Southwest Region
Conserving the Nature of America

Lake Havasu




Coyote howls at the trail cam on Sevilleta NWR
A coyote howls at the Sevilleta NWR trail cam. Photo credit: USFWS.

Introducing…Wildlife Selfies!

September 2014
Wildlife selfies? Yes, that’s right!  The Southwest Region has a brand new interactive webpage that you will find both captivating and educational.   Taken from automatic cameras that many national wildlife refuges set up to help count, track and identify wildlife, these amazing photos capture a variety of species in their rarest form.  From a mother black bear with her cubs to golden eagles splashing in a watering hole, you will see wildlife from a whole new perspective!  

Every month a different national wildlife refuge in the southwest will be featured and new, exciting photos will be highlighted.  Simply click on the Wildlife Selfies icon and enjoy!  And remember…check back often!

Visit the Southwest Region's Refuge Trailcam site of Wildlife Selfies!


Western yellow-billed cuckoo
Western yellow-billed cuckoo. Photo credit Mark Dettling.

Western Yellow-Billed Cuckoo Receives Federal Protection under the Endangered Species Act

October 2014
The western population of the yellow-billed cuckoo will be protected as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today. The Service determined that listing a distinct population segment of the bird in portions of 12 western states - Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Oregon and Washington – in addition to Canada and Mexico is warranted.

Learn more about this species and the listing rule


Red Knot Update

October 2014
The Service will make a final decision on the 2013 proposal to list the rufa red knot as threatened under the Endangered Species Act by November 28, 2014. The Service requested a two-month extension from the U.S. District Court of D.C., as the agency had previously agreed to publish a final decision by the end of September 2014 through a settlement agreement with WildEarth Guardians and Center for Biological Diversity.

During more than 130 days of public comment periods and three public hearings since September 2013, the Service received more than 17,400 comments on the threatened listing proposal, many of which were supportive form letters, while others raised issues with the adequacy of horseshoe crab management, the impacts of wind turbines, the inclusion of interior states in the range, and other topics. The agency requested additional time to complete the final decision so that we could thoroughly analyze complex information available after the proposal, such as national and global climate assessments, and so that we could carefully consider and address extensive public comments. A thorough response to comments will be included in the final document.

Learn more...


rio grand cut throat trout
Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout. Photo credit: USFWS.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Determines ESA Protection for theRio Grande Cutthroat Trout is Not Warranted

September 2014
After review of the best available scientific and commercial information, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) found that listing the Rio Grande cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii virginalis) under the Endangered Species Act is not warranted at this time. Therefore, the Service will remove this subspecies from the candidate list. 

The Service found that the Rio Grande cutthroat trout is not in danger of extinction throughout its range or in a significant portion of its range now, nor is it likely to become so in the foreseeable future.  However, the Service is asking the public to submit any new information that becomes available concerning the status of the Rio Grande cutthroat trout at any time.

Learn more...


A girl writes on a chalk board at Valle de Oro Refuge
A girl writes on a chalkboard at Valle de Oro NWR. Photo credit: USFWS.

Fun was had by all at Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge

September 2014
Fun was had by all at a community celebration at Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge in Albuquerque, New Mexico.  The fun filled event celebrated the Refuge’s 2nd birthday, National Public Lands Day, and the completion of the land acquisition.  A variety of hands-on, family friendly activities filled the morning as young and old alike enjoyed activity booths, archery, an assortment of live critters, games, live music and free cake & ice cream.  

To learn more about the Refuge and other upcoming events, visit:

Mexican Gray Wolf. Photo credit: USFWS.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Announces $900,000 in Wolf Livestock Demonstration Project Grants

September 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced $900,000 in grants under the Wolf Livestock Demonstration Project Grant Program.  Grants will be distributed to the states of Arizona, Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Mexico, Oregon, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

The grants assist livestock producers in undertaking proactive, non-lethal activities to reduce the risk of livestock loss from predation by wolves, and compensate producers for livestock losses caused by wolves. The program provides funding to states and tribes, with federal cost-share not to exceed 50 percent.

In the southwest Arizona was awarded $40,000 and New Mexico was awarded $20,000 to be used toward depredation compensation as part of the Mexican wolf recovery effort. Additionally, Arizona was awarded $80,000 and New Mexico $50,000 to fund depredation prevention efforts.

Learn more...


Sunset birds
A small flock of migrating shorebirds rest at sunset. Photo credit: Steve Hillebrand, USFWS.

Fall Means Migration

September 2014
It’s officially autumn, and soon we will see flocks of birds migrating from the northern U.S. and Canada to make their winter homes in warmer climates. In other words, it’s the perfect time for birding!

Birding, or bird watching, is one of the fastest growing hobbies in the country. It doesn’t require any fancy equipment, just the desire to observe wild birds and their behaviors. The four states that make up the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (Service) Southwest Region (Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas) are home to 690 different migratory birds species. The Service’s Division of Migratory Birds helps protect migratory birds and their habitats.

A great place to start your birding hobby is to visit one of the Service’s National Wildlife Refuges. You can find interesting and beautiful birds on any of our 47 refuges in the Southwest. Click here for a refuge near you: . ou can also find birding guides or checklists on individual refuge Web sites.

In addition, the U.S. Geological Survey has a bird checklist you might find helpful at: A guide provides pictures and descriptions of birds; a checklist provides more detailed information, including the best time of year to see individual species.


shovel nose snake
Shovel-nosed snake. Photo credit: © Erik Enderson.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Determines That Federal Protection for Arizona’s Tucson Shovel-Nosed Snake is Not Warranted

September 2014
After a review of the best available scientific and commercial information, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) found that listing the Tucson shovel-nosed snake (Chionactis occipitalis klauberi) as an endangered or threatened species is not warranted, and, therefore, the Service will remove this subspecies from the candidate list. 

The Service determined that, based primarily on new information available subsequent to the original 12-month finding, the previously recognized threats to the Tucson shovel-nosed snake do not rise to a level of significance such that the subspecies is in danger of extinction now or likely to become so in the foreseeable future.

Learn more...


Jennifer Owen White and YCC group
Jennifer Owen-White shares her love of wildlife with members of the Youth Conservation Corps. Credit: USFWS.

Service Brings Nature to the Cities

September 2014
With 80 percent of Americans living in cities, the Fish and Wildlife Service has made it a priority to forge a connection between nature and those in urban communities. The Service's Open Spaces blog asked five questions of some of our staff members in a series we are calling “Meet your Fish and Wildlife Service,” which this week focuses on how these wildlife educators maintain ties to the natural world and help foster them in others in the context of city living.

Meet Your Fish and Wildlife Service: Jennifer Owen-White


San Bernardino
Aerial view of San Bernardino. Photo credit: C. Lohrengel.

Public Input Sought on Draft Environmental Assessment for Habitat Improvement 

September 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), in compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 has prepared a draft Environmental Assessment (EA) on a proposal to facilitate recovery of federally-listed threatened and endangered species in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico (proposed project area) using Service Cooperative Recovery Initiative Funding.

A 30 day public comment period is now open for the public to provide input into the draft EA.   

Read Draft Environmental Assessment 

Learn how to provide comments


Mount graham red squirrel
Mount Graham Red Squirrel. Photo credit: Marit Alanen, USFWS.

Pilot Breeding Program of Mount Graham Red Squirrels Officially Underway

September 2014
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) scientists, along with state wildlife agency and U.S. Forest Service partners, have been coordinating with the Phoenix Zoo to develop a pilot breeding program for the critically endangered Mount Graham red squirrel (MGRS).  Phoenix Zoo will act as the coordinator for other zoos interested in participating in this important program.  Recently, biologists with the Service collected three females and one male from the wild to bring the Zoo population to six individuals (three males, three females) needed for this project. 

The three pairs of red squirrels establish the base population for the pilot breeding program, which has now officially begun.  Eventually the Phoenix Zoo will transfer one male and one female to Miller Park Zoo in Bloomington, Illinois, possibly in the spring of 2015, with the hope of establishing a breeding pair there.

Learn more...


Secretary Jewell, Director Ashe Announce $35 Million in Grants to Boost State Endangered Species Conservation Efforts
Funding to 20 states will help collaborative efforts to conserve America’s most imperiled species

September 2014
WASHINGTON – Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director Dan Ashe today announced nearly $35 million in grants to 20 states to enable collaborative efforts to conserve many of America’s imperiled species, ranging from the red cockaded woodpecker in the Southeast to a variety of bat species in the Midwest to a colorful flower in the Rocky Mountains.

One of this year’s grants will provide $1,246,937 to the state of Texas to acquire 338 acres in Bandera County to provide habitat for the endangered golden-cheeked warbler, black-capped vireo and Tobusch fishhook cactus. Acquisition of the 338 acre Fries Ranch will connect The Nature Conservancy’s Love Creek Preserve and the Bandera Corridor Conservation Bank providing high quality habitat for these three endangered species. In addition, the acquisition will protect approximately two miles of Clark Creek and several springs benefitting salamanders and the Love Creek roundnose minnow.

A complete list of the 2014 grant awards under these programs (Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number 15.615) is available online at:

Learn more...


Beunos Aires NWR
The vast and vibrant landscape of the Refuge. Photo credit: Bonnie Swarbrick, USFWS.

Arizona PBS Segment Features Buenos Aires NWR and Volunteers

Arizona Public Media PBS recently produced a short segment capturing the spectacular beauty and wildness of Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge in southern Arizona. The segment highlights the diversity of habitat and wildlife at the Refuge and also features interviews with several Refuge volunteers. View the filmed segment below.

Learn more...
Watch coverage of Buenos Aires NWR on Arizona Public Media


Trustees Reach $4 Million Settlement with Chevron Molycorp to Restore Injured Natural Resources

September 2014
The Natural Resource Trustees - the State of New Mexico, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service and the U.S. Department of the Interior - reached a $4 million settlement to restore natural resources that were injured as a result of releases of hazardous substances from the Chevron Molycorp mine facility. The mine facility is located in Taos County, NM.

The Trustees' next step will be to conduct a public information meeting to explain how restoration projects will be identified and selected. The meeting will be announced in the local media and on the Office of Natural Resources Trustee website at

Learn more...


eagle head
Distinguished by a white head and white tail feathers, bald eagles are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. Both laws prohibit killing, selling or otherwise harming eagles, their nests, or eggs. Photo credit: John and Karen Hollingsworth, USFWS .

Edgewood Man Sentenced For Violating Federal Wildlife Laws

September 2014
A New Mexico resident was sentenced today for violating the Migratory Bird Treaty Act by selling or offering to sell Bald Eagle feathers. A member of the Lakota/Sioux Tribe of the Hunkpapa Band of Lakota, Dale N. Smith was charged as the result of an undercover investigation by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that began on March 7, 2014, and concluded with Smith’s arrest on April 10, 2014. ​This case was prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorney Paul H. Spiers. The case was investigated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement with assistance from the New Mexico Game and Fish Department, Homeland Security Investigations, the U. S. Marshals Service, and Santa Fe County Sheriff's Office.

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Background information


LPC chick
 A newly hatched chick . Photo credit: USFWS.

Endangered Attwater's Prairie-Chicken Recovery Making Gains

September 2014
Wildlife biologists are making gains in the recovery of the critically endangered Attwater's Prairie-Chicken.  Native to the coastal prairies of Texas and Louisiana, were historically up to one million of the birds lived, this icon species has been on the brink of extinction.  Learn more about what is being done to save this imperiled species. 

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Over 80% of the Kofa National Wildlife Refuge's 665,400 acres are designated as wilderness, offering excellent opportunities to explore and enjoy the desert. Photo credit: USFWS.

Happy 50th Anniversary of the Wilderness Act!

September 2014
On September 3, 1964, President Johnson signed the Wilderness Act into law, protecting the country's wildest places for generations to come. The United States was the first country in the world to define and designate wilderness through law. The law has not been substantially amended since it was passed 50 years ago.

The National Wildlife Refuge System has more than 20 million acres of designated wilderness. It has 75 wilderness areas — about one-fifth of the designated wilderness acres in the United States — on 63 refuges in 26 states.  Join in the celebration!  Visit for more information.


Bat with White-nose syndrome. Photo credit: USFWS.

Texas Receives $50,000 Grant to Work onDeadly White-Nose Syndrome Bat Disease

August 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced grant awards totaling $1,276,088 to 30 states for white-nose syndrome (WNS) projects. State natural resource agencies will use the funds to support research, monitor bat populations and detect and respond to white-nose syndrome, a disease that afflicts bats.
“Although the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service leads the national response to white-nose syndrome, we can’t do this alone,” said Wendi Weber, co-chair of the White-Nose Syndrome Executive Committee and Service northeast regional director. “State agency partners are critical in the united fight against this devastating disease.”
“White-nose syndrome has spread rapidly from one state in 2007 to 25 states and five Canadian provinces this year,” said Dr. Jeremy Coleman, the Service’s national WNS coordinator. “These grants provide essential support to our state partners in preparing for and responding to this disease. The research, monitoring, and actions made possible by these grants have yielded valuable results and insights for our national response to white-nose syndrome.”

Learn more...

Jumping mouse
New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse. Photo credit: © J. Frey.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Participates in Collaborative Efforts to Conserve the Jumping Mouse and Provide for Continued Livestock Grazing on National Forest Lands

August 2014
On June 6, 2014, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) announced that the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse (jumping mouse) would be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.  Since June, cattle growers have expressed concern over their ability to water their livestock along the streams that are home to the jumping mouse. Their concern was elevated by efforts to fence off and create exclusion zones around jumping mouse habitat on U.S. Forest Service (Forest Service) lands, restricting cattle access to these areas in order to protect the mouse.

Over the last few months, the Service has been promoting and encouraging a dialogue between all parties  to identify ways to move forward on this challenging issue. On August 19, 2014, a meeting was convened to discuss possible collaborative solutions involving livestock grazing and conservation and recovery of the jumping mouse on Forest Service grazing allotments.  Meeting participants included the New Mexico Cattle Growers Association; the San Diego Grazing Association; about 35 grazing permittees; the New Mexico Range Improvement Task Force; Forest Service staff; Congressman Ben Ray Lujan's field representative; and Service staff.

“Our goal here is two-fold: to facilitate dialog to ensure that jumping mouse habitat is conserved, and the ranching community continued their operations such that they did not adversely affect quality mouse habitat,” said Benjamin Tuggle, the Service’s Southwest Regional Director. “With all the parties agreeing to come together and discuss solutions to these challenges, I believe we will be successful.”

Learn more...


Ariel elliott SCA Directorate Fellows
Ariel Elliot completes field work at Sevilleta NWR. Credit: USFWS.

Sevilleta NWR Interns Highlight Projects

August 2014
USFWS Directorate Fellow Ariel D. Elliot and Student Conservation Association Interns Faith Carney and Nathan Tutchton are spending their summer at Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in Socorro, New Mexico.  Ariel is investigating the impacts that prairie dog reintroductions have on small mammal populations in the grassland ecosystem.  Faith and Nathan are assisting with monitoring and general refuge management.  On August 7, all three visited the Regional Office in Albuquerque, NM to highlight their projects.   

Learn more...
Visit the Refuge

Western yellow-billed cuckoo
Western yellow-billed cuckoo. Photo credit: © Mark Dettling.

Service Proposes Designation of Critical Habitat for Western Yellow-Billed Cuckoo
Agency Seeks Public Comments by October 14, 2014

August 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to designate 546,335 acres of critical habitat for the western distinct population segment (DPS) of the yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) in 80 separate units in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah and Wyoming. The bird is a neotropical migrant that winters in South America and nests along rivers and streams in western North America.

Learn more...


willow beach safety award
Dr. Benjamin Tuggle, the Service’s Southwest Regional Director, presented the award to Mark Olson, Hatchery Manager. Also pictured are Patrick McDermott, Regional Safety Manager, and Steve McEvoy, Occupational Safety Specialist for the Southwest Region. Photo credit USFWS.

Willow Beach National Fish Hatchery Recognized for Safety Excellence

August 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Southwest Region is committed to keeping employees safe by providing safe work environments. Part of this practice includes regular safety inspections and assessments to ensure adequate resources are in place and work conditions are safe from potential hazards. These inspections have also revealed good practices, which are used as examples for other offices and have significantly improved the Region’s safety record. Offices actively employing exceptional safety practices are recognized with the Excellence in Safety Award. This quarter, the award was presented to the Willow Beach National Fish Hatchery for their exceptional support of safety programs, and continued high ratings in safety assessments.


northern long-eared bat
Northern long-eared bat. Photo credit: USFWS.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Offers Online Information Sessions On Proposal to List Northern Long-eared Bat as Endangered

August 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will hold three public information webcasts in August to provide information and answer questions about our proposal to list the northern long-eared bat as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Webcasts will be Tuesday, August 19, at 1 p.m. Eastern; Wednesday, August 20, at 4 p.m. Eastern; and Thursday, August 21, at 7 p.m. Eastern.

Learn more...


Circurina travisae (synonymous with C. wartoni). Photo credit:© Piers Hendrie.

Service Determines that the Warton’s Cave Meshweaver Does Not Warrant Protection Under the Endangered Species Act

August 2014
Today, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) announced its completion of the status review of the Warton’s cave meshweaver and concluded it does not warrant protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Service made this finding based on scientific information and review that indicates that Warton’s cave meshweaver is not a distinct species and therefore not a listable entity under the ESA.

A copy of the 12-month finding and other information about the Warton’s cave meshweaver is available at http://www.regulations.govat Docket Number FWS-R2-ES-2014-0026.  Supporting documentation used in preparing this finding is available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Austin Ecological Services Field Office, 10711 Burnet Road, Suite #200, Austin, TX 78758.

Learn more...
Federal Register Notice


Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell joined by Congresswoman Michelle Lujan-Grisham, Senator Tom Udall, Senator Martin Heinrich, and USFWS Regional Director Benjamin Tuggle to announce the final land acquisition of the Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge in Albuquerque, NM. Credit USFWS​

Secretary Jewell Announces Completion of Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge

August 2014

Standing with members of the New Mexico delegation, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today announced that a diverse group of federal, state, and local partners and conservation groups supported by the Land and Water Conservation Fund have made it possible to acquire the lands needed to complete the 570-acre Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge, the Southwest’s first urban national wildlife refuge.

"The US Fish and Wildlife Service is proud to be a part of a collaboration that brings nature and communities together.” said Benjamin Tuggle, the Service’s Southwest Regional Director. “Through collaborative visioning and lots of hard work with our many partners, Valle de Oro is a community driven effort that will serve wildlife and people. As we continue our conservation journey this urban wildlife refuge will be a source of pride where this community, and especially our youth, can experience nature in their own backyard."

Read what our partners had to say
Learn More...


Secretary Sally Jewell
The Secretary of the Interior will highlight the Land and Water Conservation Fund’s contributions to urban parks, clean water, outdoor recreation and healthy economies in New Mexico during her visit.​ Credit: Lisa Whittle, USFWS.

Secretary Jewell to Join Community Leaders, Senators to Celebrate 50th Anniversary of Land and Water Conservation Fund at Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge

August 2014

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell will travel to four cities this week – in North Carolina, Indiana, New Mexico and Arizona – joining local elected officials and community partners to celebrate the positive economic impacts and successes of the Land and Water Conservation Fund as it approaches its 50th anniversary on September 3rd.

Valle de Oro sky
Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge is the Southwest’s first urban national wildlife refuge and one of eight refuges in New Mexico. Photo credit: Sarah L. Neal, 4 A Greater Good Photography.

On Friday, August 8th, as part of this celebration, the Secretary will join New Mexico Senators Tom Udall and Martin Heinrich, Representative Michelle Lujan Grisham, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Regional Director Dr. Benjamin Tuggle and state and local officials to celebrate this important anniversary and make an announcement regarding the Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge.

For more information, visit the Department of Interior's website
Read the Department of Interior's Media Advisory


sharp nose shiner
Sharpnose shiner. Photo credit: USFWS.

Sharpnose Shiner and Smalleye Shiner Protected Under the Endangered Species Act

August 2014
The sharpnose shiner and smalleye shiner – two minnows native to the arid prairie streams of Texas – are in danger of extinction, and are being listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced today. Along with the final listing decision, the Service is also designating approximately 623 miles of the Upper Brazos River Basin and the upland areas extending beyond the river channel by 98 feet on each side as critical habitat for the two fish in the Texas counties of Baylor, Crosby, Fisher, Garza, Haskell, Kent, King, Knox, Stonewall, Throckmorton and Young. The two shiner species have been candidate species since 2002.

The final rules publish in the Federal Register on August 4, 2014, and become effective 30 days after publication. More information is available online at or by contacting Debra Bills, Field Supervisor, Arlington Ecological Services Field Office, 2005 Northeast Green Oaks Blvd, Suite 140, Arlington, TX, 76006; telephone 817-277-1100. Those who use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) may call the Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) at 800-877-8339.

Learn more...
Federal Register Notice CH
Federal Register Notice Listing


championship archery
In another partnership event, young archers participated in an archery competition after receiving instruction and training. Photo credit: Dan Williams, New Mexico Department of Game and Fish.

New Mexico Outdoor Expo

July 2014
Interested in learning techniques to develop increased finesse casting a fishing line, so the lure lands with great accuracy into or onto the water? Then you don’t want to miss the New Mexico Outdoor Expo. This two-day event offers fun for the entire family with a number of free events including a catfish pond, firearm and archery target shooting, casting and fly tying, wall climbing, kayak instruction, educational exhibits and much more. Learn from experts how to improve your fishing, shooting and outdoor skills. Firearm representatives will be on hand for new product trials and demonstrations. The Expo takes place August 16, from 9 am to 5 pm and August 17, from 10 am to 4 pm. This event is hosted by the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, with support from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s federal grants program. ​

Learn more...
For more information visit the New Mexico State Wildlife site.



Mexican Wolf Hawks Nest Alpha male
Hawks Nest pack alpha male M1038. Credit: George Andrejko AGFD.

Service Updates Proposed Rule Changes for Mexican Wolf Reintroduction, Releases Draft Evaluation of Impacts

July 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), has updated its June 2013 proposed revisions to the existing nonessential experimental population designation of the Mexican wolf under the Endangered Species Act to provide additional clarity and flexibility to effectively manage the experimental population in a working landscape.   We are also announcing the availability of a draft environmental impact statement on the proposed revisions.  A 60-day public comment period is reopening (through Sept. 23).

Learn more...
Draft EIS
Revised 10(j)
Mexican Wolf Recovery Website


Cienega de Mata area of Jalisco. Credit: Aimee Roberson
The group visited the Cienega de Mata area of Jalisco to learn more about the conservation and management of grassland ecosystems of the area. Credit: Aimee Roberson, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Trans-Boundary Collaboration Meeting held in Aguascalientes, Mexico

July 2014
The Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC) held its first ever international meeting in Mexico, July 8-10, 2014. The Desert LCC is an international partnership that brings together managers, stakeholders, communities and others to collectively address landscape conservation in the major desert and mountain regions of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Seventy-nine people from the U.S. and Mexico met at the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes to strengthen the international foundation for the partnership and to further engage the Mexican conservation community in advancing cooperative conservation across the region.

Learn more...


Zuni bluehead sucker
Zuni bluehead sucker. Photo credit Angela James, USFWS.

Zuni Bluehead Sucker Warrants Protection Under the Endangered Species Act

July 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced the final listing of the Zuni bluehead sucker (Catostomus discobolus yarrowi) as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Zuni bluehead sucker – a small, slender, torpedo-shaped fish – is endemic to the headwaters of the Little Colorado River and the Zuni River watersheds in east-central Arizona and west-central New Mexico. This final listing rule will become effective August 25, 2014.

The Zuni bluehead sucker is in decline due to the combined effects of the following factors: habitat destruction, modification, and degradation resulting from water withdrawal (stream drying); sedimentation; impoundments; livestock grazing; spread of non-native species; predation by non-native species such as the green sunfish, northern crayfish, and red swamp crayfish. In addition, small population size and restricted ranges of the species make the Zuni bluehead sucker population vulnerable to stochastic events, such as wildfire and drought.

Learn more...


Jumping mouse
New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse. Photo credit: © J. Frey.

Service Works with U.S. Forest Service to Protect New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse Habitat While Providing Access to Water for Cattle

July 2014
Responding to concerns from livestock producers the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is coordinating with the U.S. Forest Service to provide water access for livestock grazing on Forest Service allotments in the Apache-Sitgraves National Forest, Lincoln National Forest, and Santa Fe National Forest. The Forest Service will be erecting cattle exclusion fences around sensitive jumping mouse habitat to allow the vegetation needed by the mouse to regenerate. In each of these cattle exclusion areas there will be “cattle lanes” that will allow cattle access to needed drinking water.

Learn more...


prairie dog
The Service’s Grant program has helped protect the black-tailed prairie dog by funding the development and testing of a treatment for sylvatic plague. ​ Credit USFWS.​

Grants Awarded for Wildlife Conservation Projects

July 2014
Imperiled species will benefit from a total of $5.6 million in grants through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s competitive State Wildlife Grants program. These grants will be used for projects that conserve and recover wildlife identified by the respective states as Species of Greatest Conservation Need. The 12 states receiving grants are: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Carolina and Washington.

Learn more...

Learn more about each of the grant projects


ocelot running

The male ocelot  om279 after he was fitted with a tracking collar. Credit: USFWS.

Fourth Endangered Ocelot Killed on Texas Highway

July 2014
An endangered male ocelot was killed on State Highway 100 between Laguna Vista and Los Fresnos, Texas, on July 9, 2014.  It is the fourth documented endangered ocelot killed by a vehicle on this stretch of highway and is the third in the last four years since a concrete traffic barrier was constructed.  The loss of this ocelot is significant in that he was 20% of the current breeding male population at Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge in south Texas.   

Learn more...  

Learn more about Laguna Atascosa NWR  


clean vessel act
Through the Clean Vessel Act grant program, more than 1 million gallons of sewage is disposed of annually through pump out stations such as this one, resulting in cleaner waters and healthier aquatic ecosystems. Credit USFWS.

Nearly $1 Million in CVA Grants Awarded in Southwest

July 2014
n support of recreational boating and clean water, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is awarding $16.6 million in grants to 21 states under the Clean Vessel Act (CVA) program. Four of these grants, totaling $929,904, will be awarded in the Southwest Region – one each in Arizona and Oklahoma and two in Texas. Arizona will receive an inland grant of $160,000. Oklahoma will be awarded an inland grant of $304,904. Texas will be awarded two CVA grants; a coastal grant of $240,000 and an inland grant
of $225,000.

Learn more...

Learn more on the CVA program



bald eagle nest
Eagle nest on old transmission tower. Credit: USFWS, Debra Bills
Arlington ESFO Supervisor Debra Bills and Oncor's Kaylynne Beck observe relocation efforts
Arlington ESFO Supervisor Debra Bills and Oncor's Kaylynne Beck observe relocation efforts. Credit: USFWS, Debra Bills

Service works with Oncor and Other Partners to Relocate Eagle Nest

July 2014
On Saturday, July 12th and Sunday, July 13th Oncor, a local utility company, relocated a bald eagle nest at the John Bunker Wetland Center in Seagoville, Texas. The relocation effort was a cooperative effort that included the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Arlington Ecological Services Field Office, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Migratory Bird Program, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Falcon Steel and the John Bunker Sands Wetland Center.

In 2012, a pair of bald eagles built a nest on an electric transmission tower at the John Bunker Sands Wetland Center. The eagle’s nest was brought to the attention of Oncor in 2013, when the eagles returned to the nest on the tower. Representatives of Oncor contacted the Service to report the nest and request assistance in protecting the nest. Oncor and the Service were concerned about the location of the eagle’s nest because it was built on a 345 kilovolt transmission line. This presented a danger to the eagles and their offspring should the transmission line need emergency maintenance from a power outage. Oncor and the Service worked together to develop a plan to protect the eagles by installing an identical “dummy” transmission tower near the original nest location and move the existing nest to the new tower after the eaglets fledged. The “dummy” tower used was generously donated by Falcon Steel.

bald eagle nest on transmission arm
Eagle nest on transmission arm. Credit: Oncor
relocated bald eagle nest
Eagle nest safely relocated to new tower. Credit: Oncor
Oncor and the Service intended to move the nest in 2013, however, the eagles returned to the empty nest much sooner than anticipated and the re-location effort had to be postponed until the completion of the nest cycle in 2014. Representatives from Oncor monitored the nest for the last several weeks and in early July, two eagles successfully fledged and became fully independent, providing Oncor an opportunity to transfer the nest. The Service greatly appreciates Oncor’s commitment to work with us to protect the eagles at the John Bunker Sands Wetland Center. We look forward to the return of the eagles next year to their safer nest location.

NBC News story


Caracara in tree
Often referred to as the "Mexican eagle," Crested Caracaras are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Endangered Species Act. The Crested Caracara ranges from northern Mexico to Tierra del Fuego, in the United States it occurs along the southern border, primarily in Texas and Arizona. Credit: USFWS

Investigation Leads to Seizure of Illegal Taxidermy and More

July 2014
Oklahoma - An investigation stemming from the attempted sale of stolen ATVs, led to the seizure of a Caracara Mexican Eagle, Scimitar Oryx, Addax and several duck mounts from the Triple S Wildlife Ranch and Resort in Calvin, Oklahoma. A number of stolen ATVs and two stolen tractors used in the daily operations of the ranch were also seized. Officials from the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry's Investigative Services Division with assistance from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Oklahoma Veterinary Medical Examiners and the Oklahoma Highway Patrol, executed the warrant for State and Federal violations on July 9, 2014.

Learn more...
Oklahoma Dept. of Agriculture Facebook page
News Coverage


N-H gartersnake Northern Mexican gartersnake
N-H Gartersnake. Photo credit: © Tom Brennan. Northern Mexican Gartersnake. Photo credit: Jeff Servoss.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Determines ESA Protection Warranted forTwo Southwest Gartersnakes

July 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has determined that threatened species status under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is warranted for the northern Mexican gartersnake (Thamnophis eques megalops) and the narrow-headed gartersnake (Thamnophis rufipunctatus), native species in Arizona and New Mexico. Both species will be listed as threatened throughout their range. Under the ESA, a “threatened” listing means the species is likely to become in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future; this status is a step below “endangered” and allows for more flexibility in how the Act’s protections are implemented. This rule becomes effective August 7, 2014.

This final listing rule includes a special rule under section 4(d) of the ESA that will exempt operation and maintenance of livestock tanks on private, state and tribal lands from the prohibitions on “take” of listed species. Some northern Mexican gartersnakes occupy stock tanks, or impoundments maintained by cattlemen as livestock watering holes. The special rule will allow landowners to construct new stock tanks and to continue to use and maintain those stock tanks on non-federal lands, which may be occupied by northern Mexican gartersnakes, without the need for further regulation.

Learn more...
AESO page(s):


Comment Period Reopened for Listing Northern Long-eared Bat as Endangered

July 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has reopened the comment period for 60 days, through August 29, 2014, on a proposal to list the northern long-eared bat as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. The Service has also extended the agency’s deadline to April 2, 2015, to make its final decision on whether to list the species. The Service proposed to list the bat as endangered on October 2, 2013, citing white-nose syndrome, a disease that has killed millions of bats, as the greatest threat to the species. 

Learn more...


Bald eagle
Bald Eagles are amongst more than 1000 wild birds protected under the federal wildlife laws, including the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and the Lacey Act. Photo credit: USFWS.

New Mexico Resident Pleads Guilty to Violating Federal Wildlife Laws Prohibiting Sale of Eagle Feathers

June 2014
A 60-year-old resident of Edgewood, New Mexico, pleaded guilty this morning to violating the Migratory Bird Treaty Act by selling or offering to sell Bald Eagle feathers. The criminal complaint cited violations of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the Lacey Act and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. The Edgewood resident faces a maximum statutory penalty of two years in prison to be followed by a term of supervised release and a $250,000 fine. The sentencing hearing will be scheduled at a later time. This case is being prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorney Paul H. Spiers and was investigated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement with assistance from the New Mexico Game and Fish Department, Homeland Security Investigations, the U. S. Marshals Service, and Santa Fe County Sheriff's Office.

Learn more...


Dave Thomas helps with outreach
Student DeWayne Thomas assists at an outreach event. Photo credit: USFWS.

Oklahoma Youth Gaining Job and Life Experiences on National Wildlife Refuge

June 2014
Little River National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) in Broken Bow, Oklahoma is partnering with the Choctaw Nation Summer Youth Program (Program) to provide a meaningful summer work experience for a local youth.  DeWayne Thomas, a 15 year old student that attends Broken Bow High School, will spend five weeks this summer working alongside Refuge staff.  

DeWayne has a strong interest in the outdoors and spends much of his free time fishing.  He is excited to be working for the Refuge to learn more about natural resource management and protection.  Already this summer, he has assisted with an educational outreach event and is building bird nest boxes. And, as part of the Choctaw Nation Summer Youth Program, he will have a positive introduction to the workforce and will gain life-long learning and job skills.

“We are very happy to be partnering with the Choctaw Nation and to be getting the opportunity to provide a young person, someone just starting out in the workforce, a positive work experience.  And with DeWayne’s love of the outdoors it was a perfect fit” stated Refuge Manager David Weaver.  

Dave Thomas makes bird boxes
DeWayne constructing bird nest boxes. Photo credit: USFWS.

Other job duties lined up for DeWayne this summer include invasive species management, facilities maintenance, and trail work.  After high school, DeWayne plans to attend college and pursue a career in the medical field, but you can be sure he will always find time for his outdoor passions.

Learn more about the Choctaw Nation Summer Youth Program.  

Read more information on Little River National Wildlife Refuge.  


Operation Crash evidence
Pictured are items seized by the USFWS LE agents during the Operation Crash investigation. Items shown include rhino horns and parts. Photo credit: USFWS.

Texas Man Pleads Guilty to Rhino and Ivory Smuggling Conspiracy

June 2014
A resident of Frisco, Texas, and an appraiser of Asian art, pleaded guilty on June 24, 2014 in federal court to participating in an illegal wildlife smuggling conspiracy in which rhinoceros horns and objects made from rhino horn and elephant ivory worth nearly $1 million were smuggled from the United States to China. This case was identified as part of “Operation Crash” – a nationwide effort led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Justice Department to investigate and prosecute those involved in the black market trade of rhinoceros horns and other protected species. “This guilty plea by another participant in one of the largest criminal trafficking rings we’ve ever investigated – as well as the unprecedented jail time given to the rings’ leader last month – serves notice to other poachers and smugglers that we are clamping down hard on those who break international wildlife laws,” said U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Director Ashe.

Learn more...
Operation Crash interviews with Director Ashe and Law Enforcement Chief William Woody
Read about Operation Crash


American alligator
The American alligator is one of two living species of alligator. It has been hunted since the 19th century for its valuable leather and, until the 1960s, the trade was largely unregulated. Photo credit: D. Scott Lipsey/USFWS.

Texas Man Found Guilty of Killing an American Alligator

June 2014
Beaumont, Texas - An Angelina County Man found guilty in October 2013 of killing a Neches River alligator was sentenced on June 24, 2014, to pay $5,000 in restitution and serve one year probation, with the loss of all hunting rights during that period. During the investigation law enforcement agents discovered that a 13-foot American alligator, weighing approximately 800 pounds, was illegally shot and killed with a .22 caliber rifle. The Endangered Species Act prohibits the taking of an American alligator contrary to any federal or state regulations. This case was led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement, in Houston, Texas in cooperation with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Criminal Investigations Division. It was prosecuted in the Eastern District of Texas.

Learn more...
Department of Justice News Release on case


Service employee Jennifer Owen-White and Refuge System mascot Honker pose with the new sign designating the garden
Service employee Jennifer Owen-White and Refuge System mascot Honker pose with the new sign designating the garden. Photo credit: USFWS.

First Urban Wildlife Refuge Partnership Project in Southwest Celebrated

June 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, along with its partners and local community members, celebrated the establishment of a “mini-refuge” community garden in Albuquerque’s south valley neighborhood.  This project highlights the success of creative partnerships that engage urban audiences in conservation and is part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Urban Wildlife Refuge Initiative.  

The garden will serve as a “mini-refuge” experience for local community members and students to help them better understand national wildlife refuges. As the garden becomes more developed over the next several years it will include a pollinator garden, nature

local community members and partners gather for the celebration
Local community members and partners gather for the celebration. Photo credit: USFWS.

explore classroom and educational signage.  Local students helped plant the garden and are looking forward to fun, hands-on learning experiences the “mini-refuge” will provide.

Learn more...



biologists holding rzorback sucker from Grand Canyon
Fisheries biologists with BIO-WEST, Inc. Ron Kegerries holding Razorback sucker, Brandon Albrecht in rear. Photo credit: Mark McKinstry, USBR.

Once Thought Locally Extinct, Endangered Razorback Suckers Discovered Spawning in Grand Canyon National Park

June 2014
GRAND CANYON, Ariz. – The Department of the Interior announced today that researchers recently discovered Razorback suckers (Xyrauchen texanus), an endangered fish species, spawning in the lower Colorado River within Grand Canyon National Park. The detection of larval Razorback suckers, believed to have been missing from the Grand Canyon since the 1990s, provides evidence that these fish may be naturally reproducing in an area where the species has not been seen in more than 20 years.  The larval fish were first detected on April 14, 2014 and again in multiple samples from both April and May, confirming the occurrence of spawning and indicating that suitable habitat is available to support larger populations of this species. Unique to the Colorado River Basin, Razorback suckers were once widespread and abundant throughout the Colorado River and its tributaries from the Green River in Wyoming to the Gulf of California.   Because of basin-wide alterations in habitat and the introduction of nonnative species, however, spawning and survival to adulthood were known to occur only in Lake Mead National Recreation Area.

Learn more...


M1051 Wolf and pup
Coronado pack M1051 with pup investigating enclosure at Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility. Photo credit: USFWS.

Update on the Mexican Wolf Coronado Pack

June 2014
In mid-May, the Coronado alpha female (AF) 1126 and her four pups were transported from the Blue Range Wolf Recovery Area to the Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility.  An update on the progress of the pack is now available.

Learn more...




wild bison at Wichita Mountains NWR
Wild bison at Wichita Mountains NWR. Photo credit: USFWS.

Young Science Detectives Help with Valued Research at Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge

June 2014
Local students participating in a science camp became hands-on detectives and valued researchers at Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma. Students are studying the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria from agricultural cattle populations to wild bison and longhorn at the Refuge.

Learn more...


Kevin Vaughn, Rick Cantu and others get fish ready to fry.
Kevin Vaughn, Rick Cantu and others get fish ready to fry. Photo credit: USFWS.

Steve Harvey Mentoring Event - June 13, 2014

June 2014
Dallas, Texas. On Friday, June 13, 2014, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Arlington Ecological Services Field Office, working with staff from the Service’s Dallas/Fort Worth Office of Law Enforcement, Inks Dam National Fish Hatchery, Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge, Southwest Regional Office, and the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, participated in the Steve Harvey Mentoring Program for Young Men. The Event, held at Mr. Harvey’s property in north Dallas, Texas, provides more than 100 inner- city teenage boys the chance to experience the outdoors and learn about the values and skills they will need as adults.

Learn more...


Service Reopens Public Comment on Managing Oil and Gas Development on National Wildlife Refuge System Lands

June 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has reopened the public comment period on an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) to gain additional information that will aid in the development of a proposed rule on managing activities associated with non-Federal oil and gas development on lands and waters of the National Wildlife Refuge System. The extended comment period will be opened until July 9, 2014. Information already submitted does not need to be resubmitted.

Learn more..
Read additional information on proposed rulemaking
Federal Register Notice


New Mexico Meadow Jumping mouse
New Mexico Meadow Jumping mouse.Photo credit: Jennifer Frey.

Service Announces Protection of the New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse Under the Endangered Species Act

June 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced the final listing of the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse – a small furry mammal found on riparian areas and wetlands in New Mexico, southern Colorado and eastern Arizona – as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The final rule will publish in the Federal Register on June 10, 2014, and will be effective 30 days after publication.  The Service’s determination that the jumping mouse warrants listing as an endangered species is based on the significant decline of its populations in occupied localities due to cumulative habitat loss and fragmentation across its range, of which 95 percent is on federal and state lands. Ongoing habitat loss is expected to result in additional extirpations of populations. The primary sources of habitat loss include impacts from grazing, water management and use, drought (exacerbated by climate change) and wildfires (also exacerbated by climate change). 

Learn more...


Cross fostering wolf pups
Cross fostering wolf pups. Photo credit: USFWS.

First Mexican Wolf Pups Cross-Fostered in the Wild

May 2014
The Mexican Wolf Interagency Field Team (IFT) has conducted the first cross-fostering of Mexican wolf pups in the wild. Cross-fostering is a technique to move very young pups from one litter into a different, similar-age litter with the hope that the receiving pack will raise them as their own. Two pups from the six-pup litter of the recently released Coronado pack female were transplanted into the three-pup litter of the Dark Canyon pack female on the Gila National Forest in New Mexico on May 15.

Learn more...
Learn more about the Mexican Wolf Recovery


American burying beetlw
American bburying beetle. Photo credit: USFWS

Service Approves Industry Conservation Plan for the American Burying Beetle

May 2014
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) approved a plan to streamline the Endangered Species Act (ESA) permitting process for oil and gas activities that may result in take of the American burying beetle (ABB) in Oklahoma. The approved Industry Conservation Plan (ICP) provides industry with a mechanism to move forward with oil and gas projects in ABB habitat during the 2014 and 2015 ABB active season.

The approved ICP covers take of the ABB that is incidental to activities associated with oil and gas exploration and the construction, operation, maintenance, repair and decommissioning of oil and gas pipelines and related well fields. It provides oil and gas operators the ability to proceed with projects in covered counties while conserving the American burying beetle and its habitat. The ICP will cover construction activities for two years and operations and maintenance activities will be covered for 20 years.

News Release
Oklahoma ESFO ICP web page


Kemps' Ridley sea turtle
Kemp's Ridley sea turtle preparing to nest. Photo credit: NPS

Sea Turtle Nesting Season Begins Again on the Texas Coast
Public Asked to be Observant

May 2014
This year’s sea turtle nesting season began on April 1, 2014. Last year, the number of Kemp’s ridley sea turtle nests found in Texas decreased from a high of 209 nests in 2013 to 153 nests in 2013. Biologists want to stress the importance of locating and protecting every sea turtle nest on the Texas Gulf Coast. By keeping an eye out for Kemp’s ridley sea turtles on the Texas coast you can help protect this critically endangered sea turtle.

Learn More...


2014 Morgart Award Winners
Grant Harris (left) and Matt Butler are the recipients of the 2014 John R. Morgart Award for Outstanding Contribution to Scientific Publications. Photo credit: Aaron Archibeque, USFWS

Southwest Region Honors Employees

May 2014
At the May 13, 2014, All Employee Meeting, the Southwest Region honored several outstanding employees with two noteworthy awards. The John R. Morgart Award for Outstanding Contribution to Scientific Publications is presented annually to a Southwest Region employee(s) who publish significant monographs, technical journal articles and other scientific writings. This year, Matt Butler and Grant Harris, with the Refuge program’s Division of Biological Science, and Bradley Strobel, formerly of Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, were recognized for their paper entitled "Influence of whooping crane population dynamics on its recovery and management" published in Biological Conservation 162:89-99.

Recovery Award Winner
Recovery Champion Team Award winner Christa Weise was recognized for her work in Sonoran pronghorn sheep recovery. Photo credit: Aaron Archibeque, USFWS
The Region 2 winners of the 2013 Recovery Champion awards were also announced at the May 13, 2014, All Employee Meeting. This award honors Service employees and our partners for outstanding efforts to conserve and protect endangered and threatened species of fish, wildlife and plants. We are proud to recognize James Atkinson, Sonoran Pronghorn Recovery Team Leader, and Christa Weise, Ph.D., Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Biologist, for their outstanding efforts to conserve and recover Sonoran pronghorn. Donna J. Shaver, Ph.D., from the National Park Service’s Padre Island National Seashore, was also recognized for her exceptional efforts on behalf of Kemp’s ridley sea turtle conservation and recovery.

Learn More...


Tom Shearer with green sea turtle
USFWS biologist Tom Shearer with a green sea turtle. Photo credit: USFWS

A Day in the Life of a Southwest Region Biologist

May 2014
Tom Shearer, wildlife biologist from the Texas Coastal Ecological Services Field Office, holding a juvenile endangered green sea turtle he recovered during one of his wildlife patrols while looking for oiled wildlife along the beach on the Matagorda Is. Unit of Aransas NWR, during the Texas ‘Y’ oil spill response. Tom was one of several Service staff that conducted the wildlife patrols along the Matagorda beach. Tom has been the Service lead for Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle recovery since 2004. He works with a group of volunteers from the Texas Master Naturalists/Friends of Aransas NWR that have been coming to the beach on Matagorda Is. since 2003, during the Kemp’s nesting season each spring to look for and record the nests. Usually they are moved, due to invasive predators (hogs, fire ants) and other threats. When he is not working with wildlife Tom also serves as office IT support in the Corpus Field office.

Allens Hummingbird
Hummingbirds are our smallest bird. The Allen's Hummingbird reaches only 3 to 3½ inches (75 to 90 mm) in length as a mature adult. The male has a green back and forehead, with rust-colored rufous flanks, rump, and tail. Photo credit: Lee Karney, USFWS.

Dallas Man Indicted for Smuggling Hummingbirds from Mexico to US

May 2014
TYLER, Texas — The Department of Justice issued a news release regarding the indictment of a 53-year-old Dallas resident charged with smuggling dead hummingbirds from Mexico on May 14, 2014. According to the indictment, an estimated 61 dead hummingbirds, of various varieties, were unlawfully imported into the United States for sale from February 2013 through January 2014. The five-count indictment specifically alleges that the importation of dead hummingbirds violates the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), the Lacey Act, the federal smuggling law, and Texas State Law. This case is being investigated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorney Jim Noble.

Read news coverage on this case:


Tres Rios
City of Phoenix’s Tres Rios Wetlands along the Gila River below the Estrella Mountains. Photo credit: Mike Martinez, USFWS.

City of Phoenix to Manage Tres Rios Wetlands to Aid Endangered Species

Tres Rios aerial
 The 927-acre Tres Rios Project will host wetland species in an urban desert environment west of Phoenix. Photo credit: Courtesy of City of Phoenix.

May 2014
The City of Phoenix is developing and maintaining habitat at the Tres Rios Environmental Restoration Project that is suitable for the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher and Yuma clapper rail. The City has committed to maintain approximately 927 acres of native wetland and riparian vegetation on portions along the Salt and Gila rivers that could currently attract and support these bird species, and is expected to continue to improve.

Learn more...
City of Phoenix Tres Rios website

Young male ocelot is released into wild
After being examined, the young ocelot is released back to the refuge. Photo credit: USFWS.

Second Young Ocelot Discovered at Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge

May 2014
Rio Hondo, Texas – After a female ocelot kitten was photographed by trail cameras in March, another young ocelot has made its presence known, this time a male. The young male ocelot is estimated to be around one-year in age. Service Wildlife Biologists were pleased to announce that the ocelot appears to be in good health. At this stage, the male ocelot has transitioned from kitten to juvenile. Biologists believe the juvenile ocelot will stay with its mother for up to another year before going out on his own. The current number of known ocelots on the refuge is now 12, with five females and seven males.

Learn more...


Officer Robert Fortiz receives Valor Award
Officer Robert Fortiz receives Valor Award. Officer Fortiz is fourth from the right. Photo credit: DOI.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Employee Wins Valor Award at Department Honor Awards Convocation

May 2014
The Department of Interior held the 69th Honor Awards Convocation ceremony to honor Interior employees whose actions are above and beyond their offical duties. The Occupational Health and Safety Award of Excellence, Distinguished Service Award, Citizen’s Award for Bravery, and the Valor Award were the awards presented at the ceremony.

This year Robert Fortiz, a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Sevice Federal Wildlife Officer, was awarded the Valor Award in recognition of his acts of tremendous courage which involved a high degree of personal risk in the face of danger. On October 12, 2011, Officer Fortiz, was the first on the scene of a vehicle rollover accident in Arizona. The vehicle had rolled over in a sharp bend of road and was at risk of being struck by oncoming traffic. Without hesitation, Officer Fortiz risked his own life by climbing into the flipped vehicle, helped a woman who was struggling to get out of the vehicle to safety, and then returned to the vehicle to extricate a small child trapped upside down in a car seat. The child was taken to a nearby hospital and later released.

Officer Fortiz's actions, quick thinking, and tremendous courage, at great risk to his own personal safety, in order to save the lives of two other individuals, are the exemplary characteristics that earned him the Department's highest honor.

Thank you Officer Fortiz for your bravery and your service.


Student releases fish from classroom into native waters
Student releases fish from Fish in the Classroom project into native waters. Photo credit: USFWS.

Fish in the Classroom Projects Release Fish

May 2014
Two Native Fish in the Classroom events hosted by the New Mexico Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office have been held this month, allowing students who have raised and learned about fish as a class project, to release those fish into natural waters here in New Mexico. 

The first release took place in Pilar, NM on Saturday May third, and the second release took place on Thursday May eighth near the Bosque School in Albuquerque.  

Besides the release, activities and games were held for the students provided by the Service and its partners. Both events were very successful, and the students really enjoyed releasing their fish and getting to spend the day outside.  

See more images on the Southwest Region Facebook page.
Read the Bye, Bye Fishy poem.


Junior Duck Stamp First Place winner
"Aloha Nene," winner of the 2014 Junior Duck Stamp Best of Show, created by Lily Zhang.

2014 New Mexico Junior Duck Stamp Winners Honored at Valle de Oro NWR

Junior Duck Stamp group
2014 Junior Duck Stamp place winners: (front row, left to right) Tara Wood, Alisha Richard, Lily Zhang, Isabel Otero, Dylan Zinn; (back row) Kylie Colvill, Isaiah Abeyta, Refuge Manager Jennifer Owen-White, Adrienne Warner.  Photo by Mena Roth.

May 2014

This year, 210 New Mexico students have shown how much they care about saving wetland habitat by submitting original artworks depicting ducks, geese, and swans of North America in the just-completed Junior Duck Stamp Conservation and Design Contest. The entries came from Kindergarten through 12th Grade students from 17 schools, home school programs, and art studio or academy classes located across the state.  A ceremony was held at the Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge on May 3 to honor the winners.  The public and media were also invited to attend.

Learn more...


Fire spreads along state road
Fire spreads through brush along a road. Photo credit: USFWS.

Cost of Fighting Wildfires in 2014 Projected to be Millions of Dollars Over Available Funding

May 2014
According to a Congressionally-mandated report issued today, the U.S. Forest Service and the Department of the Interior (DOI) are projected to spend over $470 million more than is available to fight wildfires this season. According to the report, the Forest Service and Interior may need to spend $1.8 billion fighting fires this year, while the agencies have only $1.4 billion available for firefighting.

Learn more...
Read more about fire management in the Southwest Region
Read the report


Students learn at the 2014 Texas Envirothon
Students learn about endangered species at the 2014 Texas Envirothon. Photo credit: USFWS.

The 2014 Texas Envirothon Held in Clear Lake, Texas

May 2014
Coastal Ecological Services biologists A.J. Vale and Jeff Hill participated in the 2014 Texas Envirothon held April 5-7, 2014 in Clear Lake, Texas. “Envirothon is North America's largest high school environmental competition. High schools from throughout Texas send teams of students to compete in the Envirothon competition.

Learn more...


Leslie Gray Talks with visitors at Earth Day, Texas
Lesli Gray talks with visitors at Earth day, Texas, Pollinator Wheel. Photo credit: USFWS.

Fish and Wildlife Service Participates in Earth Day Texas 2014

May 2014

Visitors enjoy the USFWS booth at the 2014 Earth Day Texas
Visitors enjoy the booth at the 2014 Earth Day, Texas. Photo credit: USFWS.

On April 26 and April 27, Region 2 staff from the Oklahoma Tishomingo Fish Hatchery, the Oklahoma Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge and the Arlington Ecological Services Field Office participated in the 2014 Earth Day Texas Event. The Event, held at Fairview Park, Dallas, Texas, is aimed at raising environmental awareness and was attended by an estimated 50,000 people. 

Learn more...


Regional Director and Coast Guard captain O'Grydziak review oil spill area
Benjamin Tuggle (left), the Service's Southwest Regional Director, consults on the dispersion map with Coast Guard Captain Randal O'Grydziak, the Unified Incident Commander, during a visit to the Port O'Connor (TX) Incident Command Center. Photo credit: Nancy Brown, USFWS.

Service’s Southwest Region Responds to the Texas City Y Oil Spill

April 2014
On March 22, 2014, a bulk carrier moving through the Houston (TX) ship channel collided with a barge carrying oil, which resulted in approximately 168,000 gallons of marine fuel oil being released into Galveston Bay and dispersing into the Gulf of Mexico.  The Service’s Southwest Region immediately mobilized to support to the U.S. Coast Guard and other participating agencies through the Unified Incident Command.  The spill – named the Texas City Y Spill based on the fact that the spill site is near the intersection of three major waterways – comes just as migratory shorebird season approaches.  

Learn more...

Galveston Oil Spill Wildlife ImpactsVideo. Credit: Texas Parks and Wildlife 













Lesser prairie chicken
Lesser prairie chicken. Photo credit: © R. Douglas Holt.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lists Lesser Prairie-Chicken as Threatened Species and Finalizes Special Rule Endorsing Landmark State Conservation Plan
Special Rule Establishes Unprecedented Conservation Partnership with States to Provide Regulatory Certainty for Landowners and Businesses; Enables States to Maintain Lead Management for Conservation Efforts

In response to the rapid and severe decline of the lesser prairie-chicken, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced the final listing of the species as threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), as well as a final special rule under section 4(d) of the ESA that will limit regulatory impacts on landowners and businesses from this listing. Under the law, a “threatened” listing means the species is likely to become in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future; it is a step below “endangered” under the ESA and allows for more flexibility in how the Act’s protections are implemented.

The final rule to list the lesser prairie-chicken as threatened and the final special rule will publish in the Federal Register and will be effective 30 days after publication.

Learn more...
Final Conservation Efforts Table
Final 4d Rule
Final Listing Rule (1.76 Mb)


Mexican wolf
Mexican gray wolf. Photo credit: USFWS.
Coexistance Council Logo

An 11-member Coexistence Council has developed an innovative plan to reduce conflicts between Mexican gray wolves and cattle. Coexistence Council logo (Coexistence Council published and has provided use permission).

Mexican Wolf/Livestock Coexistence Council Unveils Innovative Strategic Plan

An 11-member volunteer group of livestock producers, tribes, environmental groups, and county coalitions has developed an innovative Strategic Mexican Wolf Coexistence Plan to reduce wolf/livestock conflicts, and decrease the need for management removals of depredating or nuisancewolves. The goals of the Plan are to sustain viable ranching, protect healthy western landscapes, and advance a wild, self-sustaining Mexican gray wolf population. The Plan is comprised of three core strategies: payments for wolf presence, funding for conflict avoidance measures, and funding for depredation compensation.

FWS and an 11-member Coexistence Council have developed an innovative plan to reduce conflicts between Mexican gray wolves and cattle. Photo credit: © Scott Baxter Photography, courtesy of Scott Baxter Photography.

Learn more...

Wolf/Livestock Coexistence Council website

Mexican Wolf Coexistence Plan

Learn More about Mexican Wolf Recovery





Video credit: Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Researchers Use GPS to Track Whooping Cranes

Texas Coast – A partnership of researchers from multiple agencies and organizations, including representatives from the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Canadian Wildlife Service, Platte River Recovery Implementation Program, Crane Trust, Parks Canada, Gulf Coast Bird Observatory, and the International Crane Foundation, conducted a study of whooping cranes using lightweight GPS devices. With these devices, researchers are able to track individual whooping cranes of the Aransas –Wood Buffalo population, the only naturally wild flock of whooping cranes in existence.

Learn more...
Watch the video courtesy of Texas Parks and Wildlife Department


Southwest Region News Releases

Search additional archived news releases for the Southwest Region

Refuges Trailcam Gallery
Wolf Recovery Program
New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse
Wilderness 50 Aniversary
R2 LE Agent Receives Honor Award for Role in Operation Black Gold
Learn more...
Summer Jobs at Trinity River NWR
Liberty, Texas - The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge, through the Youth Conservation Corps program, is seeking applications from young men and women age 15 to 18 for two summer positions.
Learn more...

The Arizona Game and Fish Department recognizes two of our employees
Learn more...

Science Leadership Award
Grant Harris receives recognition for scientific leadership
Learn more...
Southwest Region's Wounded Warriors
There are eight Wounded Warriors who have joined our ranks
Learn more...

Two New Refuges
Two new refuges in the Southwest Region are the 559th and 560th refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System.
Learn more...


Read About the First TWG Funded Aviary in the US
TWG Funded Aviary

Last updated: October 1, 2014