Beaufort Sea Waterfowl and Marine Birds, Aerial Survey Component
expansion of oil and gas development from on-shore sites into the near-shore waters
of the Beaufort Sea raised concerns that wildlife using these waters may be at
risk to disturbance and potential oil spills. As a result, the USFWS- Division
of Migratory Bird Management in cooperation with USGS-Biological Resources Division,
and Minerals Management Service, conducted a two-year survey of marine bird distribution
patterns in near-shore and offshore waters in the Central Beaufort Sea. Wildlife
species of particular concern to managers are more than one hundred thousand sea
ducks and other marine birds that use the Beaufort Sea each summer. Despite high
abundance of sea ducks in the Beaufort Sea, recent declines in some sea duck species
have been documented state-wide.
The specific objectives of this study
1. Monitor Long-tailed Ducks and other species within and among
"industrial" and "control" areas using existing protocol (OCS-MMS 92-0060).
Use data from 1999-2000 and data collected by Johnson and Gazey (1992) in 1990-1991
to compare Long-tailed Duck population trends between "industrial" and "control"
areas, and to describe the relationship between distribution patterns and human
3. Expand the Near-shore survey area to encompass habitats
between the original "industrial" and "control" areas, and sample Near-shore Marine
habitat from Oliktok Point to Brownlow Point to delineate small-scale distribution
patterns of marine birds throughout the expanded study area.
variation in marine bird populations with environmental factors, human activities,
and temporal and spatial variables.
5. Implement an Offshore survey that
targets Spectacled (Somateria fischeri), Common (S. mollisima) and King Eiders
6. Document distribution patterns of marine birds within
the Offshore survey area.
Click on the links below to view the final report
for this project entitled, Monitoring Beaufort Sea Waterfowl and Marine Birds,
Aerial Survey Component.(Files are in pdf format)
Preface (100kb, pdf)
Introduction and Methods (418kb, pdf)
Nearshore Results (779kb,
Offshore Results (777kb,
Discussion and Conclusion (116kb, pdf)
Literature cited (72kb, pdf)
Appendices (170kb, pdf)
Last Updated: September 15, 2008