Natural Resource Damage Assessment
Draft Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment Available for Public Review and Comment
(201-page PDF ; 2.3MB)
The Kalamazoo River natural resource trustees are asking for comment on a draft plan outlining potential projects to restore natural resources along the Kalamazoo River in Michigan. The Draft Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement analyzes a suite of actions believed to most effectively compensate the public for losses caused by the PCBs released from paper mills from late 1950s through the early 1970s.
Industrial activities on the Kalamazoo River and Portage Creek released polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) to those waterways and the surrounding environment. As a result, the U.S. EPA designated areas downstream of the releases of PCBs as the Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site.
The U.S. EPA and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality are working to clean up the contaminants in the river system and/or or halt the risk from them in some way. For the current status of the cleanup process, visit EPA's Kalamazoo Project website or MDEQ's website on the Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site.
Meanwhile, the Trustees for natural resources are conducting a Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA). In the NRDA, the Trustees will determine the amount of restoration needed both to return the Kalamazoo River Environment to what it would have been like if the contaminants had not been released and to compensate the public for the loss of use and enjoyment of their natural resources resulting from the contaminants. In order to determine the amount of restoration and compensation required, the Trustees first evaluate the amounts and types of injuries to natural resources that result from the contaminants in the environment. Injuries include things like poor reproduction in bald eagles and mink and fish consumption advisories for anglers in the area.
The Trustee agencies for this NRDA are the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (added by Governor Granholm on September 29, 2004), the Michigan Department of the Attorney General, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
We are making progress toward restoration of the Kalamazoo River! The River has begun returning to its historical channel at the Plainwell Dam site! The Service and our co-trustees negotiated with the paper companies and U.S. EPA to combine dam removal and river restoration with the PCB removal action that is underway in the former Plainwell Impoundment of the river. This photo shows the removal of the first stop log from the temporary water control structure that will allow a controlled drawdown into the remediated historical channel. The lowered water level will also make the rest of the PCB removal process easier. Cleaned banks are being revegetated with native grasses, shrubs and trees by JFNew and we expect fairly rapid colonization of the benthic communities from upstream gravel beds and riffle areas.
The links below go to the Trustees' reports concerning the Kalamazoo River Environment Natural Resource Damage Assessment.
February 2015 - Kalamazoo River Remedial and Restoration Objectives, Letter to James Saric, U.S. EPA, dated February 27, 2015 (4-page PDF )
February 2014 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Riverwide Restoration Plan Federal Register Notice, February 18, 2014 (3-page PDF )
August 2013 - Final Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment, Portage Creek and Operable Unit 1 (111-page PDF )
April 2012 - Draft Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment, Portage Creek and Operable Unit 1 91-page PDF
October 8, 2010 - Evaluation of Mussel Survival from the Former Plainwell Impoundment Translocation (PDF )
March 19, 2010 - Translocation of Freshwater Mussels from the Former Plainwell Impoundment (PDF )
March 19, 2010 - Translocation of Freshwater Mussels (Bivalvia: Unionidae) from the Plainwell Diversion Dam Area (PDF )
July 16, 2009 - Stage 1 Assessment Report for Kalamazoo River Environment: Recreational Fishing Study Update, July 16, 2009 (192 k PDF )
March 15, 2005 - Presentation on Stage 1 Assessment Report from public meeting(1,100k PDF)
March 2005 - Fact Sheet for Stage 1 Assessment Report for the Kalamazoo River Environment (391k PDF )
Oct. 1, 2001 - Freshwater Mussels of the Kalamazoo River, Michigan, from Battle Creek to Saugatuck (328k PDF ) by Renee Sherman Mulcrone and Charles Mehne, DVM
November 2000 - Draft Stage 1 Assessment Plan for Kalamazoo River Environment Site (642k PDF ) We accepted public comments on this draft plan through January 16, 2001.
May 30, 2000 - Preassessment Screen and Determination (600k PDF )
If you have any questions concerning information found in any of these reports or any other comments related to the Kalamazoo River Environment NRDA, contact us via email or telephone:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Links