Nevada Fish & Wildlife Office
Pacific Southwest Region

Ash Meadows gumplant
(Grindelia fraxino-pratensis)

Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Grindelia
Species: fraxino-pratensis
 
Habitat: found primarily in saltgrass meadows along streams and surrounding pools in the vicinity of ash-screwbean mesquite woodlands and desert shadscale scrub vegetation. It occasionally occurs sparsely on open alkali clay soils in drier shadscale habitats or in the unique clay barrens
 

Official Status:

Threatened
 

Life History:

It is an erect biennial or more commonly a perennial herb of the Asteraceae (sunflower family), reaching 25 to 40 inches in height and has yellow flowers with heads measuring 0.3 to 0.4 inches in diameter. The gumplant genus is so named because of their very sticky (gummy) flower heads. Each Ash Meadows gumplant flower head can produce approximately 30 small seeds, and each branching individual can support several to up to a hundred flower heads. Therefore, in a good year, each plant may produce several hundred seeds. Dispersal of the small seed is most likely accomplished by strong winds because they could be blown for some distance. Those seeds which fall within close proximity of the parent plant could be further transported by water during the winter rainy season or during summer flash floods. Mammals and birds may also be responsible for dispersal of seeds.

 

Distribution and Habitat:

 

The Ash Meadows gumplant is endemic to the Ash Meadows Area in Nye County, Nevada, and
Inyo County, California. The Ash Meadows gumplant is concentrated in three main populations
and several smaller ones over an area of approximately 2,260 acres. Most of its distribution is within the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. One population occurs outside the Refuge boundary in the Carson Slough, primarily within the Ash Meadows Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) managed by BLM.

 

Threats:

 

The loss of habitat by recent agricultural and municipal development activities, the clearing of land for road construction,the removal of ground water and diversion of surface spring flow, and local mining activities threaten the integrity of the species' habitat and,therefore, their survival.

 

Actions / Current Information:

 

Date Citation Title
03/05/2008 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
11/03/2005 70 FR 66842 66844 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extension of Comment Period for the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain 5-Year Reviews.
07/07/2005 70 FR 39327 39329 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, Smith's Blue Butterfly, Delhi Sands Flower Loving Fly, Morro Shoulderband Snail, Giant Garter Snake, San Francisco Garter Snake, Island Night Lizard, California Least Tern, Least Bell's Vireo, Chinese Camp Brodiaea, Mariposa Pussypaws, San Clemente Island Indian Paintbrush, Spring-Loving Centaury, Springville Clarkia, San Clemente Island Larkspur, Santa Barbara Island Dudleya, Ash Meadows Gumplant, San Clemente Island Woodland Star, San Clemente Island Lotus, San Clemente Island Bush Mallow, Amargosa Niterwort, Eureka Valley Evening Primrose, Yreka Phlox, Hartweg's Golden Sunburst, San Joaquin Adobe Sunburst, Santa Cruz Island Rock-Cress, Keck's Checker-mallow, Eureka Dune Grass, Kneeland Prairie Pennycress, Hidden Lake Bluecurls, and Red Hills Vervain
05/20/1985 50 FR 20777 20794 Determination of Thr. Status w/ Crit. Hab for 6 Plants & 1 Insect in Ash Meadows, NV & CA; & End. Status w/ Crit. Hab. for 1 Plant in Ash Meadows; 50 FR 20777-20794
10/13/1983 48 FR 46590 46598 Proposed End. Status & Crit. Hab. for Seven Plant & One Insect Species in Ash Meadows, NV & CA; 48 FR 46590-46598
     
     
Last updated: April 16, 2014