change
  Salt marsh bird's-beak Endangered No status change
  San Bernadino Mountains bladderpod Endangered No status change
  San Clemente sage sparrow Threatened No status change
  Thread-leaved brodiaea Threatened No status change
  San Diego thornmint Threatened No status change
  Light-footed clapper rail Endangered No status change
  Spreading navarretia Threatened No status change
  Desert slender salamander Endangered No status change
  Munz's onion Endangered No status change
  Otay tarplant Threatened No status change
  San Clemente loggerhead shrike Endangered No status change
Sacramento FWO Bay checkerspot butterfly Threatened Uplist to Endangered
  Callippe silverspot butterfly Endangered No status change
  Clara Hunt's milk-vetch Endangered No status change
  Lock Lomond coyote thistle Endangered No status change
  Pitkin Marsh lily Endangered No status change
  Shasta crayfish Endangered No status change
  Springville clarkia Threatened No status change
  White sedge Endangered No status change
  Hairy Orcutt grass Endangered No status change
  Kenwood Marsh checkermallow Endangered No status change
  Lake County stonecrop Endangered No status change
  Palmate-bracted bird's-eak Endangered No status change
Ventura FWO Arroyo toad Endangered Downlist to Threatened
  Marscescent dudleya Threatened No status change
  Pismo clarkia Endangered No status change
  San Benito evening-primrose Threatened No status change
  Santa Cruz cypress Endangered Downlist to Threatened
  Verity's dudleya Threatened No status change
  Santa Cruz Island fringepod Endangered No status change
  Mount Hermon June beetle Endangered No status change
  Zayante band-winged grasshopper Endangered No status change
  Yadon's piperia Endangered No status change
  Santa Cruz Island dudleya Threatened No status change
  Hoffmann's slender-flowered gilia Endangered No status change
  Unarmored threespine stickleback Endangered No status change
  Santa Cruz long-toed salamander Endangered No status change
Nevada FWO Railroad Valley springfish Threatened No status change
  Ash Meadows milk-vetch Threatened No status change
  Spring-loving centaury Threatened No status change
Klamath Falls FWO Modoc sucker Endangered Downlist to Threatened

May 15, 2009

Office Species Current Status Recommendation
Arcata FWO Western Lily Endangered No status change
April 8, 2009
Office
Species
Current Status
Recommendation
Arcata FWO Point Arena mountain beaver Endangered No status change
Klamath Falls FWO Applegate's milk-vetch Endangered No status change
Nevada FWO Lahontan cutthroat trout Threatened No status change
  Steamboat buckwheat Endangered No status change
Sacramento FWO Delta green ground beetle Threatened No status change
  Hoover's spurge Threatened No status change
  Large-flowered fiddleneck Endangered No status change
  Many-flowered navarretia Endangererd No status change
  Myrtles's silverspot butterfly Endangered No status change
  Soft bird's beak Endangered No status change
  Solano grass Endangered No status change
  Suisun thistle Endangered No status change
Ventura FWO Amargosa vole Endangered No status change
  Braunton's milk-vetch Endangered No status change
  Coastal dunes milk-vetch Endangered No status change
  Conejo dudleya Threatened No status change
  Fish slough milk-vetch Threatened No status change
  Hickman's potentilla Endangered no status change
  Indian Knob mountain balm Endangered Downlist
  Mohave tui chub Endangered No status change
  Monterey spineflower Threatened No status change
  Owens pupfish Endangered No status change

October 8, 2008

Office
Species
Current Status
Recommendation
Carlsbad FWO Peirson’s milk-vetch Threatened No status change
  Riverside fairy shrimp Endangered No status change
  San Bernardino bluegrass Endangered No status change
  San Diego fairy shrimp Endangered No status change
Sacramento FWO Burke’s goldfields Endangered No status change
  Contra Costa goldfields Endangered No status change
  Sebastopol meadowfoam Endangered No status change
  Sonoma sunshine Endangered No status change
Ventura FWO Inyo California towhee Threatened Delist
  Lyon’s pentachaeta Endangered No status change
  Purple amole Threatened No status change
  Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep Endangered No status change

September 10, 2008

Office
Species
Current Status
Recommendation
Arcata FWO Menzies’ wallflower Endangered No status change
Carlsbad FWO Vail Lake ceanothus Threatened No status change
Nevada FWO Independence Valley speckled dace Endangered No status change
Nevada FWO Paiute cutthroat trout Threatened No status change
Sacramento FWO Antioch Dunes evening-primrose Endangered No status change
Butte County meadowfoam Endangered No status change
Colusa grass Threatened No status change
Contra Costa wallflower Endangered No status change
Few-flowered navarretia Endangered No status change
Lange’s metalmark butterfly Endangered No status change
Sacramento Orcutt grass Endangered No status change
Ventura FWO Ben Lomond wallflower Endangered No status change
Island barberry Endangered No status change
Island phacelia Endangered No status change
Lane Mountain milk-vetch Endangered Downlist
Marsh sandwort Endangered No status change

May 12, 2008

Office

Species

Current Status

Recommendation

Arcata FWO

Behrens' silverspot butterfly

Endangered

No status change recommended

Carlsbad FWO

Ash-grey (Indian) paintbrush

Threatened

No status change recommended

 

Bear Valley sandwort

Threatened

No status change recommended

 

California taraxacum

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

Delhi Sands flower-loving fly

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

El Segundo blue butterfly

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

Palos Verdes blue butterfly

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

San Clemente Island larkspur

Endangered

Recommend downlisting

 

San Jacinto Valley crownscale

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

Southern mountain buckwheat

Threatened

No status change recommended

 

Willowy monardella

Endangered

No status change recommended

Ventura FWO

Gowen cypress

Threatened

No status change recommended

 

Monterey gilia

Endangered

No status change recommended

 

Morro manzanita

Threatened

No status change recommended

 

Summary of 39 species in California, Nevada, and southern Oregon for which 5-year reviews were completed in FY 2007 and early FY 2008.

Common name

Scientific name

Recommendation

Lead Fish and Wildlife Office

Contact

ANIMALS

 

 

 

 

Brown pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis

Delist

Region 2

Steve Chambers at
(505) 248-6658

California freshwater shrimp

Syncaris pacifica

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Conservancy fairy shrimp

Branchinecta conservatio

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Kern primrose sphinx moth

Euproserpinus euterpe

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Laguna Mountains skipper

Pyrgus ruralis lagunae

No status change

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

Longhorn fairy shrimp

Branchinecta longiantenna

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Lost River sucker

Deltistes luxatus

Downlist

Klamath Falls

Curt Mullis at (541) 885-8481

Lotis blue butterfly

Lycaeides argyrognomon lotis

No status change

Arcata

 

Shortnose sucker

Chasmistes brevirostris

No status change

Klamath Falls

Curt Mullis at (541) 885-8481

Tidewater goby

Eucyclogobius newberryi

Downlist

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Vernal pool fairy shrimp

Branchinecta lynchi

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Vernal pool tadpole shrimp

Lepidurus packardi

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

PLANTS

 

 

 

 

Amargosa niterwort

Nitrophila mohavensis

No status change

Nevada

Jeannie Stafford at (775) 861-6300

Ash Meadows gumplant

Grindelia fraxino-pratensis

N status change

Nevada

Jeannie Stafford at (775) 861-6300

Ben Lomond spineflower

Chorizanthe pungens var. hartwegiana

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Catalina Island mountain mahogany

Cercocarpus traskiae

No status change

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

Chinese Camp brodiaea

Brodiaea pallida

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Chorro Creek bog thistle

Cirsium fontinale var. obispoense

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Eureka dunegrass

Swallenia alexandrae

Delist

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Eureka Valley evening primrose

Oenothera avita ssp. eurekensis

Delist

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Greene’s tuctoria

Tuctoria greenei

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Hartweg’s golden sunburst

Pseudobahia bahiifolia

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Hoffman’s rock-cress

Arabis hoffmannii

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Howell’s spineflower

Chorizanthe howellii

No status change

Arcata

Randy Brown at (707) 822-7201

Keck’s checkermallow

Sidalcea keckii

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Mariposa pussypaws

Calyptridium pulchellum

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Orcutt’s spineflower

Chorizanthe orcuttiana

No status change

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

Red Hills vervain

Verbena californica

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

San Clemente Island broom

Lotus dendroideus ssp. traskiae

Downlist

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

San Clemente Island bushmallow

Malacothamnus clementinus

Downlist

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

San Clemente Island paintbrush

Castilleja grisea

Downlist

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

San Clemente Island woodland star

Lithophragma maximum

No status change

Carlsbad

Jane Hendron at
(760) 431-9440

San Joaquin adobe sunburst

Pseudobahia peirsonii

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Santa Barbara Island live-forever

Dudleya traskiae

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Santa Cruz Island bushmallow

Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticus

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Santa Rosa Island manzanita

Arctostaphylos confertiflora

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Showy Indian clover

Trifolium amoenum

No status change

Sacramento

Al Donner at (916) 414-6600

Soft-leaved paintbrush

Castilleja mollis

No status change

Ventura

Lois Grunwald at (805) 644-1766

Yreka phlox

Phlox hirsuta

No status change

Yreka

Matt Baun or Nadine Kanim at (530) 842-5763

Initiated Reviews
Active reviews have also been initiated for 58 species listed in Table 1 below.

Summary of listing information, 27 Wildlife Species and 31 Plant Species in California and Nevada.

Common name

Scientific name

Status

Where listed

Final listing rule

ANIMALS

Amargosa vole

Microtus californicus scirpensis

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

49 FR 45160;
11/15/1984

Arroyo (=arroyo southwestern) toad

Bufo californicus

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA), Mexico

59 FR 64859;
12/16/1994

Ash Meadows naucorid

Ambrysus amargosus

Threatened

U.S.A. (NV)

50 FR 20777; 05/20/1985

Bay checkerspot butterfly

Euphydryas editha bayensis

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

52 FR 35366; 09/18/1987

Big Spring spinedace

Lepidomeda mollispinis pratensis

Threatened

U.S.A. (NV)

50 FR 12298;  03/28/1995

Callippe silverspot butterfly

Speyeria callippe callippe

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 64306; 12/05/1997

Carson wandering skipper

Pseudocopaeodes eunus obscurus

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA, NV)

67 FR 51116; 08/07/2002

Coastal California gnatcatcher

Polioptila californica californica

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA);  Mexico

58 FR 16742; 03/30/1993

Desert tortoise, Mojave population

Gopherus agassizii

Threatened

U.S.A., except in Sonoran Desert.

55 FR 12178; 04/02/1990

Light-footed clapper rail

Rallus longirostris levipes

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970

Mission blue butterfly

Icaricia icarioides missionensis

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

41 FR 22041; 06/01/1976

Mount Hermon June beetle

Polyphylla barbata

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 3616;
1/24/1997

Mohave tui chub

Gila bicolor mohavensis

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

35 FR 16047;
10/13/1970

Myrtle’s silverspot butterfly

Speyeria zerene myrtleae

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

57 FR 27848; 06/22/1992

Owen’s pupfish

Cyprinodon radiosus

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

32 FR 4001;
3/11/1967

Owen’s tui chub

Gila bicolor snyderi

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

50 FR 31592;
08/05/1985

Pahranagat roundtail chub

Gila robusta jordani

Endangered

U.S.A. (NV)

35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970

Point Arena mountain beaver

Aplodontia rufa nigra

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

56 FR 64716; 12/12/1991

Quino checkerspot butterfly

Euphydryas editha quino (wrighti)

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA);  Mexico

62 FR 2313; 01/16/1997

San Bruno elfin butterfly

Callophrys mossii bayensis

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

41 FR 22041; 06/01/1976

San Bernardino kangaroo rat

Dipodomys merriami parvus

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

63 FR 51005; 09/24/1998

San Clemente sage sparrow

Amphispiza belli clementeae

Threatened

U.S.A (CA)

42 FR 40682; 08/11/1977

Santa Cruz long-toed salamander

Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

32 FR 4001;
3/11/1967

Salt marsh harvest mouse

Reithrodontomys raviventris

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970

Shasta crayfish

Pacifastacus fortis

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

53 FR 38465; 09/30/1988

Unarmored threespine stickleback

Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

35 FR 16047;
10/13/1970

Zayante band-winged grasshopper

Trimerotropis infantilis

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 3616;
01/24/1997

PLANTS

 

 

 

 

Ash Meadows milk-vetch

Astragalus phoenix

Threatened

U.S.A. (NV)

50 FR 20777; 05/20/1985

Calistoga allocarya

Plagiobothrys strictus

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997

Clara Hunt’s milk-vetch

Astragalus clarianus

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997

Clover lupine

Lupinus tidestromii

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

57 FR 27848;
06/22/1992

Coastal dunes milk-vetch

Astragalus tener var. titi

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

63 FR 43100;
8/12/1998

Conejo dudleya

Dudleya abramsii ssp. parva

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 4172;
01/29/1997

Cushenberry buckwheat

Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

59 FR 43652; 08/24/1994

Cushenberry milk-vetch

Astragalus albens

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

59 FR 43652; 08/24/1994

Cushenberry oxytheca

Acanthoscyphus (Oxytheca) parishii var. goodmaniana

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

59 FR 43652; 08/24/1994

Fleshy owl’s-clover

Castilleja campestris ssp. succulenta

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 14338; 03/26/1997

Hickman’s potentilla

Potentilla hickmanii

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

63 FR 43100;
08/12/1998

Ione buckwheat (incl.Irish Hill)

Eriogonum apricum (incl. var. prostratum)

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

64 FR 28403; 0526/1999

Ione manzanita

Arctostaphylos myrtifolia

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

64 FR 28403; 0526/1999

Kenwood Marsh checkermallow

Sidalcea oregano ssp. valida

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997

Large-flowered fiddleneck

Amsinckia grandiflora

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

50 FR 54791; 10/22/1997

Marcescent dudleya

Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescens

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 4172;
01/29/1997

Napa bluegrass

Poa napensis

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997

Nevin’s barberry

Berberis nevinii

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA);  Mexico

63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998

Parish’s daisy

Erigeron parishii

Threatened

U.S.A (CA)

59 FR 43652; 08/24/1994

Peirson’s milk-vetch

Astragalus magdalenae var. peirsonii

Threatened

U.S.A (CA)

63 FR 53596; 10/06/1998

Pitkin Marsh lily

Lilium pardalinum ssp. pitkinense

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997

San Bernardino Mountains bladderpod

Physaria (Lesquerella) kingii

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

59 FR 43652; 08/24/1994

San Diego thornmint

Acanthomintha ilicifolia

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA);  Mexico

63 FR 54937; 10/13/1998

Santa Monica Mountains dudleya

Dudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifolia

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 4172;
01/29/1997

Tiburon jewelflower

Streptanthus niger

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995

Tiburon mariposa lily

Calochortus tiburonensis

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995

Tiburon paintbrush

Castilleja affinis ssp. neglecta

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

60 FR 6671; 02/03/1995

Triple-ribbed milk-vetch

Astragalus tricarinatus

Endangered

U.S.A (CA)

63 FR 53596; 10/06/1998

Verity’s dudleya

Dudleya verityi

Threatened

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 4172; 01/29/1997

Western lily

Lilium occidentale

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA, OR)

59 FR 42171; 08/17/1994

White sedge

Carex albida

Endangered

U.S.A. (CA)

62 FR 55791; 10/22/1997