Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge
Conserving the Nature of America

Birds of Bon Secour NWR

Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge was established by legislative act in 1980 to protect and preserve rapidly vanishing coastal barrier habitat. The maritime forests, coastal marsh, beaches and open waters of the refuge provide essential habitat for an amazing diversity of birds. The refuge's strategic location along the flyway of millions of spring and fall migrants, combined with the habitat provided, makes Bon Secour one of the most important refuges in the refuge system.

 

Symbols in this list are defined as:
Yellow Warbler
Sp
Spring
March - May
Su
Summer
June - August
F
Fall
Sept - Nov
W
Winter
Dec - Feb
 
Abundance
A
Abundant
A common species which is very numerous        
C
Common
Certain to be seen in suitable habitats        
U
Uncommon
Present, but not certain to be seen        
O
Occasional
Seen only a few times during a season        
R
Rare
Seen at intervals of 2 - 5 years        
X
Vagrant
Less than 10 valid records        
+
Not Recorded
on refuge, but may occur due to local records        
*
Nests Locally
         
                     
Species
Sp
Su
F
W
Loons
Red-throated Loon
+
r
Arctic/Pacific Loon
+
x
Common Loon
u
r
u
a
Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe*
u
o
u
u
Horned Grebe
u
u
c
Red-necked Grebe
+
Eared Grebe
r
+
r
Western Grebe
+
+
Shearwaters, Petrels
Wilson's Storm-petrel
+
x
+
Cory's Shearwater
+
+
Greater Shearwater
+
x
Sooty Shearwater
+
x
Manx Shearwater
+
Audubon's Shearwater
+
+
Tropicbirds
White-tailed Tropicbird
+
Boobies and Gannets
Masked Booby
+
r
x
+
Brown Booby
x
r
Northern Gannet
u
r
u
c
Pelicans and Allies
American White Pelican
o
r
o
o
Brown Pelican*
a
c
a
a
Double-crested Cormorant
a
c
a
a
Olivaceous Cormorant
x
Great Cormorant
x
Anhinga*
u
o
u
r
Magnificent Frigatebird
u
u
u
r
Herons, Egrets and Allies
American Bittern
u
u
u
Least Bittern*
u
u
u
r
Great Blue Heron*
a
a
a
a
Great Egret*
c
c
c
c
Snowy Egret*
a
c
a
a
Little Blue Heron*
u
c
c
o
Tricolored Heron*
c
c
c
c
Reddish Egret*
u
u
u
u
Cattle Egret*
a
c
c
u
Green Heron*
c
c
c
o
Black-crowned Night-Heron*
u
u
u
u
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron*
c
c
c
r
Ibises, Spoonbill, Stork
Glossy Ibis*
o
o
o
White Ibis*
u
o
u
o
White-faced Ibis*
+
o
+
Roseate Spoonbill
+
+
Wood Stork
+
o
+
Waterfowl
Fulvous Whistling-Duck
x
x
Tundra Swan
+
White-Fronted Goose
o
o
Snow Goose
o
u
o
Canada Goose
o
o
o
Wood Duck*
u
u
u
u
Green-winged Teal
u
u
u
American Black Duck
+
+
Mottled Duck*
r
r
r
r
Mallard*
o
o
o
u
White-cheeked Pintail
+
+
Northern Pintail
u
a
a
Blue-winged Teal
a
a
c
Northern Shoveler
u
u
u
Gadwall
u
u
c
American Wigeon
o
o
u
Canvasback
o
u
Redhead
o
u
Ring-necked Duck
o
u
u
Greater Scaup
u
u
Lesser Scaup
u
u
c
Harlequin Duck
x
Long-tailed Duck
o
u
Black Scoter
o
u
Surf Scoter
o
o
White-winged Scoter
r
Common Goldeneye
o
u
Bufflehead
u
u
Hooded Merganser
o
o
u
Common Merganser
r
r
Red-breasted Merganser
c
o
c
a
Ruddy Duck
u
u
u
Vultures, Hawks and Allies
Black Vulture*
u
o
u
u
Turkey Vulture*
u
o
u
u
Osprey*
c
c
c
o
American Swallow-tailed Kite*
u
r
White-tailed Kite
x
x
Mississippi Kite*
u
o
u
Bald Eagle*
o
r
r
o
Northern Harrier
c
u
c
Sharp-shinned Hawk
u
c
u
Cooper's Hawk*
u
o
c
u
Red-shouldered Hawk*
u
o
c
u
Broad-winged Hawk*
c
o
a
+
Short-tailed Hawk
+
Swainson's Hawk
x
+
Red-tailed Hawk*
c
o
c
c
Ferruginous Hawk
+
Rough-legged Hawk
+
x
x
Golden Eagle
x
x
American Kestrel
c
c
a
Merlin
o
u
o
Peregrine Falcon
u
u
o
Gallinaceous Birds
Wild Turkey*
+
+
+
+
Northern Bobwhite*
u
u
u
u
Rails, Gallinules, Coots and Cranes
Yellow Rail
+
+
Black Rail
x
x
Clapper Rail*
c
c
c
c
King Rail*
u
o
u
u
Virginia Rail
u
u
u
Sora
c
o
c
c
Purple Gallinule*
u
o
u
+
Common Moorhen*
c
c
c
u
American Coot*
c
+
c
a
Sandhill Crane
r
r
Plovers
Black-bellied Plover
c
u
c
c
American Golden Plover
u
u
Snowy Plover*
o
o
o
o
Wilson's Plover*
u
u
u
Semipalmated Plover
u
c
c
Piping Plover
u
u
u
Killdeer*
a
a
a
a
Mountain Plover*
+
+
Oystercatchers
American Oystercatcher*
u
u
u
u
Stilts & Avocets
Black-necked Stilt*
u
u
+
American Avocet
u
u
o
Sandpipers, Phalaropes & Allies
Greater Yellowlegs
u
u
c
u
Lesser Yellowlegs
u
u
u
u
Solitary Sandpiper
u
o
u
+
Willet*
c
c
c
c
Spotted Sandpiper
c
u
c
o
Upland Sandpiper
c
o
c
Whimbrel
u
u
r
Long-billed Curlew
x
x
x
x
Hudsonian Godwit
x
+
Marbled Godwit
r
r
x
Ruddy Turnstone
u
u
u
Red Knot
u
o
u
u
Sanderling
a
u
a
a
Semipalmated Sandpiper
u
u
u
Western Sandpiper
u
u
u
u
Least Sandpiper
u
u
u
u
White-rumped Sandpiper
o
o
o
Baird's Sandpiper
r
r
r
Pectoral Sandpiper
u
o
c
Dunlin
c
c
c
Curlew Sandpiper
+
+
Stilt Sandpiper
o
o
o
+
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
o
r
u
Short-billed Dowitcher
c
o
c
c
Long-billed Dowitcher
u
o
u
u
Common Snipe
c
o
c
c
American Woodcock*
u
+
u
u
Wilson's Phalarope
r
o
Red-necked Phalarope
+
+
+
Red Phalarope
+
+
+
Skuas, Gulls, Terns & Skimmers
Pomarine Jaeger
o
o
o
Parasitic Jaeger
o
o
o
Long-tailed Jaeger
+
Laughing Gull*
a
a
a
c
Franklin's Gull
r
r
+
Bonaparte's Gull
u
r
c
Ring-billed Gull
c
o
c
a
Herring Gull*
u
o
u
c
Iceland Gull
x
Lesser Black-backed Gull
x
x
x
Glaucous Gull
x
+
x
Great Black-backed Gull
+
+
x
Black-legged Kittiwake
x
Sabine's Gull
x
+
x
Gull-billed Tern*
u
u
u
x
Caspian Tern*
u
o
u
u
Royal Tern*
c
u
c
c
Sandwich Tern*
u
u
c
u
Roseate Tern
x
+
Common Tern*
c
o
c
o
Forster's Tern
c
u
c
a
Least Tern*
c
u
c
+
Bridled Tern
+
+
+
Sooty Tern
+
+
+
Black Tern
c
a
a
r
Black Skimmer*
c
u
c
c
Brown Noddy
+
Pigeons & Doves
Rock Dove*
u
u
u
u
Band-tailed Pigeon
+
White-winged Dove
o
o
r
Mourning Dove*
c
c
c
c
Common Ground-Dove*
u
u
u
u
Cuckoos
Black-billed Cuckoo
u
u
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
c
u
c
Groove-billed Ani
x
x
Owls
Barn Owl*
u
u
u
u
Eastern Screech-Owl*
u
u
c
c
Great Horned Owl*
c
c
c
c
Snowy Owl
+
Burrowing Owl
r
r
r
Barred Owl*
o
o
o
u
Long-eared Owl
x
+
Short-eared Owl
r
r
Species
Sp
Su
F
W
Goatsuckers
Lesser Nighthawk
x
+
Common Nighthawk*
c
c
a
Chuck-will's-widow*
c
c
c
x
Whip-poor-will
u
u
o
Swifts, Hummingbirds
Chimney Swift*
c
u
c
Ruby-throated Hummingbird*
c
u
c
Black-chinned Hummingbird
+
+
Rufous Hummingbird
x
x
x
Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher*
c
c
c
c
Woodpeckers
Red-headed Woodpecker*
c
u
c
u
Red-bellied Woodpecker*
c
c
c
c
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
c
c
c
Downy Woodpecker*
c
c
c
c
Hairy Woodpecker*
o
o
o
o
Red-cockaded Woodpecker*
+
+
+
x
Northern Flicker*
c
o
c
c
Pileated Woodpecker*
c
u
c
c
Flycatchers
Olive-sided Flycatcher
r
+
r
Eastern Wood-Pewee*
u
o
u
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
o
o
Acadian Flycatcher*
u
o
u
Alder Flycatcher
x
x
+
Willow Flycatcher
x
+
x
Least Flycatcher
u
u
Eastern Phoebe
c
c
c
Say's Phoebe
x
Vermilion Flycatcher
x
x
x
Ash-throated Flycatcher
r
r
Great Crested Flycatcher*
c
c
c
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher*
x
Tropical/Couch's Kingbird
x
Western Kingbird
u
r
c
r
Eastern Kingbird*
a
u
a
Gray Kingbird*
u
u
u
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
u
x
u
r
Fork-tailed Flycatcher
x
Martins & Swallows
Purple Martin*
a
a
c
Tree Swallow
a
r
c
c
Northern Rough-winged Swallow*
u
o
u
r
Bank Swallow
c
u
c
Cliff Swallow*
u
o
u
Cave Swallow
r
Barn Swallow*
a
u
a
r
Jays & Crows
Blue Jay*
c
u
a
c
American Crow
+
+
+
+
Fish Crow*
c
c
c
c
Chickadees & Titmice
Carolina Chickadee*
c
c
c
c
Tufted Titmouse*
c
c
c
c
Nuthatches
Red-breasted Nuthatch
r
r
r
White-breasted Nuthatch*
+
+
+
+
Brown-headed Nuthatch*
c
c
c
c
Creepers
Brown Creeper
r
r
u
Wrens
Rock Wren
+
+
Carolina Wren*
c
c
c
c
Bewick's Wren
r
r
r
House Wren
c
a
c
Winter Wren
r
r
r
Sedge Wren
c
c
c
Marsh Wren*
c
u
c
c
Kinglets & Gnatcatchers
Golden-crowned Kinglet
o
o
u
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
c
c
a
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher*
a
o
a
c
Bluebirds, Thrushes & Robins
Northern Wheatear
x
Eastern Bluebird*
u
u
u
u
Veery
u
u
Gray-cheecked Thrush
u
u
Swainson's Thrush
c
c
Hermit Thrust
u
u
c
Wood Thrush*
c
u
c
American Robin*
c
r
c
a
Thrashers
Gray Catbird
a
a
c
Northern Mockingbird*
a
a
a
a
Sage Thrasher
x
Brown Thrasher*
c
c
c
c
Pipits
American Pipit
c
c
c
Sprague's Pipit
+
+
x
Waxwings
Cedar Waxwing
c
c
c
Starlings
European Starling*
a
a
a
a
Shrikes
Loggerhead Shrike*
c
u
c
c
Vireos
White-eyed Vireo*
a
c
a
u

Bell's Vireo

+
x
Solitary Vireo
u
u
u
Yellow-throated Vireo*
u
u
u
+
Warbling Vireo
r
r
Philadelphia Vireo
u
u
Red-eyed Vireo*
a
u
Black-whiskered Vireo
o
x
Warblers
Bachman's Warbler
+
Blue-winged Warbler
u
u
Golden-winged Warbler
u
u
Tennessee Warbler
u
c
Orange-crowned Warbler
u
u
u
Nashville Warbler
o
o
Northern Parula*
a
u
a
x
Yellow Warbler
u
c
Chestnut-sided Warbler
u
u
Magnolia Warbler
u
c
Cape May Warbler
u
r
Black-throated Blue Warbler
o
o
Yellow-rumped Warbler
c
c
a
Black-throated Gray Warbler
+
r
Black-throated Green Warbler
u
c
+
Blackburnian Warbler
u
u
Yellow-throated Warbler*
c
u
c
o
Pine Warbler*
c
c
c
c
Prairie Warbler*
u
u
u
Palm Warbler
u
c
u
Bay-breasted Warbler
u
u
Blackpoll Warbler
u
+
Cerulean Warbler
u
r
u
Black-and-white Warbler*
a
a
American Redstart*
c
a
Prothonotary Warbler*
c
u
c
Worm-eating Warbler
u
u
Swainson's Warbler*
o
o
o
Ovenbird
c
u
c
Northern Waterthrush
u
c
x
Louisiana Waterthrush
u
u
u
Kentucky Warbler*
c
o
c
Connecticut Warbler
+
+
Mourning Warbler
+
r
Common Yellowthroat*
a
u
a
a
Hooded Warbler*
a
u
u
Wilson's Warbler
o
u
x
Canada Warbler
u
u
u
Yellow-breasted Chat
u
u
u
x
Tanagers
Summer Tanager*
a
a
Scarlet Tanager
a
a
Western Tanager
+
x
x
New World Finches
Northern Cardinal*
a
a
a
a
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
c
c
+
Black-headed Grosbeak
x
x
x
Blue Grosbeak
c
u
c
o
Indigo Bunting*
a
u
a
x
Painted Bunting*
u
o
u
Dickcissel
u
c
o
Sparrows
Green-tailed Towhee
+
+
Rufous-sided Towhee*
a
a
a
a
Bachman's Sparrow*
o
+
o
+
American Tree Sparrow
x
Chipping Sparrow
u
o
c
u
Clay-colored Sparrow
o
o
o
Field Sparrow*
u
o
u
u
Vesper Sparrow
u
c
u
Lark Sparrow
o
u
o
Lark Bunting
x
Savannah Sparrow
c
c
a
Grasshopper Sparrow
o
o
o
Henslow's Sparrow
+
+
+
Le conte's Sparrow
o
o
o
Sharp-tailed Sparrow
u
u
u
Seaside Sparrow*
u
u
u
u
Fox Sparrow
o
o
o
Song Sparrow
c
c
c
Lincoln's Sparrow
o
o
o
Swamp Sparrow
c
c
c
White-throated Sparrow
c
+
c
a
White-crowned Sparrow
u
u
u
Harris' Sparrow
o
o
o
Dark-eyed Junco
o
o
o
Lapland Longspur
+
Smith's Longspur
+
Blackbirds, Grackles, Cowbirds & Orioles
Boblink
c
u
Red-winged Blackbird*
a
c
a
a
Eastern Meadowlark*
a
a
a
a
Western Meadowlark
x
x
x
Yellow-headed Blackbird
o
o
x
Rusty Blackbird
r
r
r
Brewer's Blackbird
r
r
r
Boat-tailed Grackle*
u
u
u
u
Common Grackle*
c
c
c
c
Bronze Cowbird
x
Brown-headed Cowbird*
c
c
c
c
Orchard Oriole*
a
u
c
x
Northern Oriole
u
u
Old World Finches
Purple Finch
o
o
u
Pine Siskin
o
o
o
American Goldfinch*
u
o
u
c
Evening Grosbeak
+
+
Weaver Finch
House Sparrow
a
a
a
a
Last Updated: December 2008