II. 1 Description of GPRA Program Activity:
 
Public Use and Enjoyment
 
American's understanding of how their well-being is intricately interwoven with the ecosystems they share with fish and wildlife and plants has direct impact on the conservation of natural resources. The interdependence of the Service, its partners and the American public with fish and wildlife and their habitats is the foundation of this GPRA Program Activity [mission goal] and the guiding factor in the development the long-term and annual performance goals. The intent of this GPRA Program Activity is to inform and provide opportunities to the public to experience fish and wildlife resources in their natural settings.
 
For the long-term, the Service will focus on increasing interpretive, educational and wildlife dependent recreational visits to National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries; affording volunteers greater opportunities to participate in conservation efforts at Service facilities; assuring that recreational fisheries mitigation requirements are fulfilled and finally -- to insure that all federal state grant monies are used in compliance with enabling legislation.
 
II.2 Related Appropriated Funds to GPRA Program Activity
 
The following table provides a crosswalk of total appropriated funds to the GPRA Program Activity [Mission Goal]: Public Use and Enjoyment for FY 1999 Enacted Appropriations and FY 2000 President's Budget Request.
 
($000)  FY 1999 Operating Plan  FY 2000 Request Change  
1999/2000
FY 1999 
Enacted
Mission Goal III 
Public Use & Enjoyment
FY 2000 President's  
Budget
Mission Goal III 
Public Use & Enjoyment
TOTAL APPROPRIATED FUNDS  802,192 113,822 950,001 121,445 +7,623
 
II.3 Proposed Legislation:
Performance goals and accomplishment of those goals are not contingent on enactment of legislation during the fiscal year covered by the annual performance plan.
 
II.4 Impact of FY 2000 Budget Changes:
The annual performance plan for FY 2000 reflects funding to meet the targeted requirements for public use and enjoyment, greater public use on and off Service lands, and greater opportunities for participation in recreational fishing. The FY 2000 performance plan reflects an increase of $7.6 million from the FY 1999 enacted level.
 
Annual Performance Goal 3.1 - Public Use and Enjoyment
The funding increase of $1.1 million will ensure that interpretive, educational, and recreational visits to National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries are increased by 2 percent, annually. The FY 2000 visitation is anticipated at 36.7 million. This represents an increase of 700,000 visits to refuges and hatcheries above the current FY 1999 level and an increase of 3.5 million visits over the 1997. Further, over 90% of visitors to refuges and hatcheries participate in wildlife dependent recreational and educational activities. The FY 2000 performance assumes additional financial resources essential in meeting the public's demand.

Annual Performance Goal 3.2 - Greater Public Use on Service Lands

The FY 2000 performance anticipates increased volunteer participation in Service programs by 30% over the 1997 level. In 1998, 32,387 volunteers donated over 1.4 million hours valued at over $13 million in services to refuge programs. In FY 2000, additional resources of $1.6 million will be used to establish 20 volunteer coordinators, develop refuge education programs for students, and work with community partner organizations to encourage more volunteerism. The Service will support the volunteer program and will fund 59 priority projects at 53 refuges, and anticipates about 34,300 volunteers will support the refuge activities. In addition, a community partnership grants program will be established through cooperative efforts of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to provide matching funds to community partners supporting operations projects on refuges.

Annual Performance Goal 3.3 - Greater Public Use Off Service Lands

The FY 2000 Performance maintains the Service commitment to ensure that Service administered Federal Aid grants funds are used consistent with enabling legislation and the purposes for which the grants projects are accomplished. For FY 2000, the Service will administer over $632 million in permanent appropriations, including the federal aid to states program totaling $ 536.1 million providing federal financial assistance to states and territories for sport fish restoration projects, coastal wetland grants, clean vessel grants, and wildlife restoration needs.

Annual Performance Goal 3.4 - Opportunities for Participating in Recreational Fishing

The FY 2000 Performance will provide 93% of mitigation hatchery production requirements related to federal water development projects. Although this represents a decrease from the FY 1999 level, the Service anticipates meeting the long-term goal for 100% of mitigation requirements met by 2003. The decrease in production is the result of a redirection of resources to the improvement of fish passage.

II.5 EXHIBIT A
GPRA PROGRAM ACTIVITY 
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
BA ($000)
FY 2000 
Proposed 
BA($000)
Public Use and Enjoyment
$113,822
$121,445
 
Long-term Goal: Greater Public Use On Service Lands 
3.1 By 2003, interpretive, educational and recreational visits to National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries have increased by 15%. 
 
FY 2000 Annual Performance Goal: 
3.1.1 By September 30, 2000, interpretive, educational and recreational visits to National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries increased by 2 percent over the previous year.
Performance Measures FY 1997  
Actual 
FY 1998
FY 1999 
Operating Plan
FY 2000 
Proposed
Plan 
Actual 
1. % increase in interpretive, educational, and recreational visits.  33,206,405  6% 
35,144,365
6%  
35,341,846
2% 
36,029,662
2% 
36,750,256
 
Operational Processes, Technology, Financial and Human Resources Necessary to Achieve Each Performance Goal:
 
Goal Purpose:
 
The National Wildlife Refuge System and National Fish Hatchery System offer the public the opportunity to gain direct experience with the natural world and wildlife management concerns. Visitors to refuges and hatcheries represent a broad range of constituents including hunter, anglers, wildlife and plant observers, school groups and photographers. The intentions of this goal are to increase public participation, awareness and recreational opportunities on Service lands.
National Wildlife Refuge System

Approximately 98% of the land in the National Wildlife Refuge System is open to the public for wildlife dependent education and recreation. Visitors to refuges contributed over $400 million to local economies in 1995 based on the Service's economic evaluation in 1997.

Almost 33 million people visit National Wildlife Refuges annually. Refuges are places where visitors can observe, learn about, and enjoy plants and animals in natural surroundings. Recently new legislation, the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act, directed expanded opportunity for six primary public uses for refuges: wildlife photography, fishing, hunting, wildlife observation, environmental education and interpretation. Refuges offer visitor center, auto tour routes, wildlife observation facilities, nature trails, interpretive tours, outdoor classrooms and teach workshops. Along with on and off site education programs, these activities help build an understanding and appreciation for wildlife, habitat and the role management plays in the stewardship of American's resources. More than 50% of refuges offer recreation hunting and fishing. Approximately 90% of refuge visitor participate in wildlife-dependent recreational and educational activities.
 
National Fish Hatchery System
 
Nearly 2 million people visit the National Fish Hatchery System annually. National Fish Hatcheries are places where people can heighten their environmental awareness and become informed about fishery management and aquatic ecosystem management. Most hatcheries have visitor centers that provide information on the role of hatcheries and the importance of maintaining a quality environment for fish and other wildlife. Some National Fish Hatcheries provide nature trails, and outdoor laboratories for school groups, environmental organizations, and universities. Additionally, many National Fish Hatcheries have initiated cooperative programs with secondary schools providing instruction in fish biology, aquaculture, fishing, and ecosystem stewardship.

National Fish Week, an annual activity designed to provide increased opportunities for public enjoyment of the resource, is supported by 66 National Fish Hatcheries. Fishing clinic, display aquariums, demonstrations, and environmental education sessions are highlights of the weeks events. FY 2000 Performance - Goal Achievement:

The Service will achieve the FY 2000 performance of increased visits to refuges and hatcheries through increased outreach with local communities, school groups and associations. An additional 79 projects aimed at enhancing refuge visitor opportunities-- including-- hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, wildlife photograph, and environmental education will be initiated in FY 2000. Specific improvement will include: Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Massachusetts, will hire an outdoor recreation planner and seasonal employees to serve 400,000 visitors; new hunting programs and associated facilities will be developed at Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Texas, construction of three boat launches at Sabine National Wildlife Refuge, Louisiana, extension of visitor center hours at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, and Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge, Oklahoma. The FY 2000 performance target assumes a funding increase of $1.1 million essential to the accomplishment of the annual goal and the public's desire to enjoy fish and wildlife opportunities on refuges and hatcheries.
 
GPRA PROGRAM ACTIVITY 
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
BA ($000)
FY 2000 
Proposed 
BA ($000)
Public Use and Enjoyment $113,822 $121,445
 
Long-term Goal: Opportunities for Participating in Conservation On Service Lands 
3.2 By 2003, volunteer participation hours in Service programs increased by 50% and refuges and hatcheries have 91 new friends groups from the 1997 levels. 
 
FY 2000 Annual Performance Goal: 
3.2.1 By September 30, 2000, volunteer participation hours in Service programs increased by 30% and refuges and hatcheries have 87 new friends groups from 1997 levels. 
Performance Measures FY 1997 
Actual 
FY 1998
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
FY 2000 
Proposed
Plan 
Actual 
1. % increase in volunteer participation hours from 1997. 1,335,738  1,536,098 
15%
1,396,000 1,689,707 
26%
1,736,456 
30%
2. # new friends groups.  63 94 95 129 150
 
Operational Processes, Technology, Financial and Human Resources Necessary to Achieve Each Performance Goal within the GPRA Program Activity:
 
Goal Purpose:
 
The purpose of this goal is twofold:

Status:
 
Volunteers are recruited and trained to assist in a variety of refuge activities including habitat management, education, public use and research. These hands-on experiences provide tremendous benefits to refuges while increasing public understanding and appreciation of wildlife resources and management of wildlife resources. The volunteer program promotes partnerships with State and local government, individuals and private groups, From its inception in 1982 with 4,251 volunteers, the program grew to 28,000 in FY 1997, an increase of over 500%. Not only did volunteers increase dramatically since 1982, but hours of service grew over 900% from 128,440 hours to 1.3 million hours in FY 1997. In 1998, 32,387 volunteers donated over 1.4 million hours valued at over $13 million.
 
As part of this effort, the Service enjoys partnerships with 95 citizen groups referred to as "cooperative associations" or "friends groups" on 89 refuges. These nonprofit organizations supplement the Service's interpretation, education, biological and public service programs. Funds to support these activities are often raised through bookstores in refuge visitor centers managed by the cooperating associations.
 
FY 2000 Performance - Goal Achievement:
 
For FY 2000, the Service is committed to providing opportunities to volunteers and increasing friends groups. The Service will encourage these activities at National Wildlife Refuges and National Fish Hatcheries. In FY 2000, additional resources of $1.6 million will be used to establish 20 volunteer coordinators, develop refuge education programs for students, and work with community partner organizations to encourage more volunteerism. The Service will support the volunteer program and will fund 59 priority projects at 53 refuges, and anticipates about 34,300 volunteers, donating 1,736,456 hours, will support the refuge activities. In addition, a community partnership grants program will be established through cooperative efforts of the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to provide matching funds to community partners supporting operations projects on refuges.
 
GPRA PROGRAM ACTIVITY 
 
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
BA ($000)
 
 
FY 2000 
 Proposed 
BA ($000)
 
Public Use and Enjoyment $113,822 $121,445
 
Long-term Goal: Greater Public Use Off Service Lands 
3.3 Through 2003, 100 percent of all Federal Aid state grant monies are used consistent with the enabling legislation. 
 
FY 2000 Annual Performance Goal: 
3.3.1 By September 30, 2000, 100 percent of all Federal Aid state grant monies are used consistent with the enabling legislation. 
Performance Measures FY 1997  
Actual 
FY 1998
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
FY 2000 
Proposed
Plan 
Actual 
1. # states and territories eligible to participate in the Federal Grant program.  56 56 56 56 56
2. % states and territories found in compliance after audit resolution.  38% 
[21 states]
63% 
[35 states]
63% 
[35 states]
86% 
[48 states]
100%  
[56 states]
 
Operational Processes, Technology, Financial and Human Resources Necessary to Achieve Each Performance Goal within the GPRA Program Activity:
 
Goal Purpose:
 
The Service maintains Federal fiduciary responsibilities to ensure Federal Aid grant funds are used consistent with enabling legislation and the purpose for which grant projects are accomplished.
 
Status:
 
There are 56 states and territories eligible to participate in the Federal Aid programs administered by the Fish a and Wildlife Service. The audit program verifies compliance of these states and territories with controlling legislative requirements over a 5-year period. To help ensure objectivity, audits are being conducted independently by the Defense Contract Audit Agency. The second performance measure reflects the total number or percent of states/territories in compliance and eligible to participate in the federal aid programs based on audits conducted on the 5-year cycle. The workload statistics reflects the number of states audited each year with the goal of completing an audit of each state over the 5-year period.
The Service administers seven state federal financial assistance programs. Each program has legislated requirements defining eligible activities. The Service assures grant proposals fully meet legislated requirements. After the Service awards funds to a state, the state has full responsibility and authority to implement funded actions.
 
FY 2000 Performance - Goal Achievement:
 
Service actions in delivering this goal include reviewing all state grant applications to ensure that eligible activities are funded and the proposed projects are substantial in character and design. Periodic field reviews are conducted in concert with state agencies to ensure funded projects are implemented in accordance with applicable statutes. Performance reports are review to ensure that grant funds are used for project purposes and that purposes are accomplished.
 
GPRA PROGRAM ACTIVITY 
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
BA ($000)
FY 2000 
Proposed 
BA($000)
 
Public Use and Enjoyment $113,822 $121,445
 Long-term Goal: Greater Opportunities for Participating in Recreational Fishing 
3.4 Through 2003, 100 percent of mitigation fish hatchery production requirements are satisfied relating to federal water development projects.
 
FY 2000 Annual Performance Goal: 
3.4.1 By September 30, 2000, 93 percent of mitigation hatchery production requirements are satisfied relating to federal water development projects. 
Performance Measures FY 1997  
Actual 
FY 1998
FY 1999 
Operating Plan 
FY 2000 
Proposed
Plan 
Actual 
1. % mitigation hatchery production requirements that are satisfied.  85% 87% 95% 95% 93% 
Workload and Other Performance Statistics
Fisheries/Hatchery
1. Unmet mitigation based on prescribed mitigation requirements (number in millions of fish). 19.2 22.3 25.6 27.0 31.9
 
Operational Processes, Technology, Financial and Human Resources Necessary to Achieve Each Performance Goal within the GPRA Program Activity:

Goal Objective:

93% of mitigation production requirements are satisfied related to federal water development projects.

FY 2000 Performance:

The Service provides hatchery fish for recreational fisheries to compensate for the loss of aquatic resources caused by Federal water development projects such as hydro power dams. Many of these mitigation programs are required by law. Others were negotiated during project development and are viewed by stakeholders as mandated mitigation actions. Presently, the Service meets 95% of its mitigation responsibilities.

During the next two years the Service, working with partners, will establish a complete accounting of its mitigation responsibilities. This will include the number of fisheries management plans and clarify the appropriate objectives. A total of 36 National Fish Hatcheries in the National Fish Hatchery System are operated in whole or in part to compensate for impacts caused by Federal water development projects. These mitigation programs provide a valuable contribution to an ecologically diverse network of the Nation's waterways. Fish Health Centers and Fish Technology Centers contribute to mitigation efforts by performing fish health and genetics work to ensure hatchery products are compatible with wild fish. National Fish Hatcheries will take advantage of every opportunity to increase the public's interaction with the fish and wildlife resources.

FY 2000 Goal Achievement:

The FY 2000 performance targets assume a hatchery maintenance reduction of $250,000 in the Service's FY 2000 budget request. To conduct hatchery stocking and monitoring and evaluation programs requested under the fish passage and Mississippi river initiatives (support restoration and recovery program under goals 1.2 and 1.3), $700,000 will be redirected from current fish mitigation programs, including programs that mitigate the adverse effects of Federal water projects on fishery resources. The Service has identified a goal target commensurate with the resources available.

Benefits Derived:

Accomplishment of this goal will lead to enhanced recreational fishing opportunities for the public and increased activities for local economies.
 
 


For Further Information, Contact Al Zara at: al_zara@fws.gov

Table of Contents:FY 2000 Annual Performance Plan
Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) Home Page