Block Island National Wildlife Refuge
Northeast Region

Block Island National Wildlife Refuge - List of Representative Species of Wildlife and Plants

For additional lists of refuge species, click on Appendix A: Trust Resources and Other Species and Habitats of Management Concern from the plans (CCPs) for our refuges.


The following plants are a small subset of the plants you will find on this refuge:
  • beach grass (Ammophila brevigulata)
  • poison ivy (Rhus radicans)
  • bayberry (Myrica pennsylvanica)
  • wild rose (Rosa rugosa)
  • beach plum (Prunus maritima)
  • northern arrowwood (Viburnum recognitum)
  • pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
  • Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii)
Invasive Species:
  • Common Reed (Phragmites australis)
  • Asiatic Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
For more information on invasive species and control efforts on our refuges, please click on Invasive Species: Partnering with Landowners to Control the Spread of Invasive Plants on the Rhode Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex.


Some of the amphibians you might see are these:
  • Spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)
  • American Green Frog (Rana clamitans)
  • Red-spotted newt (Notophthalumus v. viridescens)


The following are examples of what you might see on our refuge:
  • common snapping turtle (Chelydra s. serpentina)
  • spotted turtle (Clemmys guttata)
  • eastern painted turtle (Chrysemys p. picta)
  • northern water snake (Nerodia sipedon)
  • eastern garter snake (Thamnophis s. sirtalis)
  • northern brown snake (Storeria d. dekayi)
  • diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin)


There are at least 95 species of songbirds, 70 species of neotropical migrants and 40 species of shorebirds, including:
  • Piping plover (Charadrius melodus)
  • black-crowned night-heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) (endangered RI)
  • great egrets (Casmerodius albus) (endangered RI)
  • snowy egrets (Egretta thula) (endangered RI)
  • yellow-crowned night-herons (Nycticorax violacea) (endangered RI)
  • American oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus) (endangered RI)
  • Sea beach knotweed (Polygonum glaucum) (endangered RI)
  • northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) (endangered RI)
  • Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
For additional information about the birds on our refuges, please go to our Birding Resources and Plover Program pages in the Quick Links drop-down menu above.


Here are some examples of the mammals you might see:
  • Feral cats (Felis catus)
  • Harbor seal (Phoca vitulina)
  • Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)
  • Harp seal (Phoca groenlandica)
  • Hooded Seal (Cystophora cristata)
  • Block Island meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus provectus) (endemic)
  • whitefooted mouse (Peromyscus leucopus)
  • muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)
  • house mouse (Mus musculus)
  • Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)


Among many other species, this critically endangered species occurs on the refuge:
  • American Burying Beetle (Nicrophorus americanus)

Last updated: January 10, 2012