7660 Federal Register / Vol. 66, No. 16 / Wednesday, January 24, 2001 / Notices
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Fish and Wildlife Service
Establishment of the Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge
AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.
SUMMARY: The Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service approved the
establishment of the Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge in the central Pacific
Ocean to protect the coral reef ecosystem for the benefit of the wildlife that
live on the lands and in the waters of the refuge.
DATES: This action was effective on January 18, 2001.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Charles Houghten with the Fish and Wildlife Service in Portland, Oregon, 5032316207.
Dated: January 18, 2001.
The Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (we) approved the establishment
of the Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge to protect approximately 25,874 acres
(10,478.97 hectares) of submerged coral reefs, and includes a total of 483,699
acres (195,898.09 hectares) of submerged lands. The refuge boundary is designated
to the extent of the 12-nautical mile (12 NM) territorial sea. In addition to
a spectacular diversity of coral reef fishes, corals, and other marine organisms,
Kingman Reef provides roosting, feeding and other essential habitat for migratory
Pacific seabirds, and supports migratory shorebirds, and threatened green sea
The authority to establish the Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge is the Endangered
Species Act of 1976, as amended (16 U.S.C. 15311544). The U.S. Navy has
a defense reservation over Kingman Reef, but it may be revoked in the future.
We have been delegated administrative jurisdiction and control of Kingman Reef,
including the reefs and territorial waters surrounding the island, by the Secretary
of the Interior for the purpose of carrying out the mission of the National Wildlife
Refuge System in accordance with the National Wildlife Refuge System Administration
Act of 1966, as amended (16 U.S.C.668dd668ee).
The refuge encompasses emergent lands, coral reefs, and submerged lands and associated
waters to 12NM. We will manage the refuge for the conservation and management
of native species of wildlife and fish and their habitats. We will give wildlife
species identified as endangered or threatened management priority and will emphasize
the stewardship of endangered and threatened sea turtles, migratory seabirds that
forage in the refuge waters, and the coral reef and pelagic wildlife. Our management
actions include protection of the
refuge waters and wildlife from commercial fishing activities, enhancement of
the environment through the
implementation of navigational guidelines and aids to navigation that will protect
the shallow reefs from maritime groundings, periodic monitoring surveys of the
coral reef environment, and periodic clearance of any marine debris. We will,
through the establishment of the refuge, establish a no-take marine preserve in
the waters of the refuge. Therefore, we will close the refuge to commercial fishing.
We will also do scientific research and monitoring. In compliance with our policy
and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, we distributed an Environmental
Assessment and a Conceptual Management Plan for a 30-day public review and comment
period. We evaluated two alternatives for the protection and management of wildlife
and habitat. Based on the documentation contained in the revised Environmental
Assessment and Conceptual Management Plan, we signed a Finding of No Significant
Impact on January 17, 2001. The Conceptual Management Plan will serve as an interim
management plan until we develop a Comprehensive Conservation Plan.
Jamie Rappaport Clark,
Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
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