Link to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Web site Link to the National Wildlife Refuge System Web site U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Arrowwood Wetland Management District - Pingree, North Dakota

Fact Sheet

  • Established: September 1961

  • Counties in District: Eddy and Foster

  • Waterfowl Production Areas: 28 units totaling 6,141 acres.

  • Wetland Easements: 314 contracts protecting 19,046 acres.

  • One Easement Refuge totaling 2,002 acres.

  • FSA Ag Credit Easements: 4 contracts protecting 1,733 acres.

Natural History

  • Landscape formed by glacial action.

  • One physiographic region: Drift Prairie.

  • Thousands of wetlands or "prairie potholes" created by glaciers.

  • The Sheyenne and James River systems run through the drift prairie creating an important migration pathway and riparian zone.

  • Mixed grass prairie region: transition area between the tall grass and short grass prairies.

  • Prior to settlement, bison, antelope, wolves, prairie grouse, waterfowl and many other species of wetland or grassland dependent wildlife thrived.

  • Landscape changes as a result of European immigrants reduced the number of wetlands and acres of native grassland.

  • Remaining wealth of grasslands and wetlands continue to produce large numbers of waterfowl.

District Objectives

  • Optimize waterfowl production.

  • Preserve and protect native grasslands.

  • Provide and maintain quality upland and wetland habitat capable of supporting healthy migratory bird populations.

  • Assist private landowners with restoration of wildlife habitat.

  • Provide opportunities for quality wildlife dependent recreation.

  • Provide opportunities for environmental education.

Management Tools

  • Grassland restoration using grazing, haying, fire, rest, and cultivation/re-seeding.

  • Noxious weed control using mowing/haying, grazing, biological control agents and herbicides.

  • Water level management of impoundments to provide optimum levels for nesting and migrating waterfowl as well as other grassland songbird species.

  • Acquisition of new Waterfowl Production Areas, Grassland and Wetland Easements.

  • Private landowner agreements through the Partners For Fish and Wildlife Program.

  • GIS/GPS hardware and software used intensively in management programs.

  • Law enforcement of public use activities, migratory bird hunting and Easements contracts.

  • Intensive surveillance and management of Avian Botulism and other wildlife disease problems.

Public Use Opportunities

  • Waterfowl, upland game bird and deer hunting.

  • Fishing, including wintertime fishing for perch, northern pike and some walleye.

  • Recreation oriented trapping.

  • Wildlife observation and photography.

  • Environmental education.

  • Volunteer opportunities.

Financial Impact to Local Communities

  • Bring visitors for the Hunting and Birding opportunities.

  • Cooperative haying and grazing agreements with landowners.

Who We Are | Wildlife & Habitat | District Programs | Public Use
Maps | Arrowwood NWR Complex | Links | Site Map | Home

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page | Department of the Interior  | About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  | Accessibility  | Privacy  | Notices  | Disclaimer  | FOIA