Chicago Illinois Field Office
Hine's Emerald Dragonfly
This dragonfly was originally discovered in Ohio, but by the mid-1900's it was believed to be extinct.
In 1988 a specimen collected in the Des Plaines River Valley (southwest of Chicago) was later identified as this species. Subsequent surveys uncovered additional populations there, as well as northeast Wisconsin, Michigan, and Missouri. All are associated with areas of groundwater-fed wetlands that are perched over limestone bedrock.
Historical Records for this Species in Northeast Illinois are available from Cook, DuPage, and Will counties.
The populations are generally small, isolated, and vulnerable to habitat loss or modifications as well as individual mortality. The Hine's emerald dragonfly was listed as Endangered in 1995.
The Chicago Illinois Field Office is the lead office for coordinating the Service's efforts to recover this species. In addition to arranging periodic meetings of the Hine's Emerald Dragonfly Recovery Team, we network and consult with other dragonfly experts. We also completed the approved recovery plan, and have helped implement other range-wide actions to recover this species.
In the Chicago region, we attend or hold meetings of land managers and others with an interest in this species, and have funded various projects which may contribute to recovery of local populations. These include studies of population genetics and life history, conducted by the Illinois Natural History Survey and Illinois State Museum.
Hines emerald dragonfly (Somatochlora hineana): Listed as endangered in 1995.
Complete regulatory profile, as provided on the Service's Endangered Species website.
Final rule listing the species, published in the Federal Register (60 FR 5267-5273), January 26, 1995.
Hine's emerald dragonfly Recovery plan, 2001.
- USFWS Hine's emerald dragonfly Fact Sheet (html version), Fact sheet (pdf version).
- Current Hine's emerald dragonfly Information from the Service's Endangered Species website.