National Wildlife Refuge System

Threatened and Endangered Animal Species Found on the National Wildlife Refuge System

The following list includes all of the federally listed threatened and endangered animal species that are known to occur on units of the National Wildlife Refuge System.

AMPHIBIANS
  • Frog, California Red-legged
  • Frog, Chiricahua leopard
  • Salamander, Cheat Mountain
  • Salamander, Santa Cruz Long-toed
  • Toad, Arroyo
  • Toad, Wyoming
BIRDS
  • Akepa, Hawaii
  • Akiapolaau
  • Albatross, Short-tailed
  • Blackbird, Yellow-shouldered
  • Bobwhite, Masked (quail)
  • Broadbill, Guam
  • Caracara, Audubon's Crested
  • Condor, California
  • Coot, Hawaiian
  • Crane, Mississippi Sandhill
  • Crane, Whooping
  • Creeper, Hawaii
  • Crow, Mariana
  • Curlew, Eskimo
  • Duck, Hawaiian
  • Duck, Laysan
  • Eider, Spectacled
  • Eider, Stellar's
  • Elepaio, Ohau
  • Falcon, Northern Aplomado
  • Finch, Laysan
  • Finch, Nihoa
  • Flycatcher, Southwestern Willow
  • Gnatcatcher, Coastal California
  • Goose, Hawaiian (=nene)
  • Hawk, Hawaiian
  • Jay, Florida Scrub
  • Kingfisher, Guam Micronesian
  • Kite, Everglade Snail
  • Millerbird, Nihoa
  • Moorhen (=gallilnule), Hawaiian Common
  • Moorhen, Mariana Common
  • Murrelet, Marbled
  • 'O'u (honeycreeper)
  • Owl, Northern Spotted
  • Pelican, Brown
  • Plover, Piping
  • Plover, Western Snowy (Pacific coastal)
  • Prairie-chicken, Attwater's Greater
  • Pygmy-owl, Cactus Ferruginous
  • Rail, California Clapper
  • Rail, Light-footed Clapper
  • Rail, Yuma Clapper
  • Stilt, Hawaiian
  • Stork, Wood
  • Swiftlet, Vanikoro
  • Tern, California Least
  • Tern, least (interior)
  • Tern, Roseate
  • Vireo, Black-capped
  • Vireo, Least Bell's
  • Warbler, Bachman's
  • Warbler, Golden-cheeked
  • Warbler, Kirtland's
  • White-eye, Bridled
  • Woodpecker, Red-cockaded
CLAMS
  • Clubshell
  • Fanshell
  • Mussel, ring pink (=golf stick pearly)
  • Mussel, winged mapleleaf
  • Pearlymussel, Higgin's eye
  • Pearlymussel, orange-footed pimple back
  • Pearlymussel, pink mucket
  • Pigtoe, rough
  • Pocketbook, Fat
  • Riffleshell, northern
CRUSTACEANS
  • Cambarus aculabrum (crayfish with no common name)
  • Fairy Shrimp, Riverside
  • Fairy Shrimp, San Diego
  • Tadpole Shrimp, Vernal Pool
FISHES
  • Catfish, Yaqui
  • Cavefish, Alabama
  • Cavefish, Ozark
  • Chub, Bonytail
  • Chub, Humpback
  • Chub, Oregon
  • Chub, Yaqui
  • Dace, Ash Meadows Speckled
  • Dace, Moapa
  • Darter, Watercress
  • Gambusia, Pecos
  • Goby, Tidewater
  • Madtom, Neosho
  • Madtom, Pygmy
  • Minnow, Rio Grande Silvery
  • Poolfish (=killifish), Pahrump
  • Pupfish, Ash Meadows Amargosa
  • Pupfish, Desert
  • Pupfish, Devils Hole
  • Pupfish, Warm Springs
  • Salmon, Chinook
  • Shiner, Beautiful
  • Shiner, Pecos Bluntnose
  • Shiner, Topeka
  • Squawfish, Colorado
  • Sturgeon, Gulf
  • Sturgeon, Pallid
  • Sturgeon, Shortnose
  • Sturgeon, White, Kootenai River pop.
  • Sucker, Lost River
  • Sucker, Razorback
  • Sucker, Short-nose
  • Topminnow, Gila (incl. Yaqui)
INSECTS
  • Beetle, American Burying
  • Beetle, Valley Elderberry Longhorn
  • Butterfly, Karner Blue
  • Butterfly, Lange's Metalmark
  • Butterfly, Quino Checkerspot
  • Butterfly, Schaus Swallowtail
  • Butterfly, Smith's Blue
  • Dragonfly, Hine's Emerald
  • Naucorid, Ash Meadows
MAMMALS
  • Bat, Gray
  • Bat, Hawaiian Hoary
  • Bat, Indiana
  • Bat, Lesser (=Sanborn's) long-nosed
  • Bat, Little Mariana Fruit
  • Bat, Mariana Fruit
  • Bat, Ozark Big-eared
  • Bear, Grizzly
  • Bear, Louisiana Black
  • Deer, Columbian White-tailed
  • Deer, Key
  • Ferret, Black-footed
  • Fox, San Joaquin Kit
  • Jaguar
  • Jaguarundi
  • Manatee, West Indian (Florida)
  • Mouse, Alabama Beach
  • Mouse, Key Largo Cotton
  • Mouse, Salt Marsh Harvest
  • Mouse, Southeastern Beach
  • Ocelot
  • Panther, Florida
  • Pronghorn, Sonoran
  • Puma, Eastern
  • Rabbit, Lower Keys
  • Rabbit, Ripparian Brush
  • Rat, Morro Bay Kangaroo
  • Rat, Rice (=silver rice)
  • Rat, Tipton Kangaroo
  • Sea-lion, Steller (=northern)
  • Seal, Hawaiian Monk
  • Squirrel, Delmarva Peninsula Fox
  • Squirrel, Virginia Northern Flying
  • Whale, Blue
  • Whale, Bowhead
  • Whale, Finback
  • Whale, Gray
  • Whale, Humpback
  • Whale, Right
  • Whale, Sei
  • Whale, Sperm
  • Wolf, Gray
  • Wolf, Mexican
  • Wolf, Red
  • Woodrat, Key Largo
REPTILES
  • Anole, Culebra Island Giant
  • Crocodile, American
  • Lizard, Blunt-nosed Leopard
  • Lizard, Coachella Valley Fringe-toed
  • Lizard, St. Croix Ground
  • Skink, Blue-tailed Mole
  • Skink, Sand
  • Snake, Atlantic Salt Marsh
  • Snake, Eastern Indigo
  • Snake, Giant Garter
  • Snake, Northern Copperbelly Water
  • Tortoise, Desert
  • Tortoise, Gopher
  • Turtle, Green Sea
  • Turtle, Hawksbill Sea
  • Turtle, Kemp's (=Atlantic) Ridley Sea
  • Turtle, Leatherback Sea
  • Turtle, Loggerhead Sea
  • Turtle, Plymouth Redbelly
  • Turtle, Ringed Map (= sawback)
SNAILS
  • Snail, Iowa Pleistocence
  • Snail, Oahu Tree
  • Snail, Stock Island tree
Last updated: November 7, 2012