Wolf - Western Great Lakes
Midwest Region

 

Map of Region 3 Minnesota Wisconsin Michigan

 

Archive

Previous Federal Actions Regarding Endangered Species Act Status of Gray Wolves

 

 

Documents Cited in Proposed Rule for the Gray Wolf Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment

May 4, 2011

 

Art, Henry W. (ed.).  1993.  The Dictionary of Ecology and Environmental Science.  New York: Henry Holt and Co.

 

Bailey, T.N., E.E. Bangs, and R.O. Peterson.  1995.  Exposure of wolves to canine parvovirus and distemper on the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, 1976-1988.  pp. 441-446 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Baker, R. J., L. C. Bradley, R. D. Bradley, J. W. Dragoo, M. D. Engstrom, F. S. Hoffman, C. A. Jones, F. Reid, D. W. Rice, and C. Jones.  2003.  Revised Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico.  Museum of Texas Tech University, Occasional Papers Number 229, 1 December 2003.

 

Berg, W.E., and S. Benson.  1999.  Updated wolf population estimate for Minnesota, 1997-1998.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Report.  Grand Rapids, Minnesota. 14 pp.

 

Berg, W.E. and D.W. Kuehn.  1982.  Ecology of wolves in north-central Minnesota.  pp.4-11 in F.H. Harrington and P.C. Paquet, eds.  Wolves of the world:  perspectives of behavior, ecology, and conservation.  Noyes, Park Ridge, NJ.

 

Beyer, D., T. Hogrefe, R.B. Peyton, P. Bull, J.P. Burroughs, and P. Lederle (editors).  2006.  Review of social and biological science relevant to wolf management in Michigan.  Michigan DNR, Lansing, MI.  Wildlife Division Report No. 3457, June 2006.  149 pp. plus 11 appendices.

 

Beyer, D., B.J. Roell, and D.H. Lonsway.  2004.  2004 Survey of the gray wolf population in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.  Unpublished report by Michigan DNR.  Lansing, MI.  8 pp.

 

Beyer, D.E., R.O.  Peterson, J.A. Vucetich, and J.H. Hammill.  2009.  Wolf population changes in Michigan.  Pp. 65-85 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske, eds. Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer, New York, NY, USA. 350 pp.  

 

Blanco, J.C., Y. Cortes, and E. Virgos.  2005.  Wolf response to two kinds of barriers in an agricultural habitat in Spain.  Canadian Journal of Zoology/Revue Canadienne de Zoologie [Can. J. Zool./Rev. Can. Zool.]. 83(2):312-323.

 

Boyd, D.K., and D.H. Pletscher.  1999.  Characteristics of dispersal in a colonizing wolf population in the central Rocky Mountains.  J. Wildl. Mgmt. 3: 1094-1108.

 

Brand, C.J., M.J. Pybus, W.B. Ballard, and R.O. Peterson.  1995.  Infectious and parasitic diseases of the gray wolf and their potential effects on wolf populations in North America.  pp. 419-429 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Bright, A.D. and M.J. Manfredo. 1996. A conceptual model of attitudes toward natural resource issues: a case study of wolf reintroduction. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 1(1): 1-21.

 

Cahalane, V.H.  1964.  A preliminary study of distribution and numbers of cougar, grizzly and wolf in North America.  New York Zool. Soc. 12 pp.

 

Carbyn, L.N.  1982.  Incidence of disease and its potential role in the population dynamics of wolves in Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba. Wolves of the World. 106-116.

 

Chavez, A.S., E.M. Gese, and R.S. Krannich. 2005. Attitudes of rural landowners toward wolves in northwestern Minnesota. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(2):517-527.

 

Crawford, P.C., E.J. Dubovi, W.L. Castleman, I. Stephenson, E.P.J. Gibbs, L. Chen, C. Smith, R.C. Hill, P. Ferro, J. Pompey, R.A. Bright, M. Medina, Influenza Genomics Group, C.M. Johnson, C.W. Olsen, N.J. Cox, A.I. Klimov, J.M. Katz, and R.O. Donis.  2005.  Transmission of equine influenza virus to dogs.  Science 310: 482-485.

 

Cronin M.A. and L.D. Mech. 2009. Problems with the Claim of Ecotype and Taxon Status of the Wolf in the Great Lakes Region. Molecular Ecology18:4991-4993

 

Drummer, D.D., B. Huntzinger, J.S. Johnson, R.O. Peterson, M.J. Potvin, L.M. Vucetich, and J.A. Vucetich.  2002.  Recovery of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) in Upper Michigan.  1999-2001.  Final Report from MTU: for Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources Grant Amendment Number 149-01 and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Cooperative Agreement Number 1443 CA 682098001.  158 pp.

 

Erb, J.  2008.  Distribution and abundance of wolves in Minnesota, 2007-2008.  Unpublished report by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN.  11 pp.

 

Erb, J. 2009. Furbearer Winter Track Survey Summary, 2009. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Grand Rapids, MN. 7 p. 

 

Erb, J. and S. Benson.  2004.  Distribution and abundance of wolves in Minnesota, 2003-04.  Unpublished report by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Grand Rapids, MN  13 pp.

 

Erb, J. and M. W. DonCarlos. 2009. An overview of the legal history and population status of wolves in Minnesota. pp. 49-64 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske. Recovery of Gray Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story.  Springer, New York, NY, USA.

 

Ethier,D., J. Sayers, and S. Windels. 2008. Estimates of abundance and distribution of gray wolves in Voyageurs National Park, 2008, using snow track surveys. Unpublished Report.  14 pp.

 

Fain, S. R., D. J. Straughan, and B. F. Taylor.  2010.  Genetic outcomes of wolf recovery in the western Great Lakes states.  Conservation Genetics, doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0068-x.

 

Fogleman, V.M. 1988. American attitudes towards wolves: A history of misperception. Environmental Ethics 10: 63-94.

 

Forest Stewardship Council – US, Lake States Working Group (FSC).  2005.  Revised Final Regional Forest Stewardship Standard for the Lake States-Central Hardwoods Region (USA) Version LS V3.0 February 10, 2005.  56 pp.

 

Fox, J., R. Peterson, and T. Drummer.  2001.  Gray wolf biology research in Voyageurs National Park , 1998-2001.  Final Report, Natural Resource Preservation Program Project #197.  21 pp.

 

Frair, J.L. 1999.  Crossing paths: gray wolves and highways in the Minnesota-Wisconsin border region.  M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point, Stevens Point, Wisconsin.  58 pp.

 

Fritts, S.H.  1983.  Record dispersal by a wolf from Minnesota.  J. Mammal. 64:166-167.

 

Fuller, T.K.  1989.  Population dynamics of wolves in north central Minnesota.  Wildl. Monogr. 105.  41 pp.

 

Fuller, T.K., W.E. Berg, G.L. Radde, M.S. Lenarz, and G.B. Joselyn.  1992.  A history and current estimate of wolf distribution and numbers in Minnesota.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 20:42-54.

 

Fuller, T.K., L.D. Mech, and J.F. Cochrane.  2003.  Wolf population dynamics.  Pp. 161-191 In Wolves:  Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  eds. L.D. Mech and L. Boitani.  Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.  448 pp.

 

Gehring, T.M. and B.A. Potter.  2005.  Wolf habitat analysis in Michigan:  an example of the need for proactive land management for carnivore species.  Wildlife Soc. Bulletin 33(4): 1237-1244.

 

Gogan, P.J.P, W.T. Route, E.M. Olexa, N. Thomas, D. Kuehn.  2004.  Gray wolves in and adjacent to Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota:  research and synthesis 1987-1991.  Technical Report NPS/MWR/RRTR/2004-01.  Available from Technical Information Center, Denver Service Center, National Park Service, P.O. Box 25287, Denver CO 80225-0287.  80 pp.

 

Goldman, E. A. 1944.  Part II. Classification of Wolves.  In S. P. Young and E. A. Goldman.  The Wolves of North America.  The American Wildlife Institute, Washington, DC.

 

Great Lakes Directory.  2003.  First wolf confirmed in Illinois since early 1900s.  Available at: http://www.greatlakesdirectory.org/il/072503_great_lakes.htm.  2 pp.

 

Hall, E. R. 1981.  The Mammals of North America.  Volume II.  Second Edition.  Wiley, New York.

 

Hall, E. R. and K. R. Kelson.  1959.  The Mammals of North America.  Volume II.  Ronald Press, New York.

 

Hammill, J. 2007. Policy issues regarding wolves in the Great Lakes Region. Transactions of the 72nd North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, pp. 378-390.

 

Harrison, D.J. and T.G. Chapin.  1997.  An assessment of potential habitat for eastern timber wolves in the northeastern United States and connectivity with occupied habitat in southeastern Canada.  Wildl. Cons. Soc., Bronx, NY.  Working Pap. No. 7.  12 pp.

 

Harrison, D.J. and T.G. Chapin.  1998.  Extent and connectivity of habitat for wolves in Eastern North America.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 26(4):767-775.

 

Hearne, D., K. Lewis, M. Martin, E. Mitton, and C. Rocklen.  2003.  Assessing the Landscape: Toward a Viable Gray Wolf Population in Michigan and Wisconsin.  Natural Resources and Environment School of Natural Resources and Management, University of Michigan. 361 pp.

 

Hook, R.A. and W.L. Robinson. 1982. Attitudes of Michigan citizens toward predators. In Wolves of the World, eds. R.H. Harrington and P.C. Paquet, pp. 382-394. Park Ridge: Noyes Publications.

 

Huntzinger, B., J.A. Vucetich, T.D. Drummer, and R.O. Peterson.  2005.  Wolf recovery in Michigan, 2005 annual report.  Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI.  39 pp.

 

Illinois Statutes.  Illinois Endangered Species Protection Act.  520 ILCS 10.  Available at:  http://www.dnr.state.il.us/orep/ee/espa.htm.

 

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.  1999.  International Code for Zoological Nomenclature.  4th edition. London: The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. http://iczn.org/code

 

Jensen, W.F., T.K. Fuller, and W.L. Robinson. 1986.  Wolf, Canis lupus, distribution on the Ontario-Michigan border near Sault Ste. Marie.  Can. Field-Nat. 100(3):363-366.

 

Johnson, R.T. 1974. On the spoor of the “Big Bad Wolf.” Journal of Environmental Education 6:37-39.

 

Johnson, M.R.  1995.  Rabies in wolves and its potential role in a Yellowstone wolf population.  pp. 431-439 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1986.  The public and the timber wolf in Minnesota.  Unpubl. Rep. Yale Univ. School For. and Environ. Stud., New Haven, CN  175 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1990.  Public attitudes and beliefs about the wolf and its restoration in Michigan.  HBRS, Inc.  Madison, WI  102 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1999.  The public and the wolf in Minnesota, 1999.  Unpublished report of the International Wolf Center, dated June, 1999.  412 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R., M. Black, G.R. Rush, and A.J. Bath. 1996. Human culture and large carnivore conservation in North America. Conservation Biology 10: 977-990.

 

Koblmüller, S., M. Nord, R. K. Wayne, and J. A. Leonard.  2009.  Origin and status of the Great Lakes Wolf.  Molecular Ecology, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04176.x.

 

Kohn, B.E., J.L. Frair, D.E. Unger, T.M. Gehring, D.P. Shelley, E.M. Anderson, and P.W. Keenlance.  2000.  Impacts of the US Highway 53 Expansion Project on Wolves in Northwestern Wisconsin – Final Report.  Prepared for Wisconsin Department of Transportation by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  55 pp.

 

Kreeger, T.J.  2003.  The internal wolf:  physiology, pathology, and pharmacology.  Pp. 192-217 In Wolves:  Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  eds. L.D. Mech and L. Boitani.  Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.  448 pp.

 

Kurtén, B. and E. Anderson.  1980.  Pleistocene Mammals of North America.  1980.  Columbia University Press, New York. 

 

Lehman, N., A. Eisenhawer, K. Hansen, L. D. Mech, R. O. Peterson, P. J. P. Gogan, and R. K. Wayne.  1991.  Introgression of coyote mitochondrial DNA into sympatric North American gray wolf populations.  Evolution 45(1):104-119.

 

Leirfallom, J.  1970.  Wolf management in Minnesota.  Pages 9-15 in S.E. Jorgensen, C.E. Faulkner, and L.D. Mech, eds.  Proc. of a symposium on wolf management in selected areas of North America.  U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv., Twin Cities, MN.  50 pp.

 

Leonard, J. A., and R. K. Wayne.  2008.  Native Great Lakes wolves were not restored.  Biology Letters 4:95-98.Leonard, J. A., and R. K. Wayne.  2009. Wishful thinking: imagining that the current Great Lakes wolf is the same entity that existed historically. Biology Letters, 5, 67–68.

 

Licht, D.S. and S.H. Fritts.  1994.  Gray wolf (Canis lupus) occurrences in the Dakotas.  Am. Midl. Nat. 132:74-81.

 

Linnell, J.D.C., H. Broseth, E.J. Solberg, and S.M. Brainerd.  2005.  The origins of the southern Scandinavian wolf Canis lupus population:  potential for natural immigration in relation to dispersal distances, geography and Baltic ice.  Wildlife Biology 11:383-391.

 

Llewellyn, L. 1978. Who speaks for the timber wolf? Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference 43: 442-452.

 

Manfredo, M.J., T.L. Teel, and A.D. Bright. 2003. Why are public values toward wildlife changing? Human Dimensions of Wildlife 8:287-306.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  Undated.  Gray (timber) wolf.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Fact sheet.  2 pp.  Available at:  http://www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/wildlife/mamaging/fs_gray_wolf.html  Accessed 02/09/06.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  2009a.  Manitoba  Hunting Guide – Big Game Hunting – Gray Wolf and Coyote.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Branch.  Available at http://www.manitoba.ca/conservation/wildlife/hunting/biggame/grwolf_coy/seasons.html  Accessed 7/6/2009.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  2009b.  Manitoba 2008/2009 Trapping Guide.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Branch.  Available at http://www.manitoba.ca/conservation/wildlife/trapping/index.html.  Accessed 7/6/2009.

 

Mech, L.D.  1989.  Wolf population survival in an area of high road density.  Am. Midl. Nat. 121:387-389.

 

Mech, L.D.  1994.  Buffer zones of territories of gray wolves as regions of intraspecific strife. J. Mammalogy 75(1):199-202.  Mech, L.D.  1995a.  The challenge and opportunity of recovery wolf populations.  Conserv. Biol. 9(2):270-278.

 

Mech, L.D.  1995b.  What do we know about wolves and what more do we need to learn. pp. 537-545 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Mech, L.D.  2006a.  Prediction failure of a wolf landscape model.  Wildlife Soc. Bull 34(3): 874-877.

 

Mech, L.D.  2006b.  Mladenoff et al. rebut lacks supportive data.  Wildlife Soc. Bull 34(3): 882-883.

 

Mech, L. D.  2009.  Crying wolf: concluding that wolves were not restored.  Biology Letters 5:65-66.

 

Mech, L. D., and N. E. Federoff.  2002.  α1Antitrypsin polymorphism and systematic of North American Wolves.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 80:961-963.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.H. Fritts.  1987.  Parvovirus and heartworm found in Minnesota wolves.  Endang. Spec. Tech. Bull. 12:5-6.

 

Mech, L.D., S.H. Fritts, D.L. Radde, and W.J. Paul.  1988.  Wolf distribution and road density in Minnesota.  Wildl. Soc. Bull. 16:85-87.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  1993.  Canine parvovirus effect on wolf population change and pup survival.  J. Wildl. Dis. 29:330-333.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  1995.  Effect of canine parvovirus on gray wolves in Minnesota.  J. Wildl. Manage. 59:565-570.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  Undated.  Parsing demographic effect of canine parvovirus on a Minnesota wolf population. 

 

Mech, L.D., S.M. Goyal, C.N. Bota, and U.S. Seal.  1986.  Canine parvovirus infection in wolves (Canis lupus) from Minnesota.  J. Wildl. Dis. 22:104-106.

 

Mech, L.D., S.M. Goyal, W.J. Paul, and W.E. Newton.  2008.  Demographic effects of canine parvovirus on a free-ranging wolf population over 30 years.  J. Wildl. Dis. 44:824-836.  

 

Mech, L.D. and H.J. Kurtz.  1999.  First record of coccidiosis in wolves, Canis lupus.  Can. Field-Nat. 113:305-306.

 

Mech, L.D. and M.E. Nelson.  1989.  Evidence of prey-caused mortality in three wolves.  Am. Midl. Nat. 123:207-208.

 

Mech, L. D., and W. J. Paul.  2008.  Wolf body mass cline across Minnesota related to taxonomy?  Canadian Journal of Zoology 86:933-936.

 

Mech, L.D. and R.A. Rausch.  1975.  The status of the wolf in the United States, 1973.  Pages 83-88 in D.H. Pimlott, ed.  Wolves.  Inter. Union. Conserv. Nature. and Nat. Resour. Publ, New Ser., Suppl. Pap. No. 43.  Morges, Switzerland.

 

Mech, L.D., R.P. Thiel, S.H Fritts, and W.E. Berg.  1985.  Presence and effects of the dog louse Trichodectes canis (Mallophaga, Trichodectidae) on wolves and coyotes from Minnesota and Wisconsin.  American Midland Naturalist 114:404-405.

 

Merrill, S.B. and L.D. Mech.  2000.  Details of Extensive Movements by Minnesota Wolves. Am. Midl. Nat. 144:428-433.

 

Mertig, A.G.  2004.  Attitudes about wolves in Michigan, 2002.  Report to the Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources Wildlife Division.  108 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  1997.  Michigan gray wolf recovery and management plan.  Lansing, MI  58 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  1999.  Wisconsin man sentenced for shooting U.P. wolf.  News release, dated July 20, 1999.  1 p.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2004.  Gray wolf found in northern Lower Peninsula.  News release, dated October 25, 2004.  1 page.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005a.  Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Division Procedure – Guidelines for management and lethal control of wolves following confirmed depredation events.  Version 1.04, 9/02/2005.  10 pp., including 2 appendices.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005b.  Application for a new federal recovery permit.  With cover letter from Mindy Koch, dated September 2, 2005.  11pp. plus letter.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005c.  Operational management guidance for state-owned forest lands.  Michigan Department of Natural Resources Forest, Mineral, and Fire Management, Lansing, MI.  62 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005d.  Proposed Deer Population Goals.  2 pp.   Accessed Nov. 15, 2006.  Available at:  http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Deer_Population_Goals_141443_7.pdf

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2006a.  Winter survey results show increase in wolf population.  Press release dated July 5, 2006.  1 p.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2006b.  2006 Michigan Deer Hunting Prospects, Statewide Forecast.  Available from Michigan DNR, Lansing Michigan.  15 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2008a.  Michigan wolf management plan.  Lansing, MI.  95 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2008b. 2008 Michigan Deer Hunting Prospects, Statewide Forecast.  Available from Michigan DNR, Lansing Michigan.  10 pp.   

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2010.  Wolf pup captured and released in the northern lower peninsula.  http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607, 7-153-10371_10402-241284--,00.html.  Accessed on 11/28/2010.

 

Michigan Wolf Management Roundtable.  2006.  Recommended guiding principles for wolf management in Michigan.  Report to the Director of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  November 2006.  18 pp.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  1998.  1998 wolf public information meetings public comment summaries.  Unpublished report dated March 5, 1998.  St. Paul, MN  25 pp.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2000.  Directions 2000: The strategic plan.  MN DNR.  St. Paul, MN.  45 p.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2001.  Minnesota wolf management plan.  Prepared by the Section of Wildlife, dated February 2001.  36 pp. plus 9 appendices.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2005. OHV Report to Legislature.  Available at:  http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/aboutdnr/reports/trails/ohvstudy.pdf.  Accessed 10/24/06.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2009. 2009 Minnesota deer harvest report, St. Paul, MN. 41 p.

 

Minnesota  Statutes.  2010.  Section 3.737, subdivision 5.  From Office of the Revisor of Statues at http://www.leg.state.mn.us/leg/statutes.asp, accessed 02/10/2010.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., M.K. Clayton, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  2006.  L.D. Mech critique of our work lacks scientific validity.  Wildlife Soc. Bull. 34: 878-881.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., R.G. Haight, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  1997.  Causes and implications of species restoration in altered ecosystems.  Bioscience 47(1): 21-31.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., and T.A. Sickley.  1998.  Assessing potential gray wolf restoration in the Northeastern United States:  a spatial prediction of favorable habitat and population level.  J. Wildl. Mgmt. 62:1-10.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., T.A. Sickley, R.G. Haight, and A.P. Wydeven.  1995.  A regional landscape analysis and prediction of favorable gray wolf habitat in the Northern Great Lakes region.  Conserv. Biology 9:279-294.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  1999.  Predicting gray wolf landscape recolonization:  logistic regression models vs. new field data.  Ecological Applications 9(1):37-44.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., M.K. Clayton, S.D. Pratt, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  2009.  Change in occupied wolf habitat in the northern Great Lakes region.  Pp. 119-138 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske, eds. Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer, New York, NY, USA. 350 pp. 

 

Naughton, L., A. Treves, R. Grossberg, and D. Wilcove.  2005.  2004/2005 Public opinion survey:  wolf management in Wisconsin.  Unpublished report available at http://www.geography.wisc.edu/livingwithwolves/public_reports.htm.  45 pp. + exec. summary.

 

Naughton-Treves, L., R. Grossberg, and A. Treves.  2003.  Paying for tolerance:  Rural citizens’ attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation.  Cons. Biol. 17: 1500-1511.

 

Nelson, E. and D. Franson. 1988. Timber wolf recovery in Wisconsin: The attitudes of Northern Wisconsin farmers and landowners. Research management findings 13, Madison: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

 

Nowak, R. M.  1995.  Another look at wolf taxonomy.  Pp. 375-397 in L. N. Carbyn, S. H. Fritts, and D. R. Seip (eds.), Proceedings of the Second North American Symposium on Wolves, Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

 

Nowak, R. M.  2002.  The original status of wolves in eastern North America.  Southeastern Naturalist.  1:95-130.

 

Nowak, R. M. 2003.  Wolf evolution and taxonomy.  Pp. 239-258 in L. D. Mech and L. Boitani (eds.), Wolves, Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

 

Nowak, R. M.  2009.  Chapter 15, Taxonomy, Morphology, and Genetics of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region. Pp. 233-250 in A. P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, & E. Heske (eds.), Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region.  Springer, New York.

 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  2005a.  Backgrounder on wolf conservation in Ontario.  52 pp.

 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  2005b.  Notice of Decision for Regulation.  http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envretistry/023668er.html.  Accessed 02/09/06.

 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  2005c.  Province ensures conservation of Ontario wolves – Introduces new closed season for hunting and trapping in central and northern Ontario.  Press release dated March 10, 2005. http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/MNR/csb/news/2005/mar10nr_05.html.  Accessed 02/08/06.

 

Paul, W.J.  2004.  Wolf depredation on livestock in Minnesota, annual update of statistics - 2003.  U.S. Dep. of Agri., Animal & Plant Health Inspection Serv., Wildl. Serv.  Grand Rapids, Minnesota.  13 pp.

 

Peterson, R.O., N.J. Thomas, J.M. Thurber, J.A. Vucetich, and T.A. Waite.  1998.  Population limitation and the wolves of Isle Royale.  J. Mammal.  79:828-841.

 

Peterson, R.O., J.D. Woolington, and T.N. Bailey.  1984.  Wolves of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Wildlife Monographs 48(supplement):52 pp.

 

Pioneer Press.  2006.  Back in the pack.  Posted on Web August 2, 2006; accessed Oct. 10, 2006 at http://www.twincities.com/mld/pioneerpress/news/local/15175538.htm.

 

Potvin, M.J.  2003.  A habitat analysis for wolves in Michigan.  M.S. thesis, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan.  83 pp.

 

Potvin, M.J., T.D. Drummer, J.A. Vucetich, D.E. Beyer, R.O. Peterson, and J.H. Hammill.  2005. Monitoring and habitat analysis for wolves in Upper Michigan.  J. Wildl. Mgmt. 69:1660-1669.

 

Roell, B.J., D. E. Beyer, Jr., T. C. Hogrefe, D. H. Lonsway, K. L. Sitar, and P.E. Lederle.  2009.  Michigan Wolf Management 2008 Report.  Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Lansing, Michigan.  21pp.   

 

Rolley, R.E. 2007.  White-tailed deer population status 2007.  Unpublished report by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  Available at: http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/wildlife/harvest/reports/wtaildeerpop07.pdf.  Accessed on 07/14/2009.

 

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Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, S.R. Boles, E. Heilhecker, and W.H. Hall, Jr.  2005a.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring for the period October 2004 – March 2005.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  39 pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, W.H. Hall, E. Heilhecker, and J.E. Hawley.  2004.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2003.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  31 pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, W.H. Hall, E. Heilhecker, and J.E. Hawley.  2005b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2004 & annual summaries for 2004.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  28 pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.P. Thiel, R.N. Schultz, B.E. Kohn, and S.R. Boles.  2001b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period October 2000 - March 2001.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  36pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, and S. Rossler.  2006b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2005 & annual summaries for 2005.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  30 pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, and R.P. Thiel.  2009a.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2008, and annual summaries for 2008.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  35 pp. http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/wolfreports/

 

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Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, and S. Boles.  2010.  Status of the timber wolf in Wisconsin, performance report 1 July 2009 through 30 June 2010.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  67 pp. Available at http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/publications/reports.asp

 

Wydeven, A.P., J. E. Wiedenhoeft, J. Bruner, R.P. Thiel, R. N. Schultz, and S R. Boles. 2011. Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin in 2010, Year end summary. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, WI 15 pp. (unpublished report).

 

May 4, 2011

 

 

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