Fisheries and Habitat Conservation

Laws the Program Administers

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Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1956, as amended, (16 U.S.C. 661-667e; the Act of March 10, 1934; Ch 55; 48 Stat. 401). Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to take such steps as may be required for the management, conservation, and protection of fish and wildlife resources including research, development of facilities and acquisition of land and water.

Partners for Fish and Wildlife Act (16 U.S.C. 3771). Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to provide technical and financial assistance to private landowners to restore, enhance, and manage private land to improve fish and wildlife habitats through the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program.

Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58). Addresses development, study and incentives for renewable energy sources such as hydropower as well as oil and gas. It provides authority for Service involvement in the federal hydropower licensing process, including fishway prescription.

Coastal Barrier Resources Act (CBRA), (P.L. 97-348) (96 Stat. 1653; 16 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). Designated various undeveloped coastal barrier islands, depicted by specific maps, for inclusion in the Coastal Barrier Resources System (CBRS). Designated areas were made ineligible for direct or indirect Federal financial assistance that might support development, including flood insurance, except for emergency life-saving activities. The Act assigns various mapping and study requirements to the Secretary of the Interior, which are delegated to the Service.

Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1361-1407, P.L. 92-522, October 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 1027) as amended. Established a Federal responsibility to conserve marine mammals with management vested in the Department of the Interior for sea otter, walrus, polar bear, dugong, and manatee. The Department of Commerce is responsible for cetaceans and pinnipeds, other than the walrus.

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (Superfund) (26 U.S.C. 4611-4628; P.L. 96-510, December 11, 1980; 94 Stat. 2797), as amended. The Department of the Interior is a trustee for natural resources, and the Service is responsible for the protection and restoration of trust resources injured by uncontrolled releases of hazardous materials. The Service is responsible for conducting assessments to establish injury to trust resources through the damage assessment process.

Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq; 104 Stat. 484). Established new requiremets and extensively amended the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1301 et. seq) to provide enhanced capabilities for oil spill response and natural resource damage assessment by the Service.

Sikes Act, as amended through the end of the First Session of the 108th Congress; P.L. 108-198, December 31, 2003. Recognizes the importance and value of military lands to natural resources. It seeks to ensure that these ecosystems are protected and enhanced while allowing the military lands to continue to meet the needs of military operations.

Last updated: November 4, 2011
Fisheries and Habitat Conservation
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