Conservation Programs

The following is a list of existing programs that the Service encourages you to incorporate into your proposal and/or subsequent action plan if selected for a treaty. These are successful programs that promote migratory bird conservation and will help your city to promote bird conservation without reinventing the wheel.

Note: This list is not exhaustive. There may be other very good national and local conservation programs out there that may also provide valuable information and partnership opportunities.

Audubon at Home — A National Audubon Society program, Audubon at Home hopes to help each of us take an active role in making our communities healthier. From reducing the use of pesticides to restoring natural habitats, Audubon At Home will provide information and inspiration -- bringing the conservation experience and expertise of Audubon into homes and communities. Audubon at Home's website contains valuable data on the effects of pesticides on birds, and simple ways that homeowners can rethink their lawns to reduce pesticide use and increase backyard biodiversity. Web:

Backyard Wildlife Habitat Programs — The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) sponsors several programs including Backyard, Schoolyard and Workplace habitats as well as an environmental club for kids six to thirteen, citizen workshops, college campus greening and more. NWF encourages everyone - homeowner, teacher,community leader - to plan their landscape with the needs of wildlife in mind. Certified Wildlife Habitat sites are beneficial sanctuaries for wildlife anywhere!Birds, butterflies, even insects might stop for a visit at this wonderful green space as they pass through the city. Today, over 23,000 sites are certified in the program. NWF provides technical assistance and fundraising advice to groups that are interested in creating wildlife and environmentally friendly landscapes. Contact: David Mizejewski, Manager, Backyard Wildlife Habitat, National Wildlife Federation, 8925 Leesburg Pike, Vienna, Virginia 22184; Phone: 703-790-4434; E-mail: Web:

Cats Indoors Campaign — American Bird Conservancy's Cats Indoors! Campaign seeks to inform cat owners, decision makers, and the general public that free-roaming cats are a significant threat to birds and other wildlife, pose a threat to humans, and often live short, painful lives. The campaign is working to secure the humane removal of free-roaming cats from sensitive wildlife areas, and to persuade cat owners to keep their cats indoors. ABC together with The Humane Society of the United States and the American Humane Association, developed a brochure, education kit, and poster for use by more than 1000 groups across the country participating in the campaign. Contact: Linda Winter, Director, Cats Indoors! Campaign, American Bird Conservancy, 1834 Jefferson Place, N.W., Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036; Phone: 202-452-1535; E-mail:; Web:

Citizen Science Program — From city streets to remote forests, citizen scientists make up the world's largest research teams, gathering data to better understand and conserve biological diversity. Citizen science is a partnership between the public and professional scientists around the world, who cooperate to conduct large-scale research. Cornell Lab of Ornithology coordinates multiple projects for citizen scientists of all ages. Curricula and project kits are available in print and on the Internet in an interactive on-line format. Some of the many monitoring projects include: Birdhouse Network, Great Backyard Bird Count, Golden-winged Warbler Atlas Project, Project Pigeon Watch, Project Feeder Watch, Classroom Feeder Watch, Autumn Hawk Watch, Birds in Forested Landscapes, and Citizen Science in the Schoolyard. Contact: 159 Sapsucker Woods Road, Ithaca, New York 14850: Phone: 1-800-843-BIRD (2473) or 607-254-2410; E-mail:; Web:

Earth Force — Earth Force is youth for a change! Through Earth Force, youth discover and implement lasting solutions to environmental issues in their community. In the process they develop life-long habits of active citizenship and environmental stewardship. Educators turn to Earth Force for innovative tools to engage young people in community problem solving. Earth Force is youth-driven with a national Youth Advisory Board (YAB) made up of 15 members, ages 12-17. The YAB helps develop and implement Earth Force programs. Contact: Earth Force, 1908 Mount Vernon Ave, Second Floor, Alexandria, VA 22301; Phone: 703-299-9400; E-mail:; Web:

Earth Stewards — Established in 1994, Earth Stewards is an environmental education program that empowers students, teachers and community members by providing them with the knowledge and skills necessary to become stewards of their local fish and wildlife resources. Its purpose is to engage educators and administrators with natural resource professionals to develop and teach interdisciplinary curriculums that are issue-specific and community-based. Earth Stewards uses national wildlife refuges and other federal lands as Anatural classrooms". Through projects such as tree planting for erosion control, wetland restoration, stream bank revegetation and soil containment, student stewardship projects and field trips connect classroom lessons to the real world. Contact: Halle Enyedy, Earth Stewards Director, The Keystone Center, 1628 St. John Road, Keystone, Colorado 80435; Phone: 970-513-5839; E-mail:; Web:

Fatal Light Awareness Program (FLAP) — FLAP is a nonprofit organization founded in 1993. It works toward two goals: encourage building owners to turn off lights in outer building offices at night during spring and fall songbird migrations; and work with architects, designers, and engineers to take into account lighting impacts on birds when building or retrofitting structures. Contact: Michael Mesure, Executive Director, FLAP, Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ZIP; Phone: 905/831-FLAP; E-mail:; Web:

4-H — This is the youth education branch of the Cooperative Extension Service, a program of the United States Department of Agriculture. Each state and each county has access to a County Extension office for both youth and adult programs. 4-H enables youth to have fun, meet new people, learn new lifeskills, build self-confidence, learn responsibility, and set and achieve goals. Youth learn by doing, and receive an awards for projects. Contact: Local County Cooperative Extension Agent listed in the phone book; Web:

Important Bird Areas — American Bird Conservancy's Important Bird Areas program is a central aspect of Partners in Flight and involves hundreds of volunteers and other conservation groups in a nationwide effort to identify and enhance protection for the most important sites for bird conservation in the U.S. Contact: Chip Chipley, American Bird Conservancy, P.O. Box 249, The Plains, VA 20198; Phone: 540-253-5780; E-mail:; Web:

International Migratory Bird Day — Set on the second Saturday in May, International Migratory Bird Day is an invitation to celebrate and support migratory bird conservation. Like any day of recognition, IMBD exists to focus attention on a valuable resource - the nearly 350 species of migratory birds that travel between nesting habitats in North America and non-breeding grounds in South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Contact: Jennifer Wheeler, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 4401 North Fairfax Drive, Room 634, Arlington, Virginia 22203; Phone: 703-358-2318; E-mail:; Web:

Land and Water Conservation Fund — This is a National Park Service program administered under the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1964. Provides a system for funding of Federal, State and local parks and conservation areas. Gives states and localities incentives to plan and invest in their own park systems. More than 37,000 projects have been funded over the past 32 years, many in urban areas to develop city parks and natural areas. Contact: Recreation Programs Division, National Park Service-2225, 1849 C Street NW, Room 3624, Washington, D.C. 20240 Phone: 202-565-1133; Web:

Migratory Bird Conservancy (MBC) — MBC is a bird conservation grant fund supported by donations from birding businesses and their customers, and matched by National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. The MBC will fund projects that directly address conservation of priority bird habitats in the Western Hemisphere. Acquisition, restoration, and improved management of habitats are program priorities. Education, research, and monitoring will be considered only as components of actual habitat conservation projects. Contact: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, 1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 900, Washington, DC 20036; Phone: 202-857-0166; Web:

Partners In Flight (PIF) — This is a coalition of federal, state and local government agencies, philanthropic foundations, professional organizations, conservation groups, industry, the academic community, and private individuals. PIF's goal is to focus resources on the improvement of monitoring and inventory, research, management, and education programs involving birds and their habitats. The PIF strategy is to stimulate cooperative public and private sector efforts in North America and the Neotropics to meet these goals. Contact: Terry Rich, National Partners In Flight Coordinator, USFWS Division of Migratory Bird Management, 4401 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 634, Arlington, VA 22203; Phone: 703-358-1714; E-mail:; Web:

Plant Conservation Initiative — The Plant Conservation Alliance is a consortium of ten federal government Member agencies and over 145 non-federal Cooperators representing various disciplines within the conservation field: biologists, botanists, habitat preservationists, horticulturists, resources management consultants, soil scientists, special interest clubs, non-profit organizations, concerned citizens, nature lovers, and gardeners. PCA Members and Cooperators work collectively to solve the problems of native plant extinction and native habitat restoration, ensuring the preservation of our ecosystem. Each year, PCA awards thousands of dollars for on-the-ground conservation and restoration projects through a matching funds grant program administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. Contact: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, 1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 900, Washington, DC 20036; Phone: 202-857-0166; Web:

Shorebird Sister Schools Program — An on-line internet education program designed to track Arctic-nesting Shorebirds from their wintering grounds in Latin America to their nesting grounds in Alaska and the Canadian Arctic. The program includes a K-12 Arctic-nesting Shorebirds curriculum, an E-mail list server, and a World Wide Web page. Students in 26 Countries and 36 U.S. states are currently participating in the program and sharing their field trip information as the shorebirds migrate through their area. There are shorebirds in all 50 U.S. states!!! Contact: Hilary Chapman, Shorebird Sister Schools Program Coordinator; USFWS, National Conservation Training Center, Shepherd Grade Road, Shepherdstown, West Virginia 25443; Phone: 304-876-7783; E-mail:; Web:

Shorebird Sister Cities Program — Cities through the Americas and along the East Asian and Australasian Flyways are connecting as "Sister Cities" to share information on wetlands and shorebird conservation in their communities. Cities along the Pacific and Atlantic Coast, as well as cities in the central U.S. with lakes, ponds, bogs, and rivers, are teaming up to share the information they have learned on managing their wetlands for shorebirds and other waterbirds. They are sharing festival ideas to increase ecotourism within their communities. They are sharing wetland restoration ideas and ways to protect water quality for both wildlife and people. And, they are sharing information among city, state, and federal organizations to monitoring the health of their ecosystems and their communities. Contact: Hilary Chapman, Shorebird Sister Schools Program Coordinator; USFWS, National Conservation Training Center, Shepherd Grade Road, Shepherdstown, West Virginia 25443; Phone: 304-876-7783; E-mail:; Web:

Urban and Community Forestry — This USDA Forest Service program helps State forestry agencies, local and tribal governments, and the private sector improve natural resource management of trees and forests in urban areas and community settings. Contact: USDA Forest Service, Cooperative Forestry, PO Box 96090 Washington, DC 20090-6090; Phone: 202-205-1389; E-mail:; Web: