Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Alaska Region   

Icon of Blue Goose Compass. 
      Click compass to view Refuge map.

Wildlife and Wild Landscapes

An overview of Arctic Refuge:

Refuge lands stretch from interior Alaska north across the Brooks Range mountains to the Arctic Ocean, providing homes to a wide variety of wildlife and plants.

Changing Climate:

The arctic is a fine balance between what is frozen and what is thawed. As a changing climate warms the area, this balance shifts.


The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is home to some of the most diverse and spectacular wildlife in the arctic. The Refuge's rich pageant of wildlife includes 42 fish species, 37 land mammals, eight marine mammals, and more than 200 migratory and resident bird species.

Additional information is available from the references listed in the partial bibliography of scientific research pertaining to the Refuge.

Wild Landscapes:

The Arctic Refuge contains remote, complete, and undisturbed lands across five different ecological regions: lagoons, beaches and saltmarshes of coastal marine areas; coastal plain tundra; alpine tundra of the Brooks Range; the forest-tundra transition south of the mountains; and tall spruce, birch, and aspen of the boreal forest.

Biological References:

Additional information is available from the following references:

July 13, 2011