Coastal Barrier Resources Act

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Federal Spending Prohibitions

The Coastal Barrier Resources Act and its amendments prohibit most new Federal expenditures that tend to encourage development or modification of coastal barriers. The laws do not restrict activities carried out with private or other non-Federal funds and only apply to the areas that are within the defined John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resource System (CBRS).

Examples of prohibited Federal assistance within System units include subsidies for road construction, channel dredging, and other coastal engineering projects. Federal flood insurance through the National Flood Insurance Program is available in a CBRS unit if the subject building was constructed (or permitted and under construction) before the CBRS unit's effective date. If an existing insured structure is substantially improved or damaged, the Federal flood insurance policy will not be renewed.

Federal monies can be spent within System units for certain exempted activities, after consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Examples of such activities include emergency assistance, military activities essential to national security, exploration and extraction of energy resources, and maintenance of existing Federal navigational channels.

The only Federal funding prohibition within OPAs is Federal flood insurance.


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