Service Recommends Delisting One Species, Downlisting Two Species, No Status Change for 24 Others; Initiates Status Review of 56 Species
Service Seeks Latest Scientific Information on Species Health, Population Trends
March 29, 2013
Jane Hendron, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 760-431-9440 ext. 205
Robert Moler, Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office, 916-414-6600
Stephanie Weagley, Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office, 805-512-6758
Jeannie Stafford, Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 775-861-6336
Matt Baun, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 530-841-3119
SACRAMENTO: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced the completion of 5-year reviews for 27 plant and animal species in California and Nevada. Of the reviews being announced today, the Service is recommending delisting the island night lizard, and downlisting the San Clemente Island Indian paintbrush and San Clemente Island broom from endangered to threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). No change in status is recommended for 24 species reviewed.
The 5-year reviews are required by section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA. This list of completed reviews incorporates species that were noticed for review on March 22, 2006, February 14, 2007, March 5, 2008, May 21, 2010, January 19, 2011, May 25, 2011, and April 27, 2012. The 5-year review constitutes a recommendation by the Service.
A list of the status reviews completed between March 1, 2012 and January 31, 2013 will publish in the Federal Register April 1, 2013 and is available for public inspection today at http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2013-07495_PI.pdf
Management responsibilities for each species are assigned to a Fish and Wildlife Office (FWO) within the Service’s Pacific Southwest Region. Information about these species is available on the following offices’ websites:
Arcata FWO (www.fws.gov/arcata): Behren’s silverspot butterfly
Carlsbad FWO (www.fws.gov/carlsbad): Island night lizard, mountain yellow-legged frog, San Clemente Island broom (lotus), San Clemente Island bush-mallow, San Clemente Island Indian paintbrush, Santa Cruz Island rock-cress, and willowy monardella
Nevada FWO (www.fws.gov/nevada): Carson wandering skipper, Clover Valley speckled dace, desert dace, Hiko White River springfish, and White River springfish
Sacramento FWO (www.fws.gov/sacramento): Baker’s larkspur, Chinese Camp brodiaea, Conservancy fairy shrimp, giant garter snake, Keck’s checkermallow, longhorn fairy shrimp, Presidio manzanita, Red Hills vervain, riparian woodrat, San Francisco lessingia, Santa Barbara Island liveforever (dudleya), showy Indian clover, and Tiburon paintbrush
Ventura FWO (www.fws.gov/ventura): Santa Cruz Island bush-mallow
Copies of the 5-year reviews are available at: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/index.html Select species name and state from menu.
The ESA requires the Service to maintain a list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plants and requires the Service conduct a review of listed species at least once every five years and determine whether or not any species should be removed from the list (delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened (downlisted) or from threatened to endangered (uplisted).
Delisting a species must be supported by the best scientific and commercial data available and only considered if such data substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor threatened because the species is extinct, considered to be recovered, or original data available when the species was listed, or interpretation of data were in error. Any change in federal classification requires a separate rulemaking process distinct from the status review.
The Service’s proposed rule for the delisting of the Island night lizard was published in the Federal Register on February 4, 2013. The San Clemente Island Indian paintbrush and San Clemente Island broom were proposed for reclassification from endangered to threatened and the rule was published on May 16, 2012.
Status Review Initiated for 56 Species
The Service is also announcing today that it is initiating a status review of 56 protected species in California and Nevada.
Threatened or endangered animal species to be reviewed are: Amargosa vole, bay checkerspot butterfly, callippe silverspot butterfly, delta green ground beetle, desert slender salamander, Lahontan cutthroat trout, light-footed clapper rail, Mohave tui chub, Myrtle's silverspot butterfly, Owens pupfish, Owens tui chub, Point Arena mountain beaver, Railroad Valley springfish, San Clemente loggerhead shrike, San Clemente sage sparrow, Santa Cruz long-toed salamander, Shasta crayfish, and unarmored threespine stickleback.
Listed plants to be reviewed include: Ash Meadows milk-vetch, Braunton’s milk-vetch, Clara Hunt’s milk-vetch, coastal dunes milk-vetch, Conejo dudleya, Cushenbury buckwheat, Cushenbury milk-vetch, Cushenbury oxytheca, Fish Slough milk-vetch, hairy Orcutt grass, Hickman’s potentilla, Hoover’s spurge, Kenwood Marsh checker-mallow, large-flowered fiddleneck, Lake County stonecrop, Loch Lomond coyote-thistle, many-flowered navarretia, Monterey spineflower, Munz's onion, Otay tarplant, palmate-bracted bird’s-beak, Parish's daisy, Pismo clarkia, Pitkin Marsh lily, salt marsh bird's-beak, San Benito evening-primrose, San Bernardino Mountains bladderpod, San Diego thornmint, Santa Cruz Island fringepod, Solano grass, soft bird’s-beak, spreading navarretia, spring-loving centaury, Springville clarkia, steamboat buckwheat, Suisun thistle, western lily, and white sedge.
To ensure a thorough review, the Service is soliciting any new information about these species from the public, concerned governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, industry, environmental entities, and any other interested parties. The Federal Register notice indicates where comments should be sent for each species. It also lists the appropriate contact person for information on each species. New information on the 56 protected species should be submitted by May 30, 2013.
Categories of requested information include:
- Species biology, including population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics
- Habitat conditions, including amount, distribution, and suitability
- Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species
- Threat status and trends; and other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information, and improved analytical methods