Migratory Bird Management
The Pacific Southwest Region’s Migratory Bird Program works together with a diversity of partners to assess, manage and conserve migratory bird species and their habitats in California, Nevada and the Klamath Basin of southern Oregon. We also issue permits and regulations for states, local governments and individuals to participate in activities such as hunting, scientific research, rehabilitation or injured birds, educations, falconry, and taxidermy
The Service's Migratory Bird Program provides national and international leadership in the conservation and management of migratory birds by promoting, among the Service and its partners, science-based management of both populations and habitat on and off Service lands in support of national and internation bird plans and initiatives.
- Eagle Permits and Wind Energy: As the nation seeks to increase its production of domestic energy, wind energy developers and wildlife agencies have recognized a need for specific guidance to help make wind energy facilities compatible with eagle conservation and the laws and regulations that protect eagles. Learn more on our Eagle Permits page.
- Bald and Golden Eagle Permits: In September 2009, the Service published the final rule on two new permit regulations that will allow the "take" of eagles under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act. Read the Final Rule from the Federal Register.
- About the Muscovy Duck: The Muscovy duck now occurs naturally in southern Texas, so it has been added to the list of birds protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. This species has been introduced in other areas throughout the U.S. where it is an exotic species, and it is widely raised in captivity for food. To control the spread of Muscovy Ducks in areas outside their natural range, new Service regulations allow for control of feral Muscovy ducks, their nests, and eggs in areas outside their natural range (50 CFR 21.54). Other regulations finalized at the same time as the listing and Control Order that restrict possession of Muscovy Ducks and require a permit to sell captive-bred Muscovy Ducks for food will not be administered at this time because the Service plans to revise those regulations in the near future. Read the fact sheet and the final rule.
- Bird Species Protected by MBTA Expands to 1,007: On March 1, 2010, the Service announced revisions to the list of bird species protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) Species on this list are governed under migratory bird hunting and permitting regulations concerning most aspects of possession, transportation, sale, purchase, exportation, and importation of protected species. The list, last updated in 1985, incorporates the latest taxonomic and scientific data for migratory birds. The changes include 186 new additions and 11 subtractions, bringing the total number of species protected under the MBTA to 1007. Read the Final Rule from the Federal Register / Questions and Answers.
- Approved Nontoxic Shot: Service approved an additional shot type, Tungsten-Iron-Fluoropolymer, as nontoxic for hunting waterfowl and coots in October 2009. Read the Final Rule from the Federal Register.
Focal species strategy
In 2005, the Migratory Bird Program of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) initiated the Focal Species Strategy to better measure its success in achieving its bird conservation priorities and mandates. The focal species strategy involves campaigns for selected species to provide explicit, strategic, and adaptive sets of conservation actions required to return the species to healthy and sustainable levels.
The Service remains committed to landscape-scale, integrated bird conservation for the full array of species of management concern, but has developed the focal species strategy to provide the increased accountability required from all federal agencies. Campaigns have been launched for a subset of focal species since 2005 and have involved the creation of multi-agency and conservation organization working groups and the development of conservation action plans. Get the Focal Species Fact Sheet
Focal Species in the Pacific Southwest Region
Snowy plover (non-listed population)
Gull-billed tern (status assessment being developed)
conservation and management plans
Information for Property Owners
Birds in Crisis: Death by Pipe (PDF)
Waterfowl Damage to Lanscaping, Crops (PDF)
Woodpeckers: Inflicting Damage on Prperty (PDF
Partners in Flight
Celebrate Partners in Flight's mission and approach to bird conversation with this 20th Anniversary video. Spectacular bird footage and vocalizations bring the message to life that we must continue to work together to effectively conserve the Western Hemisphere's amazing and diverse bird life.
(Click arrow to start. Video courtesy of Partners in Flight)
Federal Duck Stamp
What are Duck Stamps? Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps,commonly known as “Duck Stamps,” are pictorialstamps produced by the U.S. Postal Service for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. They are not valid for postage. Originally created in 1934 as the federal licenses required for hunting migratory waterfowl, Federal Duck Stamps have a much larger purpose today. Federal Duck Stamps are a vital tool for wetland conservation. Ninety-eight cents out of every dollar generated by the sales of Federal Duck Stamps goes directly to purchase or lease wetland habitat for protection in the National Wildlife Refuge System. Understandably, the Federal Duck Stamp Program has been called one of the most successful conservation programs ever initiated and is a highly effective way to conserve America’s natural resources.