Chesapeake Bay Field Office
Northeast Region

Plant List for Trap Pond State Park BayScape

Common Names

Scientific Name

Plant Type(s)

Height

Flower
Period

Flowers

Fruit Color/
Type

Notes

arrow arum

Peltandra virginica

Herbaceous Emergent

2'

Apr-Jul

green to white

green or black

globular head of berries enclosed in green leathery case, curved downward

beardtongue, foxglove beardtongue, tall white beardtongue

Penstemon digitalis

Herbaceous

2-5'

Jun-Aug

white or faintly purple

capsule

tolerates poor drainage; variety of cultivars

black cohosh, black snakeroot, fairy candles

Cimicifuga racemosa

Herbaceous

2.5-8.5'

Jun-Sep

white

pod

 

blazingstar, gayfeather, spiked blazing star

Liatris spicata

Herbaceous, Grass/Grasslike

1-6.5'

Jul-Aug

rose-purple or white

capsule

 

blue flag

Iris versicolor

Herbaceous Emergent, Herbaceous, Grass/Grasslike

3'

May-Jun

blue

green to brown, capsule

 

blue vervain, simpler's joy

Verbena hastata

Herbaceous, Herbaceous Emergent

1.5-5'

Jun-Oct

blue to purple

nut/nut-like

bright flowers; herbal uses

blueberry, highbush blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum

Shrub, Medium

6-12'

Apr-Jun

white or pink-tinged

blue to black, berry

edible berries commonly cultivated

blue-eyed grass, coastal blue-eyed grass, eastern blue-eyed grass

Sisyrinchium atlanticum

Herbaceous, Grass/Grasslike

0.5-2.5'

May-Jul

blue-violet

capsule

leaves grasslike, more slender than S. angustifolium

butterflyweed, butterfly milkweed, butterfly flower

Asclepias tuberosa

Herbaceous

1-3'

May-Jul

orange

pod

taproot does not transplant well but seedlings do; attractive seed pod

cardinal flower

Lobelia cardinalis

Herbaceous, Herbaceous Emergent

2-4'

Jul-Oct

red

 

long bloom time; biennial, must reseed

Christmas fern

Polystichum acrostichoides

Fern

0.5-2'

-

 

 

grows in clumps; easily grown in rock gardens and shaded places; impartial to soil type

duck potato, arrowhead, broadleaf arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

Herbaceous Emergent

0.5-4'

Jul-Sep

white

green, achene (dry, flat seed)

 

evergreen wood fern, marginal shield fern, evergreen shield fern

Dryopteris marginalis

Fern

1-3'

-

 

 

clump-former; attractive; easily transplanted

false Solomon's seal

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum  (Smilacina racemosa)

Herbaceous

1-3.5'

May-Jul

white

red, berry

flowers in plume-like clumps at tip of stem; herbal uses

golden aster, Maryland golden aster

Chrysopsis mariana

Herbaceous

0.5-2.5'

Jul-Oct

yellow

 

 

goldenrod , gray goldenrod, dwarf, old-field, one-sided goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis

Herbaceous

0.5-3'

Jun-Nov

yellow

capsule

tolerates poor soils

Indiangrass

Sorghastrum nutans

Grass/Grasslike

2.5-8'

Aug-Sep

 

 

tall clump grass with beautiful seed head; nutritious for livestock

ironweed, New York ironweed

Vernonia noveboracensis

Herbaceous, Herbaceous Emergent

3.5-8'

Aug-Oct

purple

capsule

brilliant flowers; tall upright form adds structure to garden; spreads

Joe-Pye weed, green-stemmed Joe-Pye weed

Eupatorium purpureum

Herbaceous

2-6.5'

Jul-Oct

pink, purple, cream

capsule

occurs in drier, shadier habitats than other joe-pye-weeds; injured or dried plant has vanilla scent

little bluestem

Schizachyrium scoparium (Andropogon scoparius)

Grass/Grasslike

1.5-4'

Aug-Oct

 

 

tolerates poor soil; clump grass; winter interest and wildlife cover; excellent forage grass

lyre-leaf sage

Salvia lyrata

Herbaceous

1-2'

Apr-Jun

violet

nut/nut-like

 

marsh marigold

Caltha palustris

Herbaceous, Herbaceous Emergent

1-2'

Apr-Jun

bright yellow

 

clump-forming; needs some periods of drier soil; tolerates flooding to 6\

Maryland wild senna, southern wild senna

Senna marilandica (Cassia marilandica)

Herbaceous

3-6.5'

Jul-Aug

yellow

pod

pods important food for upland gamebirds

New Jersey tea

Ceanothus americanus

Shrub, Low

3'

May-Sep

white

black

tough; tolerates moist soil if well drained; fixes nitrogen; tolerates dryness

partridgeberry

Mitchella repens

Herbaceous

0.5'

May-Jul

white

scarlet, berry

two flowers form one fruit; berry edible; slow creeper, forms mats under trees

pasture rose

Rosa carolina

Shrub, Low

0.5-3'

May-Jun

pale pink

red, berry

edible fruit is a berry-like hip; thorns

pickerelweed

Pontederia cordata

Herbaceous Emergent

3.5'

Jun-Nov

purple

 

spreads vigorously; a small bladder-like structure crested with toothed ridges holds one seed

river oats, wild oats, sea oats, spanglegrass

Chasmanthium latifolium

Grass/Grasslike

2-5'

Jul-Sep

green then tan

 

 

rose mallow, eastern rosemallow

Hibiscus moscheutos (H. palustris)

Herbaceous Emergent

(Can grow with roots in water)

3-6'

Jul-Sep

cream, pink

brown, capsule

common along coast; persists in winter; split seed capsules; use H. laevis in Piedmont

smooth blue aster

Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve (Aster laevis)

Herbaceous

1-5'

Aug-Oct

pale blue, violet, white

 

 

sneezeweed , yellow sneezeweed, common sneezeweed

Helenium autumnale

Herbaceous

1.5-6'

Jul-Nov

yellow

capsule

tolerates wet areas; showy flowers; herbal uses

soft rush

Juncus effusus

Herbaceous Emergent, Grass/Grasslike

1-4'

Jun-Sep

greenish brown

brown, capsule

often grows in clumps

St. John's wort , dense St. John's wort

Hypericum densiflorum

Shrub, Low

1.5-6'

Jul-Sep

yellow

brown, capsule

blooms small but form dense flat-topped clusters; can spread aggressively

swamp azalea

Rhododendron viscosum

Shrub, Medium

6.5-10'

May-Aug

white, pink

brown, capsule

attractive spreading, loose-branched habit; demands acid soil; susceptible to disease and insects

swamp sunflower

Helianthus angustifolius

Herbaceous

1.5-5.5'

Aug-Oct

yellow

capsule

 

sweet pepperbush, summersweet

Clethra alnifolia

Shrub, Medium

6-12'

Jul-Aug

white/ pink

brown, capsule

very fragrant; tolerates some flooding by partly salty water

sweetfern

Comptonia peregrina

Shrub, Low

3'

Apr-May

yellow-green

green to brown, cone/cone-like

fragrant; fixes nitrogen, leaves may persist into winter

switchgrass

Panicum virgatum

Grass/Grasslike, Herbaceous Emergent

3-6'

Jul-Oct

 

 

food for sparrow species; grows in clumps; controls erosion

tall coneflower, green-headed coneflower, cutleaf coneflower

Rudbeckia laciniata

Herbaceous

1.5-10'

Jul-Sep

yellow

capsule

herbal uses

turtlehead , white turtlehead

Chelone glabra

Herbaceous

1.5-6.5'

Jul-Oct

white

capsule

strong grower; herbal uses; host for Baltimore checkerspot butterfly

tussock sedge

Carex stricta

Grass/Grasslike, Herbaceous Emergent

1-3.5'

May-Aug

reddish to purple brown

 

grows in clumps; partly persists in winter; tolerates flooding to 6\

Virginia bluebells

Mertensia virginica

Herbaceous

1-2.5'

Mar-Jun

pink turning blue

nut/nut-like

dormant in summer; flower color blue, pink, or white according to soil acidity

white fringetree

Chionanthus virginicus

Tree, Small/Medium (Understory)

20-35'

May-Jun

white

bluish black, berry

 

white snakeroot

Ageratina altissima v. altissima  (Eupatorium rugosum)

Herbaceous

1-5'

Jul-Oct

white

capsule

tough plant; cultivars available; prefers basic soils

wild sarsaparilla

Aralia nudicaulis

Herbaceous

0.5-1.5'

May-Jul

white or green

purple-black, berry

aromatic; single-leaved; lacks an above-ground stem; not common in coastal plain

winterberry, winterberry holly, black alder

Ilex verticillata

Shrub, Medium

6-12'

Jun-Jul

greenish white

red, berry

berries provide winter bird food, poisonous to humans; berries on female plants, need male plant to pollinate

yellow wild indigo

Baptisia tinctoria

Herbaceous

1-3'

May-Sep

yellow

 

tolerates poor soils

Why BayScape?

Choosing Plants

How To

USFWS Plant List

Finding Natives

Other Web Resources

Examples

NEW!
Online Native Plant Center now available to help you find native Plants of the same type, shape color, size and other desirable plant characteristics for creating attractive and more natural landscapes in your yard.

Visit:
www.nativeplantcenter.net

 

Last updated: June 28, 2011