Photo by Francisco Osuna, Elan Organic Coffees.
The coffee grown in Latin America and Caribbean is primarily Coffea arabica.
Arabica shrubs are usually three to nine feet tall; produce fruits three to five years after planting; and live 12 to 30 years.
The other primary taxon of coffee is Coffea canephora var. Robusta.
Grown primarily in Africa and Brazil, robusta shrubs are taller and produce more fruit than arabica, but the beans contain more caffeine and are considered inferior tasting.