Endangered Species
Midwest Region

 

 

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Wisconsin

Federally-Listed Threatened, Endangered, Proposed, and Candidate Species' County Distribution

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Download Formatted State List (no counties) PDF Adobe PDF icon

 

For more information about threatened and endangered species in Wisconsin, please contact:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2661 Scott Tower Drive, New Franken, WI 54229, Phone: (920) 866-1717

 

Bald Eagle

Bald eagles are no longer protected under the federal Endangered Species Act and Section 7 consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is no longer necessary. However, the bald eagle remains protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

Information about Bald Eagles

Information about Eagle Permits and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act

 

Gray Wolf

The Gray Wolf population that includes Wisconsin was removed from the list of threatened and endangered species and is no longer protected under the Endangered Species Act.

 

Revised December 2014

Species

Status

Counties

Habitat

Mammals

Canada lynx
(Lynx canadensis)

Threatened

Ashland, Bayfield, Burnett, Douglas, Florence, Forest, Iron, Marinette, Oneida, Price, Sawyer, Vilas, Washburn

While no resident populations are known from Wisconsin, the species occasionally occurs in northern forested areas, and counties listed are those with the highest likelihood of occurrence.

Northern long-eared bat

Myotis septentrionalis

Proposed as Endangered

Statewide

Hibernates in caves and mines - swarming in surrounding wooded areas in autumn. During late spring and summer roosts and forages in upland forests.

Birds

Kirtland's warbler
Setophaga kirtlandii

=Dendroica kirtlandii

Endangered

Adams, Bayfield, Douglas, Jackson, Marinette, Vilas, Washburn

Young jack pine stands (5 to 25 years old). Confirmed breeding in Adams county, potential breeding in the other counties.

Piping plover
(Charadrius melodus)

Endangered

Ashland, Douglas, Manitowoc, Marinette

Sandy beaches; bare alluvial and dredge spoil islands

Piping plover
(Charadrius melodus)

Critical Habitat Designated

Ashland, Douglas, Manitowoc, Marinette

 

Rufa Red knot

(Calidris canutus rufa)

Threatened

Ashland and Douglas: along Lake Superior

 

Brown and Oconto: along Green Bay

 

Manitowoc, Ozaukee, Milwaukee, and Racine: along Lake Michigan

Coastal areas

Whooping crane
(Grus americanus)

**Non-essential experimental population

Adams*, Burnett, Calumet, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dodge, Fond du Lac, Grant, Green, Green Lake, Iowa, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau*, Kenosha, LaCrosse, Lafayette, Marathon, Marquette, Monroe*, Oconto, Pepin, Polk, Richland, Rock, Sauk, Shawano, Trempealeau, Walworth, Washington, Waushara, Winnebago, Wood*

 

*Whooping cranes have nested in these counties.

Open wetlands and lakeshores

Reptile

Eastern massasauga
(Sistrurus catenatus)

Candidate

Buffalo, Crawford, Jackson, Juneau, LaCrosse, Monroe, Pepin, Rock, Trempealeau, Walworth, Wood

Open to forested wetlands and adjacent upland areas

Mussels

Higgins eye pearlymussel
(Lampsilis higginsii)

Endangered

Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Grant, Iowa, Pierce, Richland, Sauk

Lower Wisconsin River

Higgins eye pearlymussel
(Lampsilis higginsii)

Endangered

Buffalo, Crawford, Grant, LaCrosse, Pierce, Trempealeau, Vernon

Mississippi River

Higgins eye pearlymussel
(Lampsilis higginsii)

Endangered

Pierce, Polk, St. Croix

St. Croix River

Sheepnose
(Plethobasus cyphyus)

Endangered

Buffalo, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Dunn, Eau Claire, Grant, Iowa, La Crosse, Pepin, Richland, Rusk, Sauk

Chippewa and Wisconsin Rivers

Snuffbox
(Epioblasma triquetra)

 

Endangered

Outagamie, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix, Shawano, Waupaca, Waushara

St. Croix, Wolf, Embarrass, and Little Wolf Rivers and Willow Creek

Spectaclecase
(Cumberlandia monodonta)

Endangered

Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Crawford, Grant, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix

 

Note: Occurance record for Grant and Crawford counties is historic - last observation 1982

Chippewa, Mississippi, and St. Croix Rivers

Winged mapleleaf
(Quadrula fragosa)

Endangered

Polk, St. Croix

St. Croix River

Insects

Hine's emerald dragonfly
(Somatochlora hineana)

Endangered

Door, Iowa, Grant, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, Richland

Streams and associated wetlands overlying dolomite bedrock

Hine's emerald dragonfly
(Somatochlora hineana)

Critical Habitat

Door and Ozaukee

 

Critical Habitat Maps (8-page PDF)

 

Karner blue butterfly
(Lycaeides melissa samuelis)

Endangered

Adams, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Eau Claire, Green Lake, Jackson, Juneau, Marquette, Menominee, Monroe, Oconto, Portage, Shawano, Waupaca, Waushara, Wood

Prairie, oak savanna, and jack pine areas with wild lupine

Poweshiek skipperling

(Oarisma poweshiek)

Endangered

and Proposed Critical Habitat

Green Lake, Waukesha

 

Map of Proposed Critical Habitat

Native prairie

Plants

Dwarf lake iris
(Iris lacustris)

Threatened

Brown, Door

Partially shaded sandy-gravelly soils on lakeshores

Eastern prairie fringed orchid
(Platanthera leucophaea)

Threatened

Dane, Green Lake, Jefferson, Kenosha, Ozaukee, Rock, Walworth, Waukesha, Winnebago

Wet grasslands

Fassett's locoweed
(Oxytropis campestris var. chartaceae)

Threatened

Bayfield, Douglas, Portage, Waushara

Open sandy lakeshores

Mead's milkweed
(Asclepias meadii)

Threatened

Columbia, Dane, Grant, Green, Iowa

Upland tallgrass prairie or glade/barren habitat

 

Note: all the Mead's milkweed sites in Wisconsin are reintroduction attempts and occur on protected conservation lands.

Northern monkshood
(Aconitum noveborancense)

Threatened

Grant, Monroe, Richland, Sauk, Vernon

North facing slopes

Pitcher's thistle
(Cirsium pitcheri)

Threatened

Door, Manitowoc, Sheboygan

Stabilized dunes and blowouts

Prairie bush-clover
(Lespedeza leptostachya)

Threatened

Columbia, Dane, Grant, Green, Iowa, Lafayette, Pepin, Pierce, Rock, St. Croix, Sauk

Dry to mesic prairies with gravelly soil areas

 

**Whooping Crane - On June 26, 2001, a nonessential experimental population of the whooping crane was designated in a 20-state area of the eastern United States. The first release of birds occurred in Wisconsin in 2001, and the counties listed are those where the species has been observed to date. It is unknown at this time which counties the species will occupy in the future, as the birds mature and begin to exhibit territorial behavior. For purposes of section 7 consultation, this species is considered as a proposed species, except where it occurs within the National Wildlife Refuge System or the National Park System, where it is treated as a threatened species.


Back to State and County Ranges of Listed Species

Midwest Endangered Species Home

 

Last updated: December 11, 2014