USFWS
Marine Mammals Management
Alaska Region

 

Walrus Reports

To receive a copy of a publication or report listed here, please contact:
Marine Mammals Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1011 E. Tudor Road, Anchorage, Alaska 99503
or call 907-786-3800

Stock Assessment Reports

Fact Sheets

Guidelines for Marine Vessel Operations Near Pacific Walrus Haulouts in Bristol Bay (pdf)

Pacific Walrus Distribution Map (pdf)

Pacific Walrus 2006 Population Survey (pdf 1.7mb)

Pacific Walrus and the Endangered Species Act (pdf

 

Publications

2014

MacCracken, J.G., P.R. Lemons, III, J.L. Garlich-Miller, and J.A. Snyder. 2014. An index of optimum sustainable population for the Pacific Walrus. Ecological Indicators 43:36-43.

2013

Huntington, H.P., G. Noongwook, N.A. Bond, B. Benter, J.A. Snyder, and J. Zhang. 2013. The influence of wind and ice on spring walrus hunting success on St. Lawrence Island.  Deep-Sea Research II 94:312-322. 

MacCracken, J.G., J. Garlich-Miller, J. Snyder, and R. Meehan. 2013. Bayesian belief network models for species assessments: an example with the Pacific walrus.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 37:226-235.

Robards, M., and J. Garlich-Miller. 2013. Workshop on assessing Pacific walrus population attributes from coastal haul-outs. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management, MMM 13-1, Anchorage, AK.

Udevitz, M.S. R.L. Taylor, J.L. Garlich-Miller, L.T. Quakenbush, and J.A. Snyder. 2013. Potential population-level effects of increased haulout-related mortality of Pacific walrus calves.  Polar Biology 36:291-298.

2012

MacCracken, J.G. 2012. Pacific walrus and climate change: observations and predictions. Ecology and Evolution 2:2072-2090

Errattum.  Pacific walrus and climate change: observations and predictions. Ecology and Evolution 3:381.

2011

Speckman, S.G., V.I. Chernook, D.M. Burn, M.S. Udevitz, A.A. Kochnev, C.V. Jay, A. Lisovsky, A.S. Fischbach, and R.B. Benter. 2011. Results and evaluation of a survey to estimated Pacific walrus population size, 2006. Marine Mammal Science 27:51-553.

2009

Burn, D.M., M.A. Udevitz, S.G. Speckman, and R.B. Benter.  2009.  An improved procedure for detection and enumeration of walrus signatures in airborne thermal imagery.  International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (1mb - pdf ) 11: 324–333.

2008

Udevitz, M.S., D.M. Burn, and M.A. Webber. 2008. Estimation of walrus populations on sea ice with infrared imagery and aerial photography. Marine Mammal Science (pdf) 24: 57-70

2006

Burn, D.M., M.A. Webber, and M.S. Udevitz.  2006.  Application of airborne thermal imagery to surveys of Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens). (pdf) Wildlife Society Bulletin. 34(1):51-58.

Burn, D.M., Udevitz, M.S., Webber, M.A., and Garlich-Miller, J.L. 2006. Development of Airborne Remote Sensing Methods for Surveys of Pacific Walruses. OCS Study MMS 2006-003, 24 pp.

Garlich-Miller, J.L., Quakenbush, L.T., and Bromaghin, J.F. 2006. Trends in age Structure and Productivity of Pacific Walruses Harvested in the Bering Strait Region of Alaska, 1952–2002. Marine Mammal Science. 22(4):880-896.

1999

Garlich-Miller, J.L. and Burn, D.M. 1999. Estimating the harvest of Pacific walrus, Odobenus rosmarus divergens in Alaska. Fish. Bulletin 97(4): 1043-1046.

Garlich-Miller, J.L., and Stewart, R.E.A. 1999. Female reproductive patterns and fetal growth of Atlantic walruses Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus in Foxe Basin NT, Canada. Marine Mammal Science. 15(1):179-191.

Seagars, D. and Garlich-Miller, J.L. 2001. Organochlorine compounds and aliphatic hydrocarbons in Pacific walrus blubber. Marine Pollution Bulletin 43 (1): 122-131

1998

Garlich-Miller, J.L., and Stewart, R.E.A. 1998. Growth and sexual dimorphism of Atlantic walruses Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus in Foxe Basin NT, Canada. Marine Mammal Science. 14(4):803-818.

1993

Garlich-Miller, J.L., Stewart, R.E.A., Stewart, B.E., and Hiltz, E.A. 1993. Comparison of mandibular with cemental growth-layer counts for ageing Atlantic walrus Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus. Can. J. Zool. 71: 163-167.

1989

Taylor, D.L., S. Schliebe, and H. Metsker. 1989. Contaminants in blubber, liver and kidney tissue of Pacific walruses. Marine Pollution Bulletin: 20(9): 465-468.

 

Technical Reports

2012

Garlich-Miller, J., Editor. 2012. Adapting to climate change: a community workshop on the conservation and management of walruses on the Chukchi Sea coast. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, AK.

2011

Garlich-Miller, J., W. Neakok, and R. Stimmelmayr. 2011. Field report: walrus carcass survey, Point Lay, Alaska September 11-15, 2011. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, AK.

2003

Garlich-Miller, J. (ed) 2003. Proceedings of a Workshop on the Potential Application of Mark-Recapture Methods to Estimate the Size and Trend of the Pacific Walrus Population. USFWS R7/MMM Technical Report 03-1; 13 pp.

2002

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Stock assessment for Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Alaska Stock. Marine Mammal Protection Act Stock Assessment Report. 6 pp. Available on our web site under Stock Assessment Reports.

2000

Garlich-Miller, J. and Jay, C.V. (eds). 2000. Proceedings of a workshop concerning walrus survey methods. USFWS R7/MMM Technical Report 00-2, 92 pp.

1999

Garlich-Miller, J. and C. Pungowiyi, eds. 1999. Proceedings of a workshop concerning walrus harvest monitoring in Alaska and Chukotka. Fish & Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 99-1; 59pp.

1997

Garlich-Miller, J. 1997. Age, sex, and reproductive status of Pacific walrus harvested in the Bering Strait region, 1994-1996. Fish & Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 97-1; 26pp.

Kruse, S. 1997. Behavioral Changes of Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) in response to human activities. Fish & Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 97-4; 30pp.

1995

Seagars, D.J., P. Hessing, C.E. Bowlby, L. Noonan, and D.M. Burn. 1995. Annual summary: information collected during the 1993 Spring walrus harvest in Alaska. Fish & Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 95-1; 31pp.

1994

Fay, F.H. and C.E. Bowlby. 1994. The harvest of Pacific walrus, 1931-1989. Fish &Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 94-2; 44pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. Conservation Plan for the Pacific Walrus in Alaska. Marine Mammals Management, FWS, Anchorage, AK. 79pp.

1993

Anderson, L.E. and Garlich-Miller J.L. 1994. Economic monitoring and analysis of the 1992 and 1993 summer walrus hunts in Northern Foxe Basin, Northwest Territories. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2011 20 pp.

Warburton, J. and D.J. Seagars. 1993. Heavy metal concentrations in liver and kidney tissues of Pacific walrus. Fish & Wildlife Service Technical Report MMM 94; 23pp.

1992

Gilbert, J., G. Fedoseev, D.J. Seagars, E. Razlivalov, and A. Lachugin. 1992. Aerial census of Pacific walrus, 1990. Fish & Wildlife Service Administrative Report R7/MMM 92-1; 32pp.

Harvest monitoring reports

2002

J. Snyder. 2002. 2002 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

2001

J. Snyder. 2001. 2001 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

2000

Dickerson, L., J. Snyder, G. Henry, D. Sockpick, C. Bailey, J. Barnum and D. Burn. 2000. 2000 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

1999

Dickerson, L., J. Snyder, W. Stephensen and D. Burn. 1999. 1999 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

1998

Dickerson, L., T. Fischbach, J. Snyder, W. Stephensen and D. Burn. 1998. 1998 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

1997

Dickerson, L., D. Burn, J. Garlich-Miller, M. Cody, T. Fischbach, M. Ungott, T. James, J. Snyder, J. Iya, and M. Mazonna. 1997. 1996 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

Dickerson, L., T. Fischbach, J. Snyder, D. Burn, H. Apassingok, and M. Mezonna. 1997. 1997 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.

1996

Dickerson, L., D. Burn, J. Garlich-Miller, T. Fischbach, S. Rice, J. Boucher and B. Howard. 1996. 1995 Walrus Harvest Monitor Project Annual Summary. Unpublished report U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, Alaska.


Last updated: June 30, 2014