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Valley City Wetland Management District - North Dakota

Bird List

This list contains bird species that have been observed within the district. It includes all common, as well as rare and accidental species that are not normally expected to occur here. Those species noted in italics are known to occur in the vicinity, but have not been sighted on the district.

Valley City Wetland Management District Bird Checklist


c = Common - Certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u = Uncommon - Present, but not certain to be seen
r = Rare - May be present, but not in most years
* = Species that nests in the Refuge
# = Threatened or endangered species in the United States


Herons | Waterfowl | Hawks | Shorebirds | Owls | Woodpeckers
Flycatchers | Swallows | Wrens | Warblers | Sparrows | Finches
Common Name S s F W
Loons Legend
Common Loon r r    
Grebes Legend
Pied-billed Grebe * c c c  
Horned Grebe * u u u  
Red-necked Grebe * r r r  
Eared Grebe * c c c  
Western Grebe * c c c  
Clark's Grebe r r r  
Pelicans Legend
American White Pelican c c c  
Cormorants Legend
Double-crested Cormorant * c c c  
Herons, Egrets and Bitterns Legend
American Bittern * c c c  
Least Bittern r r r  
Great Blue Heron c c c  
Great Egret u c c  
Snowy Egret r r r  
Little Blue Heron r r r  
Cattle Egret r r u  
Green Heron * r r r  
Black-crowned Night Heron * c c c  
Ibises Legend
White-faced Ibis r      
Vultures Legend
Turkey Vulture r   r  
Swans, Geese, and Ducks Legend
Tundra Swan c   c  
Greater White-fronted Goose u r u  
Snow Goose * c r c  
Ross's Goose r   r  
Brant     r  
Canada Goose * c c c u
Wood Duck * c c c  
Gadwall * c c c  
American Wigeon * c u c  
American Black Duck * r r r  
Mallard * c c r  
Blue-winged Teal * c c c  
Cinnamon Teal * r r r  
Northern Shoveler * c c c  
Northern Pintail * c c c  
Green-winged Teal * c u c  
Canvasback * c u c  
Redhead * c c c  
Ring-necked Duck * c r c  
Greater Scaup r   r  
Lesser Scaup * c u c  
White-winged Scoter     r  
Bufflehead c r c  
Common Goldeneye c   u r
Hooded Merganser * c c c  
Common Merganser c   c r
Red-breasted Merganser u      
Ruddy Duck * c u c  
Hawks and Eagles Legend
Osprey r   r  
Bald Eagle # c   c r
Northern Harrier * c c c r
Sharp-shinned Hawk u   u r
Cooper's Hawk * u r u r
Northern Goshawk r   r r
Broad-winged Hawk r   r  
Swainson's Hawk * c c c  
Red-tailed Hawk * c c c r
Ferruginous Hawk * u r u r
Rough-legged Hawk c   c r
Golden Eagle u r u u
Falcons Legend
American Kestrel * c u c r
Merlin u   u r
Peregrine Falcon # r   r r
Prairie Falcon u r u r
Upland Game Birds Legend
Gray Partridge * c c c c
Ring-necked Pheasant * c c c c
Sharp-tailed Grouse * c c c c
Greater Prairie Chicken * r r r r
Wild Turkey * u u u u
Rails and Coots Legend
King Rail r r r  
Virginia Rail * u u u  
Sora * c c c  
American Coot * c c c r
Common Moorhen r      
Cranes Legend
Sandhill Crane c r c  
Whooping Crane # r   r  
Shorebirds Legend
Black-bellied Plover r   r  
American Golden Plover u   u  
Semipalmated Plover u   u  
Piping Plover *# r r r  
Killdeer * c c c  
American Avocet * c c c  
Greater Yellowlegs u u u  
Lesser Yellowlegs c u c  
Solitary Sandpiper u u u  
Willet * c c c  
Spotted Sandpiper * u u c  
Upland Sandpiper * c c    
Hudsonian Godwit r      
Marbled Godwit * c c r  
Sanderling r   r  
Semipalmated Sandpiper c   u  
Western Sandpiper c r c  
Least Sandpiper c r c  
White-rumped Sandpiper c   r  
Baird's Sandpiper c   u  
Pectoral Sandpiper c   u  
Dunlin r   r  
Stilt Sandpiper u   u  
Buff-breasted Sandpiper r      
Short-billed Dowitcher u u u  
Long-billed Dowitcher c u c  
Common Snipe * c u c  
American Woodcock r r r  
Wilson's Phalarope * u u u  
Red-necked Phalarope u   u  
Gulls and Terns Legend
Franklin's Gull c c c  
Bonaparte's Gull u   u  
Ring-billed Gull c c c  
California Gull c c c  
Herring Gull r      
Caspian Tern r   r  
Common Tern c c c  
Forster's Tern * u u    
Black Tern * c c c  
Doves Legend
Rock Dove * c c c c
Mourning Dove * c c c r
Cuckoos and Roadrunners Legend
Black-billed Cuckoo * u c u  
Yellow-billed Cuckoo r      
Owls Legend
Barn Owl * r r r r
Eastern Screech Owl * r c r u
Great Horned Owl * c c c c
Snowy Owl r   u u
Burrowing Owl   r    
Barred Owl       r
Long-eared Owl * r r r  
Short-eared Owl * c c c u
Northern Saw-whet Owl       r
Nighthawks and Nightjars Legend
Common Nighthawk * u u u  
Whip-poor-will r      
Swifts Legend
Chimney Swift r r r  
Hummingbirds Legend
Ruby-throated Hummingbird r u r  
Kingfishers Legend
Belted Kingfisher * c c c  
Woodpeckers Legend
Red-Headed Woodpecker * r r r  
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u   u  
Downy Woodpecker * c c c c
Hairy Woodpecker * c c c c
Northern Flicker * c c c r
Flycatchers Legend
Olive-sided Flycatcher r   r  
Eastern Wood Pewee * u u u  
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher r      
Alder Flycatcher r      
Willow Flycatcher * u c r  
Least Flycatcher * u c r  
Eastern Phoebe u r u  
Say's Phoebe * u u u  
Great Crested Flycatcher r r r  
Western Kingbird * c c c  
Eastern Kingbird * c c c  
Shrikes Legend
Loggerhead Shrike * u u r  
Northern Shrike u   u u
Vireos Legend
Blue-headed Vireo r   r  
Yellow-throated Vireo r   r  
Warbling Vireo * u c u  
Philadelphia Vireo r   r  
Red-eyed Vireo u u u  
Jays, Magpies and Crows Legend
Gray Jay       r
Blue Jay * c c c c
Black-billed Magpie * c c c c
American Crow * c u c u
Larks Legend
Horned Lark * c c c c
Swallows Legend
Purple Martin * u c u  
Tree Swallow * c c c  
Northern Rough-winged Swallow * u u    
Bank Swallow * c c u  
Cliff Swallow * c c c  
Barn Swallow * c c c  
Chickadees and Titmice Legend
Black-capped Chickadee * c c c c
Nuthatches Legend
Red-breasted Nuthatch u   u c
White-breasted Nuthatch * u u c c
Creepers Legend
Brown Creeper u   u u
Wrens Legend
House Wren * c c c  
Winter Wren r      
Sedge Wren * u c r  
Marsh Wren * u c u  
Kinglets, Bluebirds, and Thrushes Legend
Golden-crowned Kinglet r   r r
Ruby-crowned Kinglet u   u  
Eastern Bluebird * c u u  
Mountain Bluebird u   u  
Veery U   u  
Gray-cheeked Thrush u   u  
Swainson's Thrush c   u  
Hermit Thrush r   r  
American Robin * c c c r
Mimics Legend
Gray Catbird * c c u  
Brown Thrasher * c c u  
Starlings Legend
European Starling * u u u u
Pipits Legend
American (Water) Pipit u   u  
Sprague's Pipit * u u u  
Waxwings Legend
Bohemian Waxwing u   u u
Cedar Waxwing * u c c u
Warblers Legend
Golden-winged Warbler r      
Tennessee Warbler c   u  
Orange-crowned Warbler c   u  
Nashville Warbler u   r  
Yellow Warbler * c c u  
Chestnut-sided Warbler u   u  
Magnolia Warbler u   u  
Cape May Warbler r   r  
Yellow-rumped Warbler c c r  
Black-throated Green Warbler r   r  
Blackburnian Warbler r   r  
Pine Warbler   r    
Palm Warbler c   u  
Bay-breasted Warbler r   r  
Blackpoll Warbler c   u  
Black-and-white Warbler c   u  
American Redstart u r u  
Ovenbird c   u  
Northern Waterthrush c   u  
Connecticut Warbler r      
Mourning Warbler r   r  
Common Yellowthroat * c c c  
Wilson's Warbler u   u  
Canada Warbler r   r  
Yellow-breasted Chat r   r  
Tanagers Legend
Scarlet Tanager r   r  
Sparrows, Buntings, and Grosbeaks Legend
Eastern Towhee r   r  
American Tree Sparrow c   c r
Chipping Sparrow * c c u  
Clay-colored Sparrow * c c u  
Field Sparrow u r u  
Vesper Sparrow u c u  
Lark Sparrow * u r u  
Lark Bunting * u u    
Savannah Sparrow * c c u  
Grasshopper Sparrow * u c r  
Bairds's Sparrow * r r r  
Le Conte's Sparrow * u c u  
Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow * u u u  
Fox Sparrow r   r  
Song Sparrow * c c c r
Swamp Sparrow u r u  
Lincoln's Sparrow c   u  
White-throated Sparrow c   c r
Harris' Sparrow c   c r
White-crowned Sparrow c   c  
Dark-eyed Junco c   c r
Lapland Longspur c r c c
Smith's Longspur r   r  
Chestnut-collared Longspur * u u u  
Snow Bunting u   u c
Rose-breasted Grosbeak * u r u  
Indigo Bunting r   r  
Dickcissel * u u u  
Blackbirds and Orioles Legend
Bobolink * c c u  
Red-winged Blackbird * c c c u
Western Meadowlark * c c c r
Yellow-headed Blackbird * c c u  
Rusty Blackbird u   u r
Brewer's Blackbird * u u u r
Common Grackle * c c c r
Brown-headed Cowbird * c c c  
Orchard Oriole * c u r  
Baltimore Oriole * c c u  
Finches Legend
Pine Grosbeak r   r r
Purple Finch u   u u
House Finch r r r c
Red Crossbill r   r u
White-winged Crossbill r   r r
Common Redpoll u   u c
Hoary Redpoll       r
Pine Siskin * u r c c
American Goldfinch * u c c r
Evening Grosbeak     r r
Old World Sparrows Legend
House Sparrow * c c c c

This resource is based on the following source:

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. Birds of Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge, Pingree, North Dakota. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Unpaginated. Updated January, 2004.

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