USFWS
Marine Mammals Management
Alaska Region

 

Sea Otter

To receive a copy of a publication or report listed here, please contact:
Marine Mammals Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1011 E. Tudor Road, Anchorage, Alaska 99503
or call 907-786-3800

Stock Assessment Reports

Publications

2014

Burek, K.A., V.A. Gill, and D.S. Bradway.  2014.  The first case of locally acquired disseminated Histoplasmosis in Alaska and in a free-ranging marine mammal.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(2): 389-392. DOI: 10.7589/2013-11-288 (pdf)

2013

Goertz C.E.C., R. Walton, N. Rouse, J. Belovarac, K. Burek-Huntington, V. Gill, R. Hobbs, C. Xavier, N. Garrett, and P. Tuomi. 2013. Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a Climate Change Indicator in Alaska Marine Mammals. In: F.J. Mueter, D.M.S. Dickson, H.P. Huntington, J.R. Irvine, E.A. Logerwell, S.A. MacLean, L.T. Quakenbush, and C. Rosa, eds. 2013. Responses of Arctic Marine Ecosystems to Climate Change. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. doi:10.4027/ramecc.2013.03 (pdf)

Larson, S.D., Z.N. Hoyt, G.L. Eckert, and V.A. Gill.  2013.  Impacts of sea otter predation on commercially important sea cucumbers (Parastichopus californicus) in Southeast Alaska.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70:1498-1507. (pdf)

2012

Counihan Edgar, K., V.A. Gill, A.M. Doroff, K.A. Burek Huntington, W. A. Miller, P.L.Shewmaker, S. Jang, E.C. Goertz, P.A. Tuomi, M.A. Miller, D. Jessup, and B.A. Byrne.  2012.  Genotypic Characterization of Streptococcus infantarius subspecies coli Isolates from Sea Otters with Infective Endocarditis and/or Septicemia and from Environmental Mussel Samples.  Journal of Clinical Microbiology 50(12):4131-4133. (pdf)

Tseng, M., M. Fleetwood, A. Reed, V.A. Gill, R.K. Harris, R.B. Moeller, T.P. Lipscomb, J.A.K. Mazet, and T. Goldstein. 2012. Mustelid Herpesvirus-2, a novel herpes infection in northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni). Journal of Wildlife Diseases
48:181-185. (pdf)

2011

Brownstein, D., M.A. Miller, S.C. Oates, B.A. Byrne, S. Jang, M.J. Murray, D.A. Jessup, and V.A. Gill. 2011. Antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates from sea otters (Enhydra lutris). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(2): 278-292. (pdf)

Goldstein, T., V.A. Gill, P. Tuomi, D. Monson, A. Burdin, P.A. Conrad, J.L Dunn, C. Field, C. Johnson, D.A. Jessup, J. Bodkin and A.M. Doroff. 2011. Assessment of clinical pathology and pathogen exposure in sea otters (Enhydra lutris) bordering the threatened population in Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(3): 579–592.(pdf)

2009

Goldstein, T., J.A.K. Mazet, V.A. Gill, A.M. Doroff, K.A. Burek, and J.A. Hammond. 2009. Phocine distemper virus in northern sea otters in the Pacific Ocean, Alaska, USA. Journal of Emerging Diseases 15(6): 925-927. (pdf)

Hart, K, V.A. Gill, and K. Kannan.  2009.  Temporal Trends (1992-2007) of Perfluorinated Chemicals (PFCs) in Northern Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) from South-central Alaska.  Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 56(3): 607-614. (pdf)

Von Biela, V.R., V.A. Gill, J.L. Bodkin, and J.M. Burns. 2009. Phenotypic plasticity in the average age of first reproduction in northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni). Journal of Mammalogy 90(5):1224-1231 (pdf)

2008

Von Biela, V.R, W. J. Testa, V.A. Gill, and J. M. Burns. 2008. Evaluating cementum annuli to determine past reproduction in northern sea otters. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(3): 618-624. (pdf)

2005

Burn, D.M. and A.M. Doroff.  2005.  Decline in sea otter (Enhydra lutris) populations along the Alaska Peninsula, 1986-2001.  Fishery Bulletin 103:270-279. (pdf - 1.13mb)

Estes, J.A., M.T. Tinker, A.M. Doroff, and D.M. Burn.  2005.  Continuing sea otter population declines in the Aleutian archipelago.  Marine Mammal Science.  21:169-172. (pdf)

2003

Burn, D.M., A.M. Doroff, M.T. Tinker. 2003. Estimated carrying capacity and pre-decline abundance of sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in the Aleutian islands. Northwestern Naturalist. 84(3):145-148. (pdf)

Doroff, A.M., J.A. Estes, M.T. Tinker, D.M. Burn, and T.J. Evans. 2003. Sea otter population declines in the Aleutian archipelago. Journal of Mammalogy 84(1):55-64. (pdf)

2001

Gorbics, C.S. and J.L. Bodkin. 2001. Stock structure of sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 17(3): 632-647. (pdf - 833kb)

1994

Burn, D.M. 1994. Boat-based population surveys of sea otters in Prince William Sound. Pp. 61-80 in: Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez. T. Loughlin (Ed.) Academic Press, Inc. (pdf - 571kb)

DeGange, A.R., A.M. Doroff, and D.H. Monson. 1994. Experimental recovery of sea otter carcasses at Kodiak Island, Alaska, following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Mammal Science 10(4):492-496. (pdf)

Doroff, A.M. and J.L. Bodkin. 1994. Sea otter foraging behavior and hydrocarbon levels in prey following the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. In: Marine Mammals and Oiling. Ed. T.R. Loughlin. Academic Press.

Doroff, A.M. and A.R. DeGange. 1994. Sea otter prey composition and foraging success in the northern Kodiak archipelago. Fishery Bulletin 92:704-710 (1994).(pdf 1.14mb)

1993

Garrott, R.A., L.L. Eberhardt, and D.M. Burn. 1993. Mortality of sea otters in Prince William Sound following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Mammal Science. 9(4):343-359. (pdf - 928kb)

Technical Reports

2009

Gill, V.A., A.M. Doroff, and D. Burn. 2009. Aerial Surveys of Sea Otters Enhydra lutris in Kachemak, Alaska 2008. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service report for Army Corps of Engineers. MIPR # WC1JUW80880784. 21pp. (pdf)

2007

Gill, V.A. and D. Burn. 2007. Aerial Surveys of Sea Otters Enhydra lutris in Yakutat Bay, Alaska 2005. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management Technical Report: MMM 2007-01. 18pp. (pdf)

Von Biela, V.R. and V.A. Gill. 2007. Analysis of the Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) Reproductive Tract: A Methods Manual. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management Technical Report: MMM 2007-02. 24pp. (pdf)

2006

Gill, V.A. 2006. Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality event initiation protocol for northern sea otters. Unpublished USFWS report. 11pp. (pdf)

2004

Burek, K.A. V.A. Gill, N. Bronson, and P. Tuomi.  2005.  A pictorial guide to sea otter anatomy and necropsy findings.  USFWS unpublished report.  44pp. (pdf - 1.6mb)

2001

Ballachey, B.E., C.S. Gorbics, and A.M. Doroff. 2001. Sea otter mortality in Orca Inlet, Prince William Sound, Alaska, winter 1995-1996. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management Technical Report: MMM 01-1. 23 pp.(pdf 2.48mb)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001a. Standard methods to assess over winter mortality trends in sea otter populations in Alaska. Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, Alaska. 7 pp.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001b. Population trend surveys as an index to abundance and distribution of sea otters: a standard protocol in Alaska. Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, Alaska. 10 pp.


1999

Doroff, A.M. and M. Roy. 1999. Sea Otter Surveys of Izembek Lagoon, Alaska: a Pilot Study. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, Alaska. 6 pp.

1997

Doroff, A.M. and C. Gorbics. 1997. Sea otter surveys of Yakutat Bay and adjacent Gulf of Alaska coastal areas - Cape Hinchinbrook to Cape Spencer 1995-1996. Final Report to Minerals Management Service. Interagency Agreement No. 05059. 23 pp. (pdf - 1.86mb)

Doroff, A.M. and D. Mulcahy. 1997. A field guide to general necropsy and tissue collection for sea otters (Enhydra lutris) in Alaska. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management Technical Report MMM 97-3. 49 pp.(pdf - 1.85mb)

Evans, T.J., D.M. Burn, and A.R. DeGange. 1997. Distribution and relative abundance of sea otters in the Aleutian archipelago. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Marine Mammals Management Technical Report MMM 97-5. (pdf -867kb)

1996

Doroff, A.M. and J.L. Bodkin. 1996. Sea otter foraging behavior and hydrocarbon levels in prey following the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill State/Federal Nat Natural Resources Damage Assessment Marine Mammal Study 6-8. Final Report. 33 pp. (pdf - 2.41mb)

1995

Doroff, A.M. and A.R. DeGange. 1995. Experiments to determine drift patterns and rates of recovery of sea otter carcasses following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill State/Federal Natural Resources Damage Assessment Marine Mammal Study 6-9. Final Report. 13 pp. (pdf - 1.14mb)

1994

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1994. Conservation plan for the sea otter in Alaska. Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, Alaska. 44 pp.(pdf 3.38mb)

1993

Doroff, A.M., A.R. DeGange, C. Lensink, B.E. Ballachey, J.L. Bodkin, and D. Bruden. 1993. Recovery of sea otter carcasses following the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Pp. 285-288 in: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium, Program and Abstracts. 365 pp.

Last updated: June 30, 2014